UPDATE: Comparative Civil Procedure: A Guide to Primary and Secondary Sources


By Radu D. Popa & Mirela Roznovschi


A Guide to worldwide Primary and Secondary Sources by Radu D. Popa, Assistant Dean & Director of the NYU Law Library,  Lecturer in Law, with the assistance of Mirela Roznovschi, Reference Librarian for International and Foreign Law.


Published January 2013
Previously updated on January 2011)
See the Archive Version!


Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. General and Multinational Sources               

3. National Codes, Statutes and Commentaries

3.1. Argentina; 3.2. Australia; 3.3. Austria; 3.4. Belgium; 3.5. Brazil; 3.6. Canada; 3.7. Central and Eastern Europe; 3.8. CHILE; 3.9. Czech Republic; 3.10. Denmark; 3.11. ECUADOR; 3.12. El Salvador; 3.13. European Union; 3.14. France; 3.15. Germany; 3.16. Great Britain; 3.17. Hong Kong; 3.18. India; 3.19. Israel; 3.20. Italy; 3.21. Japan; 3.22. Korea (South); 3.23. Mexico; 3.24. The Netherlands; 3.25. New Zealand; 3.26. People’s Republic of China; 3.27. Peru 3.28. Romania; 3.29. Russia; 3.30. South Africa; 3.31. Spain; 3.32. Sweden; 3.33. Switzerland; 3.34. Uruguay

4. Internet Databases: Civil Codes, Civil Procedure & Jurisprudence

4.1. General Databases; 4.2. Argentina; 4.3. Australia; 4.4. Austria; 4.5. Belgium; 4.6. Brazil; 4.7. Canada; 4.8. Central and Eastern Europe; 4.9. Chile; 4.10. Czech Republic; 4.11. Denmark

4.12. Ecuador; 4.13. El Salvador; 4.14. European Union; 4.15. France; 4.16. Germany; 4.17. Great Britain; 4.18. Hong Kong; 4.19. India; 4.20. Israel; 4.21. Italy; 4.22. Japan; 4.23. Korea (South); 4.24. Mexico; 4.25. The Netherlands; 4.26. New Zealand; 4.27. People’s Republic of China; 4.28. Peru; 4.29. Romania; 4.30. Russia and Former Soviet Republics; 4.31. South Africa; 4.32. Spain; 4.33. Sweden; 4.34. Switzerland; 4.35. Uruguay


1. Introduction

The comparison of legal systems has for a long time been an essential branch of legal research and jurisprudence. It has become even more important and relevant in our era of globalization, an era in which there is no field of law that can base its knowledge exclusively on national ideas and rules of procedure. Peter Gottwald sees the comparison of legal systems leading “not only to a better knowledge of foreign law but also corresponding to the internationalization of law and jurisprudence, and the globalization of politics, of trade, commerce and private life style.” (Comparative Civil Procedure.  22 Ritsumeikan Law Review, 23 (2005).

The first part of this guide lists: general works of comparative civil procedure; basic books about the civil and common-law systems; and encyclopedias and treatises covering several jurisdictions. The remainder of the guide is arranged by country. Depending upon the country, the sources listed may be in English or in the vernacular (or both in some cases). Under “Primary Sources” are listed codes of civil procedure and civil procedure statutes and, for civil law jurisdictions, basic treatises and commentaries. Under “Secondary Sources” are listed monographs, treatises and commentaries (for common law jurisdictions), which may also contain the text of civil procedure code sections and statutes. The section on “Secondary Sources” also contains collected jurisprudence, as well as a few journals. In order to locate titles in particular libraries, it is advisable to search online library catalogs or, for an overall search, the WorldCat. WESTLAW and LEXIS-NEXIS are also recommended. Please refer to the online directories for each service to determine the exact dates covered by these databases. For WESTLAW, the database identifier is always given. For LEXIS-NEXIS, the Library name is given, followed by the File Name, as in this example: INTLAW--AUSLAW. (For LEXIS-NEXIS, where multiple Libraries--Files are given, they all contain the same database.)

There are also files maintained by Mirela Roznovschi. These files provide links to Civil Codes, Civil Procedure and Jurisprudence. The outline of this site is attached at the end of the guide. In addition, whenever a paper source has an electronic equivalent, the hot link has been added for instant access.  Codes, commentaries, and basic treatises for jurisdictions using languages other than English are cited most of the time in the vernacular language of the country. News reports are an excellent source of information about recent developments in the law of other countries. Although they do not generally contain the text of a new law, they may note the circumstances of its adoption, summarize it, and provide a citation to a source leading to the full text.

To locate news reports and other current information, consult:

2. General and Multinational Sources


ALI/UNIDROIT Principles and Rules of Transnational Civil Procedure as adopted and promulgated by ALI and by UNIDROIT. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.


Abraham, Henry Julian. The Judicial Process: An Introductory Analysis of the Courts of the United States, England, and France. 7th edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.   Still a very useful introductory comparative companion.

Abuse of procedural rights: comparative standards of procedural fairness, 27-30 October 1998, Tulane Law School, New Orleans, Louisiana. Edited by Michele Taruffo. Boston: Kluwer International, 1999.


Andenaes, Mads Tonnesson. The Future of Transnational Civil Litigation: English Responses to the ALI/UNIDROIT Draft Principles and Rules of Transnational Civil Procedure. London: British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2004. The book expands upon papers given at a colloquium organized in London by the British Institute of International and Comparative Law. Interesting pro and cons about the perspective of a unified transnational civil procedure.

Bell, Andrew S. Forum shopping and venue in transnational litigation. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Deals with forum shopping and conflict of laws.


Born, Gary. International Civil Litigation in United States Courts. 4th edition. Austin:Wolters Kluwer Law and Business, 2007. Touches on civil procedure and jurisdictional matters.

The Cambridge Companion to Comparative Law. Ed. by Mauro Bussani and Ugo Mattei. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.


Care, Jennifer Corrin. Civil procedure of the South Pacific. Suva, Fiji: JALS, 1998.
Covers civil procedure in Oceania.


Carpi, Federico and M. A. Lupoi. Essays on Transnational and Comparative Civil Procedure. Torino: Giappichelli, 2001.


Cappelletti, M. The Judicial Process in Comparative Perspective. Oxford; New York: Clarendon Press, 1989. A classic in the field.

Chase, Oscar and Janet Walker,  editors. Common Law, Civil Law and the Future of Categories. Mankham, Ont.: LexisNexis, 2010.  Proceedings of a conference of the International Association of Procedural Law held in Toronto, June 3-5, 2009.


Civil Justice in crisis: comparative perspectives of civil procedure. Ed. by A. S. Zuckermann. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Civil procedure and conflicts in transnational perspective.

Civil Litigation in a Globalising World. Ed. by X. E. Kramer and C. H. van Rhee.  Berlin: Springer, 2012.


Civil Litigation in Comparative Context. Edited by Oscar Chase, Helen Hershkoff, Linda Silberman, Yasuhei Taniguchi, Vincenzo Varano, Adrian A. S. Zuckerman.   St. Paul: Thomson/West, 2007. Law professors from four different nations (i.e. England, Italy, Japan, and the United States), collaborated on this book, which explains, explores, and evaluates major civil litigation systems in the contemporary world. Surprisingly enough, the differences among the civil procedure regimes around the world are often greater than those of substantive law. This is probably the most comprehensive and up-to-date scholarly work in the field, covering comparative structure of the legal profession, organization of the courts, rules of evidence as well as torts, remedies, enforcement of judgments and transnational litigation. It provides a very original and meaningful approach of the harmonization of civil procedures prospects and perils.


Civil Procedure. M. Cappelletti, ed. Tubingen: Mohr; New York: Oceana, 1973-. International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law, vol. XVI.

Consolo, Claudio. Nuovi Problemi di Diritto Processuale Civile Internazionale. Milano: Giuffre, 2002. Broad perspective on the conflicts of law in the Italian civil procedure, together with general considerations about the civil procedure in international law.


Corneloup, Sabine. La publicite des situations juridiques: une approche franco-allemande du droit interne et du droit international prive. Paris: L.D.G.J.: 2003. Doctoral thesis.


Cost and Fee Allocation in Civil Procedure: a Comparative Study. Ed. by Mathias Reimann. New York: Springer, 2012.


Cumming, George, Dr. Civil Procedure Used for Enforcement of EC competition law by the English, French and German Civil Courts. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2007.


Current Topics of International Litigation. Ed. by Rolf Sturner and Masanori Kawano. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009.


Damaska, Mirjan. The Faces of Justice and State Authority: A Comparative Approach to the Legal Process. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986.


Damaska, Mirjan. Evidence Law Adrift. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.  Legal culture and institutions in Anglo-American countries.

De Vries, H. and Schneider, G. Civil Law and the Anglo-American Lawyer: A Case-Illustrated Introduction to Civil Law Institutions and Method. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana, 1975.

Elias, T. O. Judicial Process in the New Commonwealth. Lagos: University of Lagos Press, 1990. One of the few books dedicated to the reception of common law in Asia and Africa, the judicial process in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean Area.


Elizondo Gasparin, Macarita. Relaciones entre la partes, los jueces y los abogados. Paz: Litografica Puan, 2004.  XIII Congreso Mundial de Derecho Procesal.


Encyclopedia of International Commercial Litigation. London; Boston: Graham & Trotman; Norwell, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991-. Loose-leaf. Broad coverage of the commercial world, including Japan, but not Australia, South Africa, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Singapore because of the similarity of their judicial systems and procedures to those of England and Wales.

Epstein, D. and Snyder, J. International Litigation: A Guide to Jurisdiction, Practice and Strategy. 2nd edition. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall Law & Business, 1994-. Loose-leaf.
Updated service, especially useful for practitioners.


Epstein, David and Charles S. Baldwin, IV. International Litigation: A Guide to Jurisdiction, Practice and Strategy. Leiden; Boston: Martbus Nijhoff, 2010. 4th edition.


Essays on transnational and comparative civil procedure = Scritti sul diritto processuale civile transnazionale e comparato. Ed. by Federico Carpi and M. A. Lupoi. Torino: Giappichelli, 2001. In English and Italian.

European Private Law beyond the Common Frame of Reference: Essays in Honour of Reinhard Zimmermann. Ed. by Antoni Vaquare y Alloy. Groningen: Europa Law Publishers, 2008. High class Festshfricht.


Fairchild, E. Comparative Criminal Justice Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993. Focuses upon criminal law; but Chapter 2, Families of Law, introduces civil law, common law, socialist law, and Islamic law; and Chapter 9, Courts and Trials contains some information about civil courts.

Foreign Courts: Civil Litigation in Foreign Legal Cultures. Ed. by Volkmar Gessner. Brookfield: Darmouth, 1996. Valuable American, German, and Italian perspectives on cross-border litigation.


The Foundation of European Private Law. Ed. by Roger Brownsword et al. Oxford; Portland: Hart Publishing, 2011.


Geerome, Sofie. Foreign Law in Civil Litigation: A Comparative and Functional Analysis. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.


Gessner, Volkmar. Foreign Courts: Civil litigation in Foreign Legal Cultures. Aldershot, England: Darmouth, 1996. Very fine comparative essays covering New York, Italy and Germany.

Geeroms, Sofie. Foreign law in civil litigation: a comparative and functional analysis. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Very fine doctoral thesis.


General Reports of the XVIIIth Congress of the International Academy of Comparative Law. Karen B. Brown, David V. Snyder, editors. Dordrecht; London: Springer, 2012. In English and French.


Glendon, M. and Gordon, M. Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials, and Cases on the Civil Law, Common Law, and Socialist Law Traditions with Special Reference to French, West German, English, and Soviet Law. 3d edition. St. Paul: West 2007. Very useful work, thoroughly updated.


Global Wrongs and Private Law Remedies and Procedures. Ed. by Stathis Banakas. London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill, 2011.


Globalization and Private Law: the Way Forward. Ed. by Michael Faure and A. van der Walt. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2010. Civil procedure in a globalizing world.

Gottwald, Peter, Editor. Litigation in England and Germany. Bielefeld: Gieseking Verlag, 2010.


Graveson, R. One Law: On Jurisprudence and the Unification of Law: Selected Essays, Volume II. Amsterdam; New York; Oxford: North-Holland Publishing Co., 1977.  A classic work.

Hein, Jan von. Europäisches Zivilprozessrecht: Kommentar zu EuGVO, Lugano-Ubereinkommen 2007, EuVTVO, EuMVVO und EuGFVO. Frankfurt am Main: Verlad Recht und Wirtschaft, 2011.


In Honorem Mauro Cappelletti (1927-2004): tribute to an international procedural lawyer. The Hague: Kluwer International, 2005. A festschrift honoring one of the most important scholars in the field.  Six eminent scholars (MarcelStorme, NicoloThocker, Federico Campi, Sir Jack Jacob, Lawrence M. Friedman, and John Henry Merryman) focus on Cappelletti's personality and analyse the significance of his scientific work. An unpublished lecture by Mauro Cappelletti and a selected bibliography close this book.


International civil procedure. Shelby R. Grubbs and P. M. North, Editors. The Hague: Kluwer International, 2003.


International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law. Vo. 16: Civil Procedure. Ed. By Mauro Cappelletti. Tubingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 1973-. This is a monumental work and a must in any comparative approach.


International Judicial Assistance in Civil Matters. Ed. by Dennis Campbell. Ardsley, N.Y.: Transnational Publishers, 1999. Civil procedure and conflicts in international law. Country by country approach.

Jacob, Herbert et al. Courts, Law, and Politics in Comparative Perspective. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.


Kern, Cristoph. Justice between simplification and formalism.  Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2007. In depth analysis and critique of the World Bank sponsored project “Lex Mundi” on efficiency of Civil Procedure.


Kodilinye, Gilbert. Commonwealth Caribbean Civil Procedure. 3d edition. London; New York: Routledge-Cavendish, 2009.


Koh, Harold Hongju.  Transnational litigation in United States courts. New York: Foundation Press, 2008. Series of  fine lectures first presented at the private international law section of the Hague Academy of International Law.


Kreindler, Richard H. Transnational Litigation: a Basic Primer. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1998. Deals mainly with conflicts and civil procedure in international law.

Kropholler, J. Europaisches Zivilprozessrecht: Kommentar zum EuGVU und Lugano-Ubereinkomen. Schriftenreihe Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft, bd. 22. Heidelberg: Verlagsgesellschaft Recht und Wirtschaft, 2002. Discusses Germany and the European Community. This 6th edition incorporates all the developments after the Lugano Convention.

Lasser, Michel de S. O l’E.  Judicial Deliberations.  A Comparative Analysis of Transparency and Legitimacy. London; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.  Comparison between the ECJ, the French Court de Cassation and the U. S. Supreme Court.


Law and Judicial Systems of Nations. 4th revised edition. C. Rhyne, ed. Washington, D.C.: World Peace through Law Center, 2002. Covers more than 100 nations in a handy, compact format.


Law and Legal Culture in Comparative Perspective. Edited by Gunther Doeker-Mach and Klaus A. Ziegert. Stuttgart: Steiner, 2004, Brilliant collected work.

Law and Reality: Essays on National and International Procedural Law in Honour of Cornelis Carel Albert Voskuil. Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff, 1992. Comprehensive festschrift featuring essays by great authors in the field.


Lawson, F. A Common Lawyer Looks at the Civil Law. The Thomas M. Cooley Lectures, Fifth Series. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Law School, 1953. A classic.


The Legal Professions in the New Europe: A Handbook for Practitioners. A. Tyrrell and Z. Yaqub, eds. Oxford, UK; Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1996. 2nd edition. An introduction to the legal profession in the member states of the European Community and to the relevant Community law. Also addresses U.S. lawyers in Europe.

Legal Traditions and Systems: An International Handbook. A. Katz, Ed. New York: Greenwood Press, 1986. Africa; Benelux Nations; Canada; Australia and New Zealand; Eastern Europe; Federal Republic of Germany; France; India, Pakistan and Bangladesh; Italy; Japan; Latin America; Middle East; People's Republic of China; Scandinavia; Southeast Asia; Soviet Union; Spain; United Kingdom; United States.

Lookofsky, Joseph M. Transnational litigation and commercial arbitration: an analysis of American, European, and international law. 3rd edition. Huntigton: Juris Publishing, 2011.


Lowenfeld, Andreas F. International litigation and arbitration: selected treaties, statutes and rules. 3d ed. St. Paul, Minn.: West Group, 2006. A classic coming from a great scholar in the field.


Lowenfeld, Andreas F. International Litigation and the Quest for reasonableness: essays in private international law. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.


Main, Thomas. Global Issues in Civil Procedure. Minneapolis: West, 2006.


McCaffrey, Stephen C. Transnational litigation in comparative perspective: theory and application. New York, Oxford University Press, 2010.


McClurg, Andrew J et al. Practical Global Tort Litigation. Durham : Carolina Academic Press, 2007.


McLachlan, Campbell. Lis pendens in international litigation. Leiden; Boston: Martinus Nijhoff,  2009.


Merryman, J.H. The Civil Law Tradition: An Introduction to the Legal
Systems of Western Europe and Latin America. 2nd ed. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985. A classic book.


Modern Legal Systems Cyclopaedia. K.R. Redden, ed. Buffalo: Hein, 1984-. Loose-leaf. Arranged by regions of the world, then country-by-country.


Murray, Peter L. and Rolf Sturner. The Civil Law Notary – Neutral Lawyer for the Situation. Munchen: C. H. Beck, 2010.


Platto, Charles, ed. Trial and Court Procedures Worldwide. London; Boston: Graham & Trotman, 1991. Covers briefly Asia and South Pacific, Europe, UK, North and South America.


Platto, Charles, ed. Civil Appeal Procedures Worldwide. London; Boston: Graham & Trotman, 1992. More than 25 jurisdictions are briefly covered.

Rayroux, Francois. Amerikanisches Civil Jury Trial und Antitrust-, Products Liability - und Derivative Suits: vergleichende Aspekte. Zurich: Schulthess, 1994. Comparative approach involving civil procedure rules in American and Swiss law.

The Reception and Transmission of Civil Procedural Law in the Global Society: Legislative and Legal Education Assistance to Other Countries in Procedural Law. Ed. by Masahisa Deguchi and Marcel Storme. Antwerpen-Appledoorn: Maklu, 2008. Published under the authority of the International Association of Procedural Law (IALP).


Reinmann, Mathias. The Reception of Continental Ideas in the Common Law World, 1820-1920. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, 1993. Excellent analysis of the intellectual turmoil in the field, covering the most important century of the modern world. A source not to be missed by any scholar.

Reforming the Civil Justice System. Ed. by Larry Kramer. New York: New York University Press, 1996. Collected papers presented as part of the Institute of Judicial Administration’s Research Conference on Civil Justice Reform in the 90th, held in New York, October 1993.

The Reforms of Civil Procedure in Comparative Perspective: An International Conference dedicated to Mauro Cappelletti, Florence, 12-13 December, 2003. Edited by Nicolo Trocker and Vincenzo Varano. Torino: G. Giappichelli, 2005.


Ruiter, D. W. P. Legal Institutions. Dordrecht; Boston: Kluwer Academic Press, 2001. Doctrinal, methodological, and philosophical approach.


Schlesinger’s Comparative Law. By Rudolf B. Schlesinger, Ugo Mattei, Teemu Ruskola, Antonio Gidi. 7th edition.  St.Paul: Foundation Press, 2009.


Silva, Jorge Alberto. Derecho internacional sobre el processo: processo civil y commercial. Mexico: McGraw-Hill, 1997. Conflicts and civil procedure in transnational context.

Snijders, H. And Boer, M. Access to Civil Procedure Abroad. Munchen: Beck; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1996. Emphasis on the European Union countries.

Stein, P. Legal Institutions: The Development of Dispute Settlements.  London: Butterworths, 1984.

Stein, P. I fondamenti del diritto europeo: profili sostanziali e processuali dell'evoluzione dei sistemi giuridici. A cura di Anna De Vita, Maria Donata Panforti e Vincenzo Varano. Milano: Giuffre, 1995. This is the Italian version of the previous entry, revised and updated.


Steinhardt, Ralph G. International litigation: cases and materials on the rise of intermestic law. Newark, NJ: LexisNexis, 2002. Very original, interesting approach emphasizing the merger of international and domestic law (intermestic).

Storme, Marcel and Burkhard Hess. Discretionary power of the judge: limits and control. The Hague: Kluwer, 2003.


Sturner, Rolf. Comparative Studies on Enforcement and Provisional Measures. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2011.


Taruffo, Michele. Comparative Standards of Procedural Fairness. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1999.


Toward Comparative Law in the 21st Century. Ed. By Nihon Hikakyho Kenkyujo. Tokyo: Chuo University Press, 1998. This is a very fine collection of essays and analytical essays compiled for the 50th anniversary of the Institute of Comparative Law in Japan. Contributions in English, French, German, and Japanese.


Transnational Aspects of Civil Procedure. Texts in English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish. World Law Conference. Law in Motion: Recent Developments in Civil Procedure, Constitutional, Contract, Environmental, Family & Succession, Intellectual Property, Labour, Medical, Social Security, Transport Law. The Hague; Cambridge: Kluwer Law International, 1997.

Transnational Litigation: a Practitioner’s Guide. Ed. by Richard H. Kreindler. Loose-leaf. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana Publications, 1997-. Up-to-date practitioner’s guide covering transnational civil procedure.


Trends in the Enforcement of Non-Money Judgments and Orders: The First International Colloquium on the Law of Civil Procedure, June 1985, Faculty of Law, University of Lund. Deventer, Netherlands; Boston: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 1988.

UNIDROIT. Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.


Unity of Civil Procedural Law and Its National Divergences. International Symposium of Civil Procedural Law, 1993, Lubin, Poland. Lubin: Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 1994.

Uzelac A. and C.H. van Rhee, eds. Access to Justice and the Judiciary. Antwerp: Intersentia, 2009.


Varano, Vincenzo and Vittoria Barsotti. La tradizione juridica occidentale. Vol. I. Torino: Giappichelli, 2002.


Varano, Vincenzo, Editor. L’altra giustizia. Giuristi stranieri di oggi. Milano: Giuffre, 2007.


Varano, Vincenzo. Comparative Law Course, Fall 1994: Cases and Materials. [S.l.]: [S.n.], 1994. Collected materials for the class offered in the NYU School of Law Global program.

Vareilles-Sommieres, Pascal de. Forum Shopping in the European Judicial Area. Oxford; Portland: Hart Publishers, 2007. Extremely important opinions about a new phenomenon within the rules of Civil Procedure in the European Union.


Verkerk, Remme. Fact-Finding in Civil Litigation. Antwerp: Intersentia, 2010.


Von Mehren, A.T. Law in the United States: A General and Comparative View. Deventer: Kluwer, 1988. A classic.


Von Mehren, A.T. The Civil Law System: Cases and Materials for the Comparative Study of Law. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1957. Another classic.


Von Mehren, A.T. The Civil Law System: An Introduction to the Comparative Study of Law. 2nd ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977.

Walter, Gerhard. International Litigation: Past Experiences and Future Perspectives. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2000. Civil procedure and unification of civil law in the European Union countries.


Weintraub, Russel J. International litigation and arbitration: practice and planning. 3rd ed. Durham, N.C.: Carolina academic Press, 2001. Cases and materials in the field of civil procedure, jurisdiction in international law, and arbitration.


Zimmerman, Reinhard and Mathias Reinman. The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. Quite unique encyclopedia of comparative law, with special emphasis on civil law and procedure, private law, and comparative legal cultures.


Zuckerman, A.A.S., Editor. Civil Justice in Crisis. Comparative Perspectives of Civil Procedure. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.


3. National Codes, Statutes and Commentaries
Civil Procedure has traditionally been governed by lex fori (the law of the state where the proceedings take place). Therefore, primary and secondary sources for this subject should be researched by jurisdiction. The comparative dimension is implicit in this approach. But there are also, especially lately, more and more explicit works of comparative civil procedure. It is true that, for a long period of time, we witnessed resistance against such works. Some scholars claimed that the character of lex fori or lois politiques is not transferable from one country to another. The attempt to use foreign procedural models would have been, then, a misuse of comparative law. As Gottwald (loc. cit, p. 24) very well notices: “If this opinion were true civil procedure would be the only branch of law not open for comparative studies. Just the opposite is true. Since 1950 twelve World Congresses of Procedural Law were organized dealing with nearly all essential subjects and problems of procedural law”.


The best source for a substantial outline of more than twenty jurisdictions is:

International Encyclopaedia of Laws. Civil Procedure. Ed. by Paul Lemmens. Deventer: Kluwer Law and Taxation, 1994-. Loose-leaf. 4 volumes. So far, the following countries are covered: Australia, Austria, Canada, P.R. of China, Denmark, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, India, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Lithuania, Morocco, Peru, Romania, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Uruguay, U.S.A., and Venezuela.  For each country, the authors use a slightly similar structure: delimitation of the subject mater, sources of civil procedure law, judicial organization, the legal profession, the courts, jurisdiction, proceedings, evidence, enforcement of judgments, and arbitration. For each monographic study, there is a bibliography and an index. See the online version of the  IEL Civil Procedure. Updating is done when needed (i.e., when critical changes occur).


Another valuable source, especially from the bibliographic viewpoint, is: Foreign Law: current sources of codes and basic legislation in jurisdictions of the world. Edited by Tom Reynolds and Arthuro Flores. Loose-leaf. Littleton, Colo.: Rothman, 1989-. The  service is updated when needed and covers the following regions and jurisdictions: Andean Community, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Caribbean, Cayman Island, Central America, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Islands, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Latin America, Mexico, Montserrat, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, St. Cristopher-Nevis (St. Kitts), St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Surinam, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Uruguay, and Venezuela (in volume I). Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Ireland, Isle of Man, Italy, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia (in volumes II, II-A, and II-B). Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, People’s Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somali Republic, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe (in volume III). Afghanistan,, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, China People’s Republic, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Republic of (South Korea), Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Vietnam (in volume II-A). The service can be used for updating information, as there is also an online version. Civil Procedure topics are covered for each country under the following headings: Civil Procedure, Administration of Justice, Evidence, and Conflict of Laws. The authors provide citation to codes, official gazettes, statutory instruments, and regulatory material, in the vernacular and, when available, in English or French translations.

3.1. Argentina

Primary Sources
Codigo de prociedimento civil y commercial anotado con jurisprudencia. Buenos Aires: Errapar, 2004.


Codigo procesal civil y comercial de la nacion : Ley 17.454, texto ordenado por Decreto 1042/1981 : leyes complementarias acordadas y reso luciones actualizadas.  39 ed. Buenos Aires : Abeledo Perrot, 2011.


Commentario al Codigo procesal civil y comercial de la nacion y leyes complementarias. Buenos Aires: Abeledo Perrot, 1998. 2 volumes. Commentaries by Enrique M. Falcon.

Secondary  Sources
De Santo, V. El Proceso Civil. 3 vols. Buenos Aires: Editorial Universidad, 1982-. Updated  1984.

Frondizi, Roman Julio. La sentencia civil: tema y variaciones. La Plata: Libreria Editorial Platense, 1994.  Civil Judgments in Argentina.


Morello, Augusto Mario. Lectura procesal de temas sustanciales. La Plata: Libreria Editora Platense, 2000.

3.2. Australia


Primary  Sources
Australian Current Law. Legislation. Monthly with annual updates. Butterworths, 1991-.



Secondary Sources
Bamford, David et al. Principles of Civil Litigation. Sydney: Lawbook Co., 2010.


Cairns, Bernard. Australian Civil Procedure. 7th ed. North Ryde, NSW: LBC Information Services, 2007.

Expert Evidence: Law, Practice, Procedure, and Advocacy. 3rd. ed. Ian R Freckelton and Hugh Selby, Editors. Pyrmont, Lawbook Co., 2005


3.3. Austria


Primary  Sources
Das Osterreichische Recht. Wien: Osterreichischer Gewerbeverlag, 1948-. Loose-leaf. 9 volumes. Official compilation of Austrian law. Monthly updates.

Fine Kommentar. Zivilgerichtliches Verfahren. Wien: Orac, 2000.
Forms and commentaries in Execution (Law) and Bankruptcy.

Rechberger, Walter Hans. Grundriss des osterreichischen Zivilprozessrechts: Erkenntnisverfahren. 6, erg. Aufl.  Wien: Manz, 2003.


Zivilprozessgesetze: EGJN, JN, EGZPO, ZPO, MRK, B-VG, Nebengesetze. Wien: Manz, 1998. Illustrates the law as per January 20 1998.

Zivilgerichtliches Verfahren. Wien, Orac: 1983-. („Kodex des osterreichischen Rechts“). Published by LexisNexis from 2005 on.


Secondary Sources

Rechberger, Walter H. Civil Procedure in Austria. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2011.


3.4. Belgium


Primary Sources

Les Codes Belges. 33e ed. Bruxelles: Etablissements Emile Bruylant, 1975-. Looseleaf.
Vol. 1, Code Judiciaire, part 4: De la procédure civile. Updated three times a year.

Code judiciare: principales conventions internationals en matière de procedure civile et dispositions de droit judiciare contenues dans des texts particuliers. 8e ed. Alphonse Kohl et Guy Block, éditeurs. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2012.


Secondary Sources

Fettweiss, A. Manuel de procédure civile. 2e ed. Liège: Faculté de droit de Liège, 1987.

Traité élémentaire de droit judiciaire privé.  La procédure civile. Ed. By Pierre Rouard. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 1973-. Annual.

3.5. Brazil


Primary Sources

Codigo de processo civil interpretado. Antonio Carlos Marcato, coordinator. Sao Paolo: Editora Atlas, 2005.


Secondary Sources

Fux, Luiz et al. O novo processo civil brasileiro: direito em expectativa. Rio de Janeiro: GEN, Editore Forense, 2011. About the project of a new code of civil procedure.


Komatsu, Roque. Da invalidade no processo civil. Sao Paolo: Revista dos Tribunais, 1991. Nullity in Brazilian civil procedure.


Marchetto, Patricia Borba. Direito processual civil: alteracoes do Codigo de processo civil. Sao Paolo: Editora Juarez de Oliveira, 2009.


Teishner, Jose Maria Rosa and Mariangela Guerreiro Milhoranza. Estudos sobre as refomas do Codigo de processo civil. Porto Alegre: HS Editora, 2009.


3.6. Canada


Primary  Sources
Acts of the Parliament of Canada. Ottawa: Queen's Printer and Controller of Stationary, 1951-.

Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, 1985. Updated by supplements.

Canadian Current Law. Legislation. Agincourt, Ont.: Carswell Legal Publications, 1990-.
Eight times a year with annual cumulation.

LEXIS. CANADA--CANLEG. CODES--CANLEG. INTLAW--CANLEG. Consolidated statutes and consolidated regulations in the same file. They are also available as separate files: CANADA--CANSTA. CODES--CANSTA. INTLAW--CANSTA. CANADA--CANREG. CODES--CANREG. INTLAW--CANREG.


Secondary Sources

Abrams, Linda and Kevin P. McGuinness. Canadian Civil Procedure Law. Markham, Ont.: LexisNexis, 2010.

Advocate's Quarterly ("A Canadian journal for the practitioners of civil litigation"). Agincourt, Ont.: Canada Law Book, 1977- Quarterly.

Canadian Institute for the Administration of Justice. The Judiciary as Third Branch of Government.  Quebec: Themis, 2000. In French and English.


The Canadian Institute's 2nd annual advanced forum on civil procedure & evidence.  Toronto: Canadian Institute (1985- ). This is an irregular publication by the well-respected Canadian Institute


Civil Courts in Canada. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada, 1985. Text in English and French.

The Civil Litigation Process: Cases and Materials.  Ed. by Janet Walker and Garry D. Watson. 6th edition. Toronto: Edmond Montgomery Publications, 2005.

Preparation and Presentation of a Civil Action. Ed. by Roger E Salhany. Toronto: Butterworths, 2000.


Gall, G. The Canadian Legal System. 4th edition. Toronto: Carswell, 2004.

Van Kessel, Robert J. Summary Judgements and dispositions before trial. Toronto:  Butterworths, 2002.


Walker, Janet, General Editor. The Civil Litigation Process. Cases and Materials. Sixth edition. Toronto: Edmond Montgomery, 2005.



Primary Sources



Primary Sources

LEXIS. CANADA--BCLEG. CODES--BCLEG. INTLAW--BCLEG. Consolidated statutes with the regulations in the same file. They are also available as separate files: CANADA--BCSTA. CODES--BCSTA. INTLAW--BCSTA. CANADA--BCREG. CODES--BCREG. INTLAW--BCREG.



Primary Sources

LEXIS. CANADA--ONTLEG. CODES--ONTLEG. INTLAW--ONTLEG. Consolidated statutes and consolidated regulations in the same file. They are also available as separate files: CANADA--ONTSTA. CODES--ONTSTA. INTLAW--ONTSTA. CANADA--ONTREG. CODES--ONTREG. INTLAW--ONTREG.


Secondary Sources

Ontario Civil Practice. Toronto, Ontario: Carswell, 1990-. Annual. Contains text of Courts of Justice Act, Rules and Forms, in addition to commentary and case notes.

Primary Sources

Code de Procédure Civile de Québec. Montreal: Wilson & Lafleur, 1985-. Loose-leaf. Text in French and English.

Code de Procédure Civile=Code of Civil Procedure. Cowansville, Quebec: Editions Y. Blais, 1997-. Text in French and English. Supplements updating the main volume.

Code de Procédure Civile=Code of Civil Procedure, Montréal: Editions Themis, 1990-. Bilingual. Annual.


Civil Code of Québec. Québec: Québec Official Publisher, 1991. Book Seven, Evidence, sec. 2803-. Book Ten, Private International Law, sec. 3076-.

3.7. Central and Eastern Europe


Primary Sources
Central and Eastern European Legal Materials. Ed. By V. Pechota. Ardsley-on-Hudson, NY: Transnational Juris Publications, 1990-. Loose-leaf. Covers all the former socialist republics. Fine English translations of legislation in force.

WESTLAW. INT-EEURROPE. Selected commercial laws and regulations (in English).


LEXIS. INTLAW has country by country coverage. Not always full text of laws is available.


3.8. Chile


Primary Sources
Codigo de procedimiento civil. 9th edition. Santiago: LexisNexis 2009. Official edition approved by the Ministry of Justice, with index and jurisprudence.


Codigo de procedimiento civil. 11th edition. Santiago: Abelado Perrot, 2011.


Codigo de procedimiento civil: concordancias, historia de la ley, jurisprudencia, notas explicativas e indice tematico. Elaboradas, corregidas y actualizadas por los profesores Gonzalo Cortez Matcovich, Diego Hernandez de Lamotte, directores. Santiago: Abelado Perrot, 2012.

Secondary Source

Diaz Uribe, Claudio. Curso de derecho procesal civil. Santiago: Editorial ConoSur: LexisNexis, 2004. Two volumes.


Schopf, Adrián.; García, William. La responsabilidad extracontractual en la jurisprudencia. Santiago: Lexis Nexis, 2007.


3.9. Czech Republic


Primary Sources
Civil Procedure Code = Obcansky soudni rad. Prague: Trade Links, 1999. Bilingual edition.

Obcansky soudni rad: pravni stav k 1. Lednu 2001. Praha: Beck, 2000. Text in Czech.

3.10. Denmark


Primary Sources

Denmark Karnovs lovsamling. København : Karnov, 1978- . This is the official running compilation of Danish Laws and Codes.

Secondary Sources

Gomard, Bernhard. Civilprocessen. Kobenhavn: Gad Jura, 2000. Fifth edition of a much respected Danish book covering all the aspects of the law on civil procedure and the courts.


Schultz-Lorentzen, Nina. Civilret. 6th ed. Copenhagen: Greens Jura, 2002. In Danish. Special emphasis on Damages and Contracts.


Werlauff, Erik. Civil Procedure in Denmark. 2nd revised edition. Copenhagen: DJOF; Norwell: Kluwer International, 2010. This book has been originally published as a monograph in the International Encyclopaedia of Laws.


3.11. Ecuador


Primary  Sources

Codigo de procedimiento civil: legislacion conexa. 7ma ed. Quito: Corporacion de Estudios y Publicaciones, 2001

Secondary Sources
Troya Cevallos, J.A. Elementos de derecho procesal civil: doctrina, legislacion y jurisprudencia ecuatorianas, legislacion comparada. 2 vols. Quito: Universidad Catolica, 1978.

3.12. El Salvador


Primary Sources
Codigo civil; Codigo de procedimientos civiles. San Salvador: Editorial Lis, 2001. Updated by supplements.

Nuevo Codigo procesal civil y mercantil : incluye exposicion de motivos, reformas incorporadas y disposiciones complementarias. Ricardo Mendoza Orantes, compilator. 4a ed. San Salvador : Editorial Juridica Salvadorena, 2010.


Recopilacion de leyes civiles: Constitucion, Codigos de familia, civil, procedimientos civiles, Ley procesal de familia, leyes notariales y leyes afines. 19a ed. San Salvador: Editorial Juridica Salvadoreana, 2001.

3.13. European Union


Primary Sources

Depository libraries for EC/EU materials receive the Official Journal, L and C Series, the COM documents, and other print and Internet resources.


LEXIS. EURCOM--JOCE. Journal officiel in French.

EURCOM--LEGIS. Legislation from the official CELEX database.

EURCOM--PREP. Preparatory legislative texts, etc.

EURCOM--ECLAW. Combines LEGIS, PREP and other files.

Butterworths European Court Practice. London Butterworths, 1993.


Contentieux Communautaire. Jean Boulois et al. editors. Paris: Dalloz, 2001.


European Civil Practice. A. Layton and Hugh Mercer, General Editors. 2nd ed. London: Thomson/Sweet & Maxwell, 2004. Excellent source with commentaries including the Brussels-Lugano regime.


EU-Zivilprozessrecht: EuGVVO, AVAG, VTVO, MahnVO, BagatelVO, HZU, EuZVO, HBU, EuBVO: Kommentar erlautert von Peter F. Schlosser. Munchen: Beck, 2009. Third revised edition of a very fine commentary on civil procedure and conflict of laws in the EU.


Secondary Sources
Access to justice and the judiciary: towards new European standards of affordability, quality and efficiency of civil adjudication. Editors A. Uzelac and C. H. van Rhee. Antwerp; Portland: Intersentia, 2009. These are the collected papers of the Third Dubrovnik Course on Public and Private Justice, May 2008.


Cumming, George. Civil Procedure Used for Enforcement of EC Competition Law by English, French and German Courts. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer International, 2007. Very comprehensive and compact.


Cumming, George, Dr. Merger decisions and the rules of procedure of the European Community Courts. Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International, 2012.


Delicostopoulos, Ioannis S. Le procés civil à l'épreuve du droit processuel européen. Paris: L.G.D.J., 2003. Doctoral thesis.

Diritto privato europeo e categorie civilistiche. Ed. by Nicolo Lipari. Napoli: Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 1998.

Edel, Frederic. The Length of Civil and Criminal Proceedings in the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights. 2nd ed. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publications, 2007.


Enforcement and enforceability: Tradition and Reform. C. H. van Rhee, A. Uzelac, editors. Antwerp; Portland: Intersentia, 2010.


European Traditions in Civil Procedure. Ed. By C. H. van Rhee. Antwerpen: Intersentia, 2005. Explores the main trends in several European jurisdictions during the 19th and 20th centuries.


Formularbuch zum europäischen und internationalen Zivilprozessrecht. Bearbeitet von Peter-Andreas Brand et al.  Munchen: Beck, 2011.


Grolimund, Pascal. Drittstaatenproblematik des europaischen Zivilverfahrensrechts. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2000.

Giustizia senza confine: studi offerti a Federico Carpi. Bologna: Bononia University, 2012.


Hess, Burkhard. Europäisches Zivilprozessrecht: ein Lehrbuch.  Heildelberg: Muller, 2010. Fine manual.


International Litigation Procedure. London:  The European Law Centre at Sweet & Maxwell, 1990-. Six times a year.

Lipari, Nicolo. Diritto privato europeo. Padova: CEDAM, 1997. 2 vols. Proceedings of a conference held in Rome, May 9-10, 1997.

Loic, Cadiet et al. Droit processuel civil de l’Union européenne. Paris : LexisNexis, 2011.


Rapprochement du droit judiciare de l’Union européenne/Approximation of Judiciary in the European Union. Ed. By Storme, Michael and Huss, A. Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff, 1994.

Rauscher, Thomas. Internationales Privatrecht: mit internationalem und europäischem Verfahrensrecht. Heildelberg: C. F. Muller Verlag, 2009.  Third revised edition of a solid work on conflicts of law in Germany and the European Union.


Sepperer, Sophia. Der Rechtskrafteinwand in den Mitgliedstaaten der EuGVO. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010. Doctoral thesis.


Snijders, Henricus Joseph and Margreet de Boer. Access to civil procedure abroad. Munchen: C. H. Beck; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1996.

Storskrubb, Eva. Civil Procedure and EU Law: a policy area uncovered. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.


3.14. France


Primary Sources
Code de procédure civile. Ed. by Lois Cadiet. Edition 2010. Paris: LexisNexis/Litec, 2012. Annual.


Nouveau code de procédure civile: Code de procédure civile, Code de l’organisation judiciare, voies d’execution. 99e ed. Paris: Dalloz, 2008. Irregular. Text of the code, jurisprudence, and annotations by Serge Guinchard.


Couchez, Gérard. Procédure civile. 11e ed. rev. Paris: Dalloz, 2000.

France, Nicolas Brooke. The French Code of Civil Procedure in English. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2009. This 2009 edition reflects the changes made to the Code since June 2007.


Repertoire de procédure civile. 2e ed. Paris: Dalloz, 1978-. Loose-leaf.


The French Code of Civil Procedure in English. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana, 2004-. Unique running edition of the French Code of Civil Proceeding in English. Annual.

Journal officiel beginning with Dec. 1955 (in French).


All of the Codes officiels as published in the Journal officiel (in French).


Secondary Sources

Bléry, Corinne. L’efficacité substantielle des jugements civils. Paris: L.G.D.J., 2000. Civil judgments in France.

Bore, Jacques et Louis Bore. La cassation en matière civile. 3e ed. Paris: Dalloz, 2003. Detailed, thorough approach of apellate procedure in France.

Cadiet, Loic and  Emmanuel Jouland. Droit judiciaire prive. 7e edition. Paris: LexisNexis/Litec, 2011.


Cadiet, Loic, et al. Théorie générale du procès.  Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2010.


Cadiet, Loic, Ed. Director. Médiation et arbitrage.  Paris: LexisNexis/Litec, 2005.


Dadomo, C. and Farran, S. The French Legal System. 2nd edition. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1996.

David, R. and de Vries, H. The French Legal System: An Introduction to Civil Law Systems. New York: Oceana, 1958. Classic work.

Doing Business in France. New York: Matthew Bender, 1983-. Loose-leaf. Chapter 19: Dispute Settlement (courts and arbitration).

Droit et économie du procès civil. Sous la direction de Dany Cohen. Paris : L.G.D.J., 2010.


Droit judiciaire privé. 4th ed. Paris: LexisNexis/Litec, 2004. Conflicts and distribution of justice in France.


Droit et pratique de la cassation en matière civile. 2ème ed. Paris: Litec, 2003. This is a very practical approach of the appellate procedure in France.

Droit et pratique de la procédure civile. 3d ed. Serge Guinchard, Ed. Paris: Dalloz, 2002. Law and practice in civil procedure, by one of the most respected French specialists.


Gallet, Jean-Louis. La procédure civile devant la cour d'appel. Paris: Litec, 2003. Practical approach in a series dedicated to the law firms.

Garapon, Antoine. Bien juger. Essai sur le ritual judiciaire. Paris : Odile Jacob, 2001.


La Procédure en tous ses états: mélanges en l’honneur de Jean Buffet. Paris: Petites affiches, 2004. This Festchrift contains remarkable treatises on several aspects of the French civil procedure.


Larguier, Jean. Procédure civile: droit judiciaire privé. 17e ed. Paris; Dalloz, 2000. Outline of French civil procedure in conflict of laws.

Lefort, Cristophe. Procédure civile. 2nd ed. Paris: Dalloz, 2007. Excellent manual in the series Cours Dalloz.


Miniato, Lionel. Le principe du contradictoire en droit processuel. Paris : L.G.D.J., 2008. Doctoral thesis dealing mainly with actions and defences.


Perrot, R. Institutions judiciaires. 3d ed. Paris: Montchrestien, 1989.


Pinsseau, H. L'Organisation judiciaire de la France. Paris: Documentation Francaise, 1985.

Vincent, J., et al. La Justice et ses institutions. 4th ed. Paris: Dalloz, 1996.


3.15. Germany


Primary Sources

The German Code Commercial Code & Code of Civil Procedure, in English. Translated from German by Charles E. Stewart. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.: Oceana Publications, 2001.

Albers, Jan (Baumbach, Adolf et al.). Zivilprozessordnung: mit Gerrichtsverfassungsgesetz und anderen Nebengesetzen. 61 Aufl. Munchen: Beck (Beck'sche Kurz-Kommentare). Annual.

Musialek, Hans-Joachim. Grundkurs ZPO: eine Darstellung zur Vermittlung von Grundlagenwissen im Zivilprozessrecht. 5., neubearbeite Aufl. Munchen: Beck, 2000. Handy textbook.


Paulus, Cristoph G. Zivilprozessrecht: Erkenntnisverfahren und Zwangsvollstreckung. 2., aktualisierte Aufl. Berlin; New York: Springer Verlag, 2000.

Stein - Jonas. Kommentar zur Zivilprozessordnung. 20 Aufl. Tubingen: Mohr, 1977-. 10 vols. Set completed in 1993. Includes full text of the German Code of Civil Procedure.

Secondary Sources
Archiv fur die civilistische Praxis. Tubingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 1818-. Six issues a year.

Baur, F. and Walter, G. Einfuhrung in das Recht der Bundesrepublik  Deutschland. 6 Auflage. Munchen: C. H. Beck, 1992.

Einführung in das Zivilrecht : einschliesslich BGB - allgemeiner Teil / von Dieter Schwab. Heidelberg : C.F. Müller Jur. Verlag, 1997. Good introductory work.


Entscheidungen des Bundesgerichtshofes in Zivilsachen. Koln: C. Heymann, 1991-. Updated annually (three volumes per year). Case law.

Goebel, Joachim. Rechtssprache un kreativer Dissens. Berlin: Dunker & Humblot, 2001. Emphasis on Discovery in the German Civil Procedure.

Fraga Novelle, Ana Maria. Die Wirkungen der Beschlusse im Zivilprozesstrecht. Berlin: Dunker & Humblot, 2000. Doctoral thesis focusing on Judgments.

Gottwald, Peter. Zivilprozessrecht. Munchen: Beck, 2010. 17th edition.


Graef, Ralph Oliver. Judicial Activism in Civil Proceedings: A Comparison between English and German Civil Procedural Approaches. Sinzheim: Pro Universitate Verlag, 1996.

Hess, Burkhard. Zivilprozessrecht: ein Studienbuch. Munchen: Beck, 2010. 30th edition.


Jauernig, Othmar. Zivilprozessrecht: ein Studienbuch. 24 Aufl. Munchen: Beck, 2003.


Murray, Peter L. German Civil Justice. Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2004. The book is intended to be an entry-level treatise for English-speakers law academics, students, and lawyers.


Koch, Harald. Civil Procedure in Germany. Munchen: Beck; Boston: Kluwer Law International, 1998. Compact, handy introduction to the German Civil Procedure.

Rauscher, Thomas. Internationales Privatrecht: mit internationalem und europaischem Verfahrensrecht. Heidelberg: C.F. Muller Verlag, 2009.


Rogoz, Thomas. Auslandiches Recht im deutschen und englischen Zivilprozess. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008. Thesis.


Rutzel, Stefan. Commercial Dispute Resolution in Germany: Litigation, Arbitration, Mediation. Munchen: Beck, 2005. Published in the series German Law Accessible, the volumeincludes excerpts of the Code of civil procedure, the Judicature Act, and the Acts of the Implementation of the Hague Conventions. Statutory and regulatory materials are in German and English, in parallel columns.


Seibl, Maximilian. Die Beweistlas bei Kollisionsnormen. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009. Thesis on burden of proof, conflicts, judgments and Non liquet in German law.


Zeitschrift fur Zivilprozessrecht. Koln: Heymann, 1950-. Quarterly.


ZZP  Int Zeitschrift fur Zivilprozess. Internationalen Zivilprozessrechts.  Koln: Carl Heymann Verlag, 1996-. Annual.


3.16. Great Britain


Primary Sources

Civil Procedure rules: practice directions, pre-action protocols and forms. London: The Stationery Office, 2000-. Loose-leaf. 3 volumes + 1 computer optical disc.

The Civil Court Practice. London: Butterworths, 1999-. Annual volume kept up to date between editions by supplements and volumes of forms. Also known as "Green book".

Civil Procedure: the civil procedure rules, 1999. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1999. "A White Book Service".

Halsbury's Laws of England: Current Service. London: Butterworths, 1973-. Loose-leaf updated by monthly supplements.

The Supreme Court Practice. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1994-. Main volumes and cumulative supplements.

A companion to this service is: Civil Procedure. Forms volumes. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2002-

LEXIS. ENGGEN--STATIS. UK--STATIS. CODES--UKCODE. INTLAW--ENGLAW Current General Public Acts and Statutory Instruments of England and Wales.


Secondary Sources
Andrews, Neil. English Civil Procedure: Fundamentals of the New Civil Justice System. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Very comprehensive, up-to-date approach. Covers England and Wales.


Andrews, Neil. The modern civil process: judicial and alternative forms of dispute resolution in England, Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2008.


Andrews, Neil. The Three Paths of Justice: Court Proceedings, Arbitration, and Mediation in England. Dordrecht; New York: Springer, 2012.


Clore, Johnatan. Civil Litigation. (London Guildhall-Cavendish legal practice course companion). London: Cavendish, 1998.

Dwyer, Deirdre. The Civil Procedure Rules ten years on. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.


Foskett, David. Settlement Under the Civil Procedure Rules. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1999. Handbook.

Goulding, Simon. Odgers on Civil Court Actions. 24th edition. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1996. (This is a revised edition of Odgers on High Court Pleading and Practice).

Grainger, Ian et al. The civil procedure rules in action. 2nd ed. London: Cavendish Pub., 2000.

Greene, David. The new civil procedure rules. London: Butterworths, 1999.


Hall, Robert et al. A Practical Guide to Civil Litigation. 2nd ed. Bristol: Jordans, 2005. Main focus on actions and defenses.


Halsbury's Laws of England. 4th edition. Kept up to date by current service bulletins and cumulative supplements. Legal encyclopedia. London: Butterworths, 1974-

Jacob, J.I.H. The Fabric of English Civil Justice. London: Stevens& Sons, 1987.

James, Michael. Litigation with a foreign aspect: a practical guide. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.


Jolowicz, J. A. On Civil Procedure. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Leabeater, James et al. Civil Appeals: Principle and Procedure. London: Sweet & Maxwell: Thomson Reuters, 2010.


Martin Partington. An introduction to the English legal system. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 (Chapters on civil procedure in the High Court).

O’Hare, John. Civil Litigation. 13th ed. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2007. Focus on action and defenses.


The Reform of Civil Procedure: Essays on "Access to Justice". Ed. by A. Zuckermann and R. Cranston, New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Sime, Stuart. A Practical Approach to Civil Procedure. 8th edition. London: Blackstone, 2005.

Zander, Michael. Cases and Materials on the English Legal System. 6th  edition. London: Weindelfeld and Nicolson, 1992.


Zuckerman, A.  Civil Procedure. London: LexisNexis, 2003.

Zuckerman, A. Zuckerman on Civil Procedure : Principles of Practice. 2nd ed. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2006.

3.17. Hong Kong

Primary Sources

Halsbury’s Laws of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Butterworths, 1995-. Updated annually. Volume 5 contains the Code of Civil Procedure. Volume 5 deals with the organization of the court, the court system, and conflicts of laws.


Hong Kong Civil Procedure. Annual. Hong Kong: Sweet & Maxwell Asia, 2007-. Updated by Cumulative supplements and the Hong Kong Civil Procedure News.


WESTLAW for Law Schools. Hong Kong Civil Procedure (Hong Kong White Book) 2007-.


Secondary Sources

Cameron, Camille.  Principles and practice of civil procedure in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Sweet & Maxwell Asia, 2001.

Camperell-Moffat, Audrey. Magistrate’s Court Manual. Hong Kong: Sweet & Maxwell Asia, 2003


Civil Justice Reform: Final Report. Hong Kong: Governmental Logistics Department, 2004. Elaborated by the Chef Justice’s Working Party on Civil Justice Reform, this 2 volume collection of documents is a very valuable resource.


Rapinet, Crispin. Civil litigation. 3rd ed. Hong Kong: Sweet & Maxwell Asia, 2002.


Wilkinson, Michael. The Student Guide to Civil Procedure in Hong Kong. Hong Kong: LexisNexis, 2002.

3.18. India


Primary Sources

Current Indian Statutes. Chandigarh: Punjab Law Reporter, 1948-. Annual. 


Secondary Sources

Bakshi, P. M. Mulla on the Code of Civil Procedure: Act V of 1908. 15th ed. Bombay: Tripathi, 1995-1997. Very fine Commentary in three volumes with a Supplement from 1999.

Sarvaria, Snigdha. Mulla on the Code of Civil Procedure. 4 volumes. New Delhi: LexisNexis Butterworths, 2007. 17th edition of this fine Commentary.

Dembowsky, Hans. Taking the State to Court. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. Deals mainly with civil procedure in the field of citizen suits.


3.19. Israel        


Primary Sources

Civil Law Procedure Regulations: 5744-1984. 7th ed. Haifa: A.G. Publications, 2005.

Secondary Sources

Class Actions: Procedural regulations and Law Provisions Excerpted from Specific Enactments. Haifa: A. G. Publications, 1997.


Zemach, Yaacov S. The Judiciary of Israel. 2nd ed.  Telaviv: The Institute of Judicial Training for Judges in Israel, 1998.


3.20. Italy


Primary Sources
Arieta, Giovanni. Tratatto di diritto procesuale civile. 2a ed. Padova: CEDAM, 2010-.


Codice civile e procedura civile e leggi complementari 2011. A cura di Vincenzo Cuffaro, Bruno Sassani. Milano: Giuffre, 2011. 

Codice della mediazione, conciliazione, arbitrato. A cura di Angelo Castagnola, Francesco Delfini, Stefano Rubiu. Torino: Giappichelli, 2012.


Codice di procedura civile. A cura di Francesco Pao;o Nicita, Bruno Sassani; redazione, Andrea Panzarola. 5. ed. Milano: Giuffre, 2010.


Codice di procedura civile: annotato con la giurisprudenza. Giovanni Novelli; Stefano Petitti, editori. 4a ed. aggiornata al 2008. Milano: Giuffre, 2008.


Codice di procedura civile e norme complementari. Elio Fazzalari; Luiso Francesco Paolo, editori. 14a ed. Aggiornata. Milano: Giuffre, 2010.  Annual.

Codice di procedura civile: con il commento della giurisprudenza della Cassazione: 17a ed. Ed. Mario Battaglini. Milano: Giuffre, 2012.

Codice di procedura civile: annotato con la giurisprudenza. Ed. Franco Cipriani and Giampiero Balena. Napoli: Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 1999.

Grossi, Simona and Maria Cristina Pagni. Commentary on the Italian code of civil procedure. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010. Includes English translation of the Italian Code of civil procedure, Books I-IV (pp. 87-534).


Formulario annotato del codice di procedura civile. Sergio Menchini;  Nappi Pasquali;  Donatella Bonauiuti;  Alessio Zaccaria;  Giorgio Cian;  Alberto Trabucchi, Editori. 3a ed. Padova: Cedam, 2004.

Le leggi complementari al Codice di procedura civile: annotate con la giurisprudenza. 3a ed. Ed. by Mario Battaglini and Stefano Petitti. Milano: Giuffre: 2006.

Mandrioli, Crisanto. Diritto processuale civile. 21. ed. 4 volumes. Torino: Giappichelli, 2011.

Mosconi, Franco. Diritto internazionale privato e processuale.  5a ed. Torino: UTET,  2010-.


Montesano, Luigi. Trattato di diritto processuale civile. Padova: CEDAM, 2001-. Essential treatise, multi-volume set covering all the aspects of civil procedure in Italy.

Satta, Salvatore. Diritto processuale civile. Ed. by Carmine Punzi. Appendice di aggiornamento alla13a ed. Padova: CEDAM, 2007. A classic Italian textbook.

Trabucchi, Alberto. Istituzioni di diritto civile. 44a ed. Aggiornata con le riforme e la giurisprudenza. Padova: CEDAM, 2009.

Secondary Sources
Amirante, Francesco. La cassazione civile. 2 volumes. Torino: UTET, 1998. Civil procedures practice of the Italian highest court.


Barreca, Lino. La pubblica amministrazione parte nel processo civile: manuale teorico pratico del processo civile di cognizione in cui e parte la  P. A. Milano: Giuffre, 1994.

Bellagamba, Gianni. I procedimenti cautelari e possessori: rassegna della giurisprudenza sulla nuova disciplina. 2a ed. Milano: Giuffre, 1999.


Calamandrei, Piero. Procedure and Democracy. New York: New York University Press, 1956.

Caretti, Paolo, and Ugo De Siervo. Istituzioni di diritto pubblico. 10a ed. Torino: G. Giappichelli, 2010.

Cappelletti, M. and Perillo, J. Civil Procedure in Italy. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1965. A classic in the field.

Cappelletti, M., Merryman, J. and Perillo, J. The Italian Legal System: An  Introduction. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1967. Like the previous, this is an excellent book for the English speaker.

Caputo, Eduardo. La nuova normativa sul processo civile: commenti agli  articoli del codice modificati dalle leggi 353/90 e 374/91. 3.ed. Padova: CEDAM, 2000.

Carpi, Federico et al. Commentario breve al Codice di procedura civile. 6a ed. Padova: CEDAM, 2008.

Celeste, Alberto. Il novo procedimento cautelare civile: commentario breve con giurisprudenza, 2010. Milano: Giuffre, 2010. Emphasis on pre-trial procedure in Italy.


Cipriani, Franco et al. La riforma del giudizio de cassazione. Padova: CEDAM, 2009.


Certoma, G.L. The Italian Legal System. London: Butterworths, 1985. Chapter 6: The Resolution of Disputes: Civil, Criminal, and Administrative Procedure.

Comoglio, Luigi Paolo et al. Lezioni sul processo civile.  5. ed. Bologna: Mulino, 2011. Comprehensive two volume set.

Consolo, Claudio. Nuovi problemi di diritto processuale civile internazionale. Milano: Giuffre, 2002.

Consolo, Claudio et al. Commentario alla riforma del processo civile.  Milano: Giuffre, 1996.

De Angelis, Claudio. Processo civile e processo penale: diritto “interprocessuale”. Torino: UTET giuridica, 2009.


De Stefano, Franco. L’istruzione della causa nel nuovo processo civile. Padova: CEDAM, 1999.

Giarrusso, Sabino. Manuale pratico del giudice di pace: I principi e la tecnica del processo di cognizione. 2a ed. Padova: CEDAM, 2002. 2 volumes. Deals with justices of peace and courts of first instance.


Grasselli, Giorgio. L’istruzione probatoria nel processo civile. Padova: CEDAM, 2009.


Giustizia civile. Milano: Giuffre, 1953-. Monthly.

Guarnieri, Carlo. La democrazia giudiziaria. Bologna: Il Mulino, 1997.


I Progetti di Riforma del Processo Civile (1866-1935). G. Tarzia and B. Cavallone, eds. Universita di Milano. Istituto di Diritto Processuale  Civile; 11. Milano: Giuffre, 1989. Collected legislative history.


Il sistema italiano di diritto internazionale privato: rassegna della giurisprudenza. Gianni Bellagamba e Giuseppe Cariti, editori. Milano: Giuffre, 2000. Conflict of laws and the courts. Commented giurisprudence.


Il progetto di riforma organica del processo civile: atti del Convegno nazionale organizzato della Camera civile: Milano, 18-19 Aprile 1997. Milano: Giuffre, 1998.

Italian Yearbook of Civil Procedure. Milano: Giuffre, 1991-.

Istituzioni di diritto pubblico. 8. Paolo Barile; Enzo Cheli;  Stefano Grassi, Editori. Padova: CEDAM, 1998


Language and rules of Italian private law : an introduction / Giovanni Iudica; Paolo Zatti; John Funck; Stefano Liebman; Alberto Monti, Editori. Padova: CEDAM, 2005.


Le riforme della giustizia civile. 2a ed. Torino: UTET, 2000.  Collected legal essays on the reformation of the Italian Civil Procedure.

Lugo, Andrea. Manuale di diritto processuale civile. 16a ed. aggiornata al 31 marzo 2006 con tutte le leggi di riforma.  Ed. Claudio De Angelis. Milano: Giuffre, 2006. Solid university textbook.

Luiso, Francesco Paolo. Diritto processuale civile. 2a ed. Milano: Giuffre, 1999. 4 volumes.

Mandrioli, Crisanto. Corso di diritto processuale civile. 10a ed. v.1. Nozioni introductive e disposizioni generali--v.2. Il processo di cognizione. Torino: Giappichelli, 1995-. Updated upon changes in the law.

Molfese, Giuseppe.Ricorso e controricorso per Cassazione in materia civile. Padova: CEDAM, 2001. Appellate procedure in civil matters at the highest court.


Monteleone, Girolamo Alessandro. Diritto processuale civile. 2a ed.
Padova: CEDAM, 2000.

Montesano, Luigi. Diritto processuale civile. Ea ed. Torino: Giappichelli, 1999-2000. 4 volumes.

Pizzorusso, Alessandro, Editor. Italian Studies in Law. 2 vols. Dordrecht: Nijhoff, 1992-1994.


Pizzorusso, A. L'organizzazione della giustizia in Italia: la magistratura nel sistema politico e istituzionale. Torino: Einaudi, 1990. Still a very useful and authoritative overview on the organization and function of the courts.

Pocar, Fausto. Il nuovo diritto internazionale privato italiano. Milano: Giuffre, 1997.


Punzi, Carmine. Il processo civile: sistema e problematiche. Torino : Giappichelli, 2008.

The Reforms of Civil Procedure in Comparative Perspective: an international conference dedicated to Mauro Cappelletti, Florence, 12-13 December, 2003. Trocker, Nicolò.; Varano, Vincenzo, Editori. Torino : G. Giappichelli, 2005


Rivello, Pier Paolo. Il giudice unico nel processo civile e penale. Torino: UTET, 2000.


Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale. Padova: CEDAM 1965-. Quarterly.


Rivista di diritto processuale. Padova: CEDAM, 1946-. Quarterly.


Rivista trimestriale di diritto e procedura civile. Milano: A. Giuffre, 1947-. Quarterly.

Taruffo, Michele. Il vertice ambiguo: saggi sulla cassazione civile. Bologna: Il Mulino, 1991.

Taruffo, Michele. Le riforme della giustizia civile. 2. ed. Padova: CEDAM, 2000


Taruffo, Michele. La Semplice verita. Il giudice e la costruzione dei fatti. Roma : Editori Letarzi, 2009.


Tarzia, G. Lineamenti del nuovo processo civile di cognizione. Ristampa con aggiornamento. Milano: Guiffre, 1996.

Terrusi, Francesco. Il ricorso per Cassazione nel processo civile. Torino: UTET, 2004. Appellate procedure in civil matters at the highest court.


Varano, V. and Pizzorusso, A., eds. L'Influenza dei Valori Costituzionali  Sui Sistemi Giuridici Contemporanei. Studi di Diritto Comparato; 25. Milano: Giuffre Editore, 1985. 2 vols.

3.21. Japan


Primary Sources
EHS Law Bulletin Series. Tokyo: Eibun-Horei-Sha, 1952-. Looseleaf. Vol. II, part L-Z, No. 2300: Civil Procedure Code. This claims to be the official authorized translation of Japanese laws (specialists rather prefer Kitagawa’s version in English)

Minji soshoto (German). Das Japanische Zivilprozessrecht: Zivilprozessgesetz und Zivilprozessverorderung nach der Reform von 1996. Engleitet und ubersetzt von Christopher Heath und Anja Petersen. Tubingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2002.

Secondary Sources
Davis, Joseph, Oda H., and Takaishi, Y. Dispute Resolution in Japan. The  Hague; Cambridge: Kluwer Law International, 1996.

Doing Business in Japan. New York: Matthew Bender, 1980-. Looseleaf.  Edited by Zantaro Kitagawa. Vol. 7, part XIV, chapter 10: Civil Litigation. Known as "Kitagawa" this set offers a legal treatise on the laws of Japan as well as fine translated legislation.

Goodman, Carl F.  Justice and Civil Procedure in Japan. Dobbs Ferry: Oceana Publications, 2004.


Hattori, T. Civil Procedure in Japan. 2nd ed. Ed. by Taniguchi Reich-Miyake. Yonkers, N.Y.: Juris Publications, 2000-. Loose-leaf.


Oda, Hiroshi. Japanese Law. 3rd ed. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

3.22. Korea (South)


Primary Sources

Statutes of the Republic of Korea. Seoul: Korea Legislation Research Institute, 1997-. Loose-leaf.

Song, Sang-hyon. Minsa sosongpop (Law of Korean Civil Procedure) 6th ed. Seul: Pagyongsa, 1999.

3.23. Mexico


Primary Sources

Codigo de procedimientos civiles para el Distrito Federal. Mexico: Editorial Sista, 2001.

Codigo de procedimientos civiles para el Distrito Federal: comentado en cuanto a sus efectos processales, concordato con los codigos adjetivos de los Estados de la Republica Mexicana, con jurisprudencias y ejecutorias relacionadas; Ley organica del Tribunal Superior de Justicia del Distrito Federal. Mexico: Cardenas Editor, 1999. Concordances between the Code of civil procedure and other Mexican codes, commentary and jurisprudence (case law).

Hernandez Fuentes, Raul Benito. Codigo de procedimientos civiles para el Distrito Federal: comentado en cuanto a sus efectos procesales, concordato con los codigos adjetivos de los Estados de la Republica Mexicana, con la jurisprudencias y ejecutorias relacionadas; Ley organica del Tribunal Superior de Justicia del Distrito Federal. Mexico: Cardenas Editor, 1999. A commentary with concordances and cross-references to appropriate jurisprudence.

Ley de amparo: Ley organica del poder judicial de la Federacion y Codigo  federal de procedimientos civiles. Tercera edicion, segunda reimpresion. Mexico: Editorial Pac, 1998.

Ley organica del Tribunal Superior de Justicia del Distrito Federal. 2a ed., corr. y actualizada. Mexico: Tribunal Superior de la Justicia, 1999.

Nueva legislacion de amparo reformada: doctrina, textos y jurisprudencia. Mexico: Editorial Porrua, 1997-. Ongoing service on courts and civil procedure in general.

Perez Palma, Rafael. Guia de derecho procesal civil: comentarios doctrinales jurisprudenciales y pragmaticos articulo por articulo, al Codigo de procedimientos civiles para el Distrito Federal. 9a. ed. Mexico: Cardenas editor, 2001. 2 volumes. This is the most comprehensive commentary and analysis article by article of the Code of civil procedure, with concordances and jurisprudence cross references.


Secondary Sources
Alcala-Zamora y Castillo, Niceto. Proceso, autocomposicion y autodefensa : contribucion al estudio de los fines del proceso. 3. ed. Mexico, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Investigaciones Juridicas, 2000. Doctrinal approach of the trial in civil procedure.

Becerra Bautista, Jose. El processo civil en Mexico. Mexico: Editorial Jus,  1962-. Updated 1996.

Casolungo Mendez, Rene. Guia per el estudio de derecho procesal civil. Mexico: Oxford University Press, 1998. Manual.

Ferrer Mac-Gregor, Eduardo. Juicio de amparo e interes legitimo: la tutela de los derechos difusos y colectivos. 2. ed. Mexico: Editorial Porrua, 2044. Writ and class actions civil procedure.


Gonzales Sosa, Ramiro. Formulario de juicios civiles y mercantiles. Mexico: Oxford University Press, 2000. Manual focusing on civil procedure and commercial law.

Hernandez, Kelley and Alfredo Santiago. Teoria del derecho procesal. 7. ed. Mexico : Editorial Porrua, 2010.


Monarque Urena, Rodolfo and Ivan Novia Cruz. La suspension en el juicio de amparo: planteamiento esquematico. Mexico : Porrua, 2009.


Ramos, Eusebio. Pronuario tematizado: de juicios civiles mercantiles, quiebra y suspension de pagos, formularios, jurisprudencia y tesis sobresalientes. Mexico: Editorial Sista, 1999.

Recursos en materia civil: doctrina, jurisprudencia y pratica fornse. Puebla: OGS Editores, 2002. Appellate procedure. Manual for lawyers.


Silva Silva, Jorge Alberto. Derecho internacional sobre el proceso:  procesos civil y comercial. Mexico: McGraw-Hill, 1997.


Federal laws, regulations, decrees, manuals, etc.


WESTLAW. MEXCODE (English) and CODMEX (Spanish). Civil and Commercial Codes. MEXLAW (English) and LEYMEX (Spanish). Selected commercial laws, codes, decrees, and regulations.

3.24. The Netherlands


Primary Sources
The Netherlands Civil Evidence Act 1988. Deventer; Boston: Kluwer Law and Taxation, 1992.

Secondary Sources
Hooijdonk, Marieke van. And Peter V. Eijsvoogel. Litigation in the Netherlands: civil procedure, arbitration and administrative litigation.  Austin: Wolters Kluwer Law and business, 2009.


Schuit, S.R. Dutch Business Law: Legal, Accounting and Tax Aspects of Doing Business in the Netherlands. 3d ed. Deventer, Netherlands; Boston: Kluwer Law and Taxation Publishers, 1989-. Loose-leaf. Chapter 2: Judicial Structure; Legal and Administrative Proceedings; Arbitration.


Stein, P. A. Compendium van het burgerlijk procesrecht. Deventer : Kluwer, 2004.


3.25. New Zealand


Primary Sources
Reprinted Statutes of New Zealand. Wellington: Government Printer, 1979-. Annual.


Secondary Sources

Beck, Andrew. Principles of civil procedure. Wellington, N.Z.: Brookers, 2001.


3.26. The People’s Republic of China


Primary Sources

The Civil Procedure Law and Court Rules of the People’s Republic of China. Ed. By Wei Lo. Buffalo: W. S. Hein, 2006. Text of laws and court rules in English and Chinese. Includes an English-Chinese glossary of civil procedure terms.

Statutes and Regulations of the People's Republic of China. Hong Kong: University of East Asia Press and Institute of Chinese Law Publishers Ltd., 1987-90. 10 vols. No. 820308, Civil Procedure Law, 1982.

LEXIS. ASIAPC--CHINAL. INTLAWL--CHINAL. WORLD--CHINAL. Selected laws and regulations in English.


Secondary Sources


Brown, Ronald C. Understanding Chinese Courts and Legal Process. The Hague: Kluwer International, 1997.


Chen, A. An Introduction to the Legal System of the People's Republic of China. Singapore: Butterworths Asia, 1992. Civil procedure: chapter 9, pp.  168-75.

Chinese Justice: Civil Dispute Resolution in Contemporary China. Ed. by Margaret Y. K. Woo and Mary E. Gallagher. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.


Chow, Daniel. The Legal System of the People’s Republic of China in a Nutshell. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: West, 203.


Hsu, C.  Stephen, Editor.  Understanding China’s Legal System. Essays in Honor of Jedome A. Cohen. New York: New York University Press, 2003.


Luo, Wei. The civil procedure law and court rules of the People's Republic of China. Buffalo, N.Y. : W. S. Hein, 2006. The best available book in English covering the law and the rules of civil procedure.


Zheng, Henry R. China's Civil and Commercial Law. Singapore; St. Paul: Butterworth's, 1988. Chapter VI: Private International Law, sec. 6.2:  Procedural Law.


3.27. Peru


Primary Sources
Codigo procesal civil: comentado “por los mejores specialistas”. Johan S, Camargo Acosta, coordinator. Arequipa: Editorial Adrus, 2010. 2 volumes.


Codigo procesal civil: texto vigente y antecedentes. Ed. by Eugenia Ariana Deho. Lima: Palestra Editores, 2010. Updated by a CD-ROM.   

Ticona Postigo, Victor L. Analisis y comentarios al Codigo processal civil. 4th ed. Lima: Editorial San Marco, 1998. Refers to the Code of 1984.

Secondary Sources

El proceso civil: problemas fundamentales del proceso. Jesus Cordova Schaefer, editor. Lima: Ediciones Caballero Bustamante, 2011.


Idrogo Delgado, Teofilo. Principios fundamentales de derecho procesal civil. 2nd ed. Trujillo: Marsol, 1999.

3.28. Romania

Primary Sources
Codul civil si Codul de procedura civila: actualizat mai 2011. Editie coordonata de Conf. Univ. Flavius-Antoniu Baias. Editia a 8a revizuita. Bucuresti: Editura C. H. Beck, 2011.


Codul de procedura civila: comentat si adnotat. Bucuresti: ALL Beck, 2001-. Updated when needed.

Codul de procedura civila roman: adnotat: cu trimiteri la articole normative speciale corespondente. Bucuresti, Sigma, 2001. Fine edition of the Code with full annotations and concordances to old legislation and new secondary legislation.

Codul de procedura civila: recursuri in interesul legii, decizii ale Curtii Constitutionale, legi uzuale. Bucuresti: Editura Hamangiu, 2010.


Deleanu, Ion. Tratat de procedura civila. Bucuresti: Editura All Beck, 2005. Basic treatise in two volumes.

Secondary Sources

Culegere de practica judiciara a Tribunalului Bucuresti 1993-1997: dreptul civil, dreptul familiei, dreptul muncii, dreptul procesual civil. Bucuresti: ALL Beck, 1998. Collected jurisprudence of the capital city tribunal.

3.29. Russia and Former Soviet Republics


Primary Sources
Grazhdanskii protsessualnyi kodeks RSFSR: ofitsialnyi tekst po sostoianiiu na fevralia 2001 goda. Moskva: Izd-vo Norma, 2001. This is the official version of the Code in Russian.

Russian civil and arbitrazh procedure. Translated and edited by William E. Butler. London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing, 2012.


Russia and the Republics Legal Materials. Ardsley-on-Hudson, NY: Transnational Juris Publications, 1990-. Russian Federation vol. ** contains Code of Arbitral Procedure, March 5, 1992, which applies to the Court of Arbitration (adjudicates disputes between business entities, as contrasted with the regular civil courts for disputes to which at least one party is non-business). New laws are permanently added.

LEXIS. INTLAW--RUSLEG Selected laws and decrees (in English).

WESTLAW. RUSLINE (English). New laws, regulations, decrees, instructions, reports, and legal announcements.


Secondary Sources
Feldbrugge, F.J.M. Russian Law: The End of the Soviet System and the Role of Law. Dordrecht; Boston: M. Nijhoff, 1993. Sec. 21.4: Civil Procedure and Arbitration, pp. 208-11.

Reforming justice in Russia, 1864-1996: power, culture, and the limits of legal order. Ed. By Solomon, Peter R. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1997.

3.30. South Africa


Primary Sources

The Supreme Court Act and the Magistrates' Courts Act and rules. Cape Town : Juta, 2000-. Annual.


Statutes of the Republic of South Africa, 1910-date. Durban: Butterworth & Co., Ltd., 1967-. Loose-leaf. Vol. 10 includes section on courts and vol. 13 a section on evidence, and each section has a subject index.


Secondary Sources

Herbstein, Joseph and al. The Civil Practice of the Supreme Court of South Africa: Now the High Courts and the Supreme Court of Appeal. 4th ed. Kenwyn: Juta & Co., 1997.


Kelbrick, Roshana. Civil Procedure in South Africa. Austin: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 2010.


3.31. Spain


Primary Sources

Commentarios a la Ley de enjuiciamento civil: cinco anos de vigecia. Madrid: La Ley, grupo Wolters Kluwer, 2006. Very fine commentary of the law of civil procedures 5 years after its entry into force.


Enjuiciamento civil: textos legales y concordancias. Madrid: Civitas, 2003.

Ley de 1/2000, de 7 de enero, de enjuiciamiento civil comparada con la Ley de enjuiciamento civil de 1881. Madril: Editorial Colex, 2001.

Ley de enjuiciamiento civil (2000). Madrid: La Ley-Actualidad, 2004.


Ley de enjuiciamento civil. Cizul Menor: Thomson Reuters Aranzadi, 2012.


Ley de enjuiciamento civil. 2a ed. Valladolid: Lex Nova, 2009  (edicion 2009/2010).

Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2007.

Cordon Moreno, Faustino. Comentarios a la Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. Elcano: Aranzadi, 2001. Fine commentary of the new law of civil procedure in two volumes.


Ley de enguiciamento civil y otras normas procesales: adaptadas a las reformas para la implantacion de la nueva Oficina Judicial y de agilizacion procesal del alguiler. Madrid: SEPIN, 2010.


Ley de enjuiciamento civil y legislacion complementaria. Madrid: Tecnos, 2011.


Formularios de la Nueva Ley de Enjuiciamiento de 2000 (Ley 1/2000, de 7 de enero. BOE del 8; correccion de errores BOE del 14 de abril). Valencia: Ediciones Revista General de Derecho, 2000.

Oliva Santos, Andres de la. Comentarios a la Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. 1a ed. Madrid: Civitas, 2001.

Secondary Sources
Alonso-Cuevillas y Sarol, Jaime. La competencia jurisdictional internacional de los tribunals espanoles del orden civil. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2005. On the international jurisdictional competence of Spanish civil courts.


Bellido Pnades, Rafael. El proceso civil sobre competencia desleal y propriedad industrial: approximacion a la incidencia de la LEC de Ley de marcas de 2001. Implications of the new laws of civil procedures and trade-marks on antitrust and intellectual property issues.

Buendia Canovas, Alejandro. La casacion civil: studio doctrinal sobre los fines casacionales. Madrid: Dijusa Editorial, 2006.

Conceptos basicos de derecho procesal civil. Director-coordinador Juan Antonio Robles Garzon. Madrid: Tecnos, 2008.


Derecho procesal civil. Santiago de Compostela: Andavira, 2011.


El processo civil: parte general, el juicio verbal y el juicio ordinario. Madrid: Editorial Dykinson, 2003.

Etxeberria Guridi, Jose Francisco. Las facultades judiciales en materia probatoria en la LEC. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2003. Emphasis on evidence.

Fernandez Lopez. Mercedes. La carga de la prueba en la practica judicial civil. Madrid: La Ley, drupo Wolters Kluwer, 2006. Burden of proof in civil practice.


Garberi Llobregat, Jose. La acumulacion de acciones en el proceso civil. Barcelona: Bosch, 2009.


Garcia-Rostan Calvin, Gemma. El recusrso de apelacion en el proceso civil. Madrid: Colex, 2001. Appellate procedure in the context of the new law of civil procedure.

Gutierrez-Alviz Conradi, Faustino. Exposicion de la nueva Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. Vaalencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2001. Proceedings of a conference held on nov. 21-30, 2000 at the University of Sevilla.

Introduccion a la nueva Ley de enjuiciamiento civil: desde la praxis profesional. Barcelona: P. Brosa y Asociados, 2001.

La application practica de la Ley de enjuiciamento civil de 2000: libro de estudio. Valencia:Tirant lo Blanch, 2003.

Lopez Simo, Francisco. Disposiciones generales sobre la prueba: analisis de los articulos 281 a 298 y concordantes de la Ley 1/200. Madrid: La ley, 2001. Evidence in context, with concordances.

Lucchi Lopez-Tapia, Yolanda de. Las cauciones procesales en la nueva ley de enjuiciamento civil. 1a ed. Madrid: Civitas, 2001.

Marquina Castella, Margarita and Teresa Ramos. Una interpretacion judicial de la Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. Eclano: Aranzadi, 2002. Focus on remedies.

Montero Aroca, Juan. De la legitimacion en el proceso civil. Barcelona: Bosch, 2007.


Montero Aroca, Juan. Los recursos en el proceso civil. Valencia: Tirant lo Blanch, 2001.

Montero Aroca, Juan. Tratado de juicio verbal. Navarra: Aranzadi, 2003.

Nieva Fenoll, Jorge. El recurso de cassacion civil. Barcelona: Ariel, 2003. Appellate procedure.

Oromi i Vall-llovera, Susana. El recusrso de apelacion en el proceso civil. Barcelona: Atelier, 2002. Appellate procedure in the context of the new law.

Ortelis Ramos, Manuel. Derecho procesal civil. 9 ed. rev. y puesta al dia. Cizur Mrnor: Thomson Aranzadi, 2009.


Perez-Cruz Martin, Augustin. Derecho procesal civil. Santiago de Compostela: Andavira, 2012.

Pico i Junoy, Joan. Esquemas del nuevo poceso civil.Madrid: La Ley, 2001.

Pino Abad, Miguel. La tacha de testigos en su evolucion historica hasta la nueva Ley de enjuicemiento civil. Cordoba: Universidad de Cordoba, 2002. Witnesses and evidence in the context of the new law.

Practicas de derecho procesal civil: casos, jurysprudencia y formularios segun LEC 1-2000. Madrid: Edisofer, 2004.


Ramos Mendez, Francisco. Guia para una transicion ordenada a la Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. Barcelona: Bosch, 2000.

Ramos Mendez, Francisco. El sistema procesal espanol. 5a ed. Barcelona : Jose Maria Bosch Editor, 2000.

Recursos y otros medios de impugnacion en la Ley de enjuiciamento civil. Barcelona: Bosch, 2009.


Reyes Lopez, Javier. De la prueba, los recursos, las medidas cautelares y otras disposiciones de la LEC 1/2000: esquemas.

Rives Seva, Jose Maria. El recurso de apelacion y la segunda instancia. Madrid: La Ley, 2011.


Rocha Garcia, Ernesto. Los procedimientos especiales en la nueva Ley de enjuiciamiento civil. Granada: Editorial Comares, 2001.

Toribios Fuentes, Fernando. Proceso civil practico. Valladolid: Lex Nova, 2012.


3.32. Sweden


Primary Sources

Sveriges rikes lag. Imprint Stockholm: Norstedt, 1983-. Annual. Official source of law in Sweden.


Secondary Sources

An Introduction to Swedish Law. 2d ed. Stockholm, Sweden: Norstedts, 1988. Chapter 4: Procedure.

Scholtz, Tibor. Naturalexekution in skandinavischen Rechten. Berlin: Dunker & Humblot, 1995.

3.33. Switzerland


Primary Sources
Recueil systématique du droit fédéral. Berne: Chancellerie fédérale suisse, 1974-. Looseleaf. Procédure civile, in vol. 02(3), ch. 0.27. (German version also available)

Schupbach, Henri-Robert. Traité de procédure civile. Zurich: Schulthess, 1995-.


Valloni, Lucien William and Daniel Bloch. Swiss Civil Procedure Code (CPC). Zurich : Dike, 2010.


Secondary Sources
Business Law Guide to Switzerland. Wiesbaden, Germany: CCH Europe, 1991. English. Civil Litigation and Judicial Assistance in Civil Matters, p.541-. Civil Procedure, p. 546-. Summarizes and cites relevant articles of the Code of Procedure Civile.

Bronniman, C. Jurgen. Die Behauptungs- und Substantierungslast in schweizerischen Zivilprozessrecht. Bern: Stampfli & Cie., 1989.

Kofmel, S. Das Recht auf Beweiss im Zivilverfahren. Bern: Stampfli, 1992.

Meier, Isaak. Internationales Zivilprozessrecht: ein Studienbuch. Zurich: Schulthess Verlag, 1994.

Vogel, Oscar. Grundriss des Zivilprozessrecchts und des internazionalen Zivilprozessrechts des Scweitz. Bern: Stampfli, 2001.

3.34. Uruguay


Primary Sources

Codigo general de proceso de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay y leges organicas: con concordancias y tabla de materias. Ed. Adolfo Gelsi Bidart et al. 12a edicion. Montevideo : Fundacion de Cultura Universitaria, 2010.


Codigo general del proceso de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay: Ley 15,982 de 18-X-1998. 7th ed. Montevideo: Fundacion de Cultura Universitaria, 2000.

4. Internet Databases: Civil Codes, Civil Procedure & Jurisprudence


4.1. General Databases

4.2. Argentina


4.3. Australia  


4.4. Austria


 4.5. Belgium


4.6. Brazil


4.7. Canada  


4.8. Central and Eastern Europe  


4.9. Chile  


4.10. Czech Republic  


4.11. Denmark


4.12. Ecuador  


4.13. El Salvador  


4.14. European Union


4.15. France


4.16. Germany


4.17. Great Britain


4.18. Hong Kong


4.19. India


4.20. Israel


4.21. Italy  


4.22. Japan


4.23. Korea (South)


4.24. Mexico  


4.25. The Netherlands  


4.26. New Zealand  

4.27. People’s Republic of China

        information covering the Greater China (Mainland, Hong Kong and Taiwan) market. This  

        type of information includes industrial and market research reports, company profiles,  

        biographies, charts, maps, business guidebooks and handbooks, etc. All the crucial

        information that you need to make informed and timely business decisions related to



4.28. Peru


4.29. Romania


4.30. Russian and Former Soviet Republics


4.31. South Africa  


4.32. Spain


4.33. Sweden


4.34. Switzerland


4.35. Uruguay