UPDATE: Trinidad & Tobago Law and Legal Research
By Catherine A. Deane
Catherine A. Deane is the Bay Area Research Specialist for Shearman & Sterling LLP. She received her primary and secondary education in Trinidad. She has a B.A. in Cultural Anthropology with a Certificate in Latin American Studies from Princeton University, an M.A. in Cultural Anthropology and a J.D. with a Certificate in International and Comparative Law from the University of Tulsa in Oklahoma, and an M.L.I.S. degree from San Jose State University, School of Library and Information Science.
Published January/February 2020
(Previously updated by Catherine A. Deane, Kamau F. Osborne and Vincent Moyer in April/May 2015)
Table of Contents
- 1. Introduction to Trinidad & Tobago Legal Research
- 2. Background and History
- 3. Government Structure
- 4. Executive Branch: The Prime Minister and the Cabinet
- 5. Legislative Branch: Parliament – The House of Representatives and the Senate
- 6. The Tobago House of Assembly (THA)
- 7. Judicial Branch: Structure, Decisions, and Other Court Documents
- 8. Constitution
- 9. Archived Historical Legal Documents
- 10. Online Legal Information Sources
- 11. Print Sources of Legal Information
- 12. Sources of General Information
- 12.1. Statistics and Government Information
- 12.2.The National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS)
- 12.3.The National Archives of Trinidad & Tobago (NATT)
- 12.4.Ministry of Public Administration and Communications
- 12.5. Newspapers
- 12.6.Other News Sources: Trinidad & Tobago Online Video, Radio & Twitter
- 13. Other Resources
- 14. Additional Caribbean Legal Information
This guide outlines in detail the various resources available for researching the laws and legal system of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago. As a quick introduction, here are key research websites for locating Trinidad & Tobago laws:
- Government of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago
- Parliament: Republic of Trinidad & Tobago
- Judiciary of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago
- Laws of Trinidad & Tobago
- Ministry of the Attorney General
- Ministry of Legal Affairs
- National Library and Information System Authority of Trinidad & Tobago (NALIS)
The Republic of Trinidad & Tobago, formerly a British colony, is now an independent member of the British Commonwealth. Christopher Columbus encountered and named the islands in 1498. They were occupied briefly by the Spanish until it was captured in 1797 by the British, who brought African slaves to Trinidad and later invited Indian indentured laborers to the island.
The British ruled Trinidad & Tobago under the Crown Colony System from 1831-1925. Under this system, a Governor advised by a resident legislative council ruled the island for the British government. By 1956, Trinidad & Tobago had established a form of self-government under colonial rule, but it was not until 1976, that Trinidad & Tobago became a self-governing republic.
- History of Parliament
- History of Local Government
- History of Port-of-Spain (The capital of Trinidad & Tobago): The Port-of-Spain Corporation, facts about Port-of-Spain.
- Evolution of a Nation - a series of lectures on bicameralism (2012)
- Country Profile: Trinidad & Tobago - BBC News
- Country Study: Trinidad & Tobago (1987) – from the U.S. Library of Congress Federal Research Division
- World Factbook: The Caribbean (Trinidad & Tobago) - prepared by the CIA (U.S.)
- Travel Advice: Trinidad & Tobago - prepared by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (U.K.)
- UN data Trinidad & Tobago - country profile statistics
- Basic Country Profile: Trinidad & Tobago from the Commonwealth Local Government Forum. Includes a link to a more detailed profile that describes the structure of the local government.
- Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2018 - Trinidad & Tobago - US Department of State - Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor
- Human Rights – Trinidad & Tobago – UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
- Country Profile – Amnesty International
The current government structure of Trinidad & Tobago is a parliamentary democracy consisting of the executive branch, made up of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and the legislative branch, made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The members of the House of Representatives and the Senate elect the President of Trinidad & Tobago. Tobago has a separate elected House of Assembly that is responsible for the administration of the island. National elections occur every five years.
The Judicial branch is a separate branch, led by the Chief Justice. The Trinidad & Tobago Judiciary is made up of the Lower Judiciary (the Magistracy) and the Higher Judiciary (The Supreme Court). The Supreme Court is made up of the High Court and the Court of Appeal. The highest court is the Privy Council in England. See Basic Information on the System of Government in Trinidad & Tobago, provided by the government of Trinidad & Tobago. See also the Diagram of Government Organization Structure from the Office of the President and Organizational Structure of the Central Government from the National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS).
The Executive Branch includes the Cabinet, Ministries and Departments of Government, statutory authorities and governmental institutions. The Prime Minister is a member of the Cabinet. See the Office of the Prime Minister’s official website for more information.
After an election, the President appoints as Prime Minister the member of the House of Representatives who commands the support of the majority of members of that House. On the advice of the Prime Minister, the President appoints members of the House of Representatives and the Senate to the Cabinet. The Cabinet controls the government of Trinidad & Tobago and is responsible to Parliament. They implement the laws passed by Parliament.
The Cabinet consists of the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the President and other ministers (of whom one shall be the Attorney General) chosen from among the members of the House of Representatives and the Senators appointed by the President acting in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister. The President, acting on the advice of the Prime Minister, may assign any Minister responsibility for any business of the government including the administration of any department of government.
The functions of the Cabinet are initiating and deciding on policy. The exercise of these functions is initially affected by the fact that the Cabinet is a group of party representatives, depending upon majority support in the House of Representatives. The Cabinet meets in private and its proceedings are confidential. Normally, Cabinet meets for a few hours once a week and these meetings take place at the Office of the Prime Minister, Whitehall.
The Cabinet Secretariat serves Ministers collectively in the conduct of Cabinet business and the co-ordination of policy at the highest level. Ministerial responsibility refers both to the collective responsibility for government policy and actions, which Ministers have and to their individual responsibilities for their departments’ work.
The doctrine of collective responsibility means that the Cabinet acts unanimously even when Cabinet Ministers do not all agree on a subject. The individual responsibility of Ministers for the work of their departments means that they are answerable to Parliament for matters pertaining to their departments.
Many important executive branch legal documents are available on the websites below:
- Ministers of Government.
- Speeches of the Prime Minister.
- Ministry of Foreign and CARICOM Affairs – Includes documents and news.
- Ministry of Legal Affairs.
- Ministry of National Security – Speeches, Application Forms (including Freedom of Information Request Form and Request for a Presidential Pardon).
- Ministry of the Attorney General and Legal Affairs.
The Parliament of Trinidad & Tobago is the legislative branch of the Government. The President, the House of Representatives and the Senate make up Parliament. The President is the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.
A bill may be initiated in either the House or the Senate. The bill must pass through both the House and the Senate and must be presented to the President for approval. The President’s assent converts the bill into an Act of the Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago. See The Process of Lawmaking, a detailed description prepared by the Parliament Secretariat.
Although technically the Parliament consists of three parts – the President, the House of Representatives and the Senate – Parliament is still referred to as bicameral because it is divided into the Lower House (House of Representatives) and the Upper House (Senate). The House of Representatives is made up of 41 elected representatives; the members of the Senate are appointed by the President.
The Parliament has the power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of Trinidad & Tobago in accordance with the Constitution.
- Parliament of the Government of Trinidad & Tobago
- The Parliament Channel
- Glossary of Parliamentary Terms
- History of Parliament
- Bills – Full-text database of bills browsable by session or alphabetically by name. Also includes information on the members of parliament involved in debating the bills.
- Acts of Parliament - Full-text database containing Acts of Parliament from 1998 to present hosted by the official website for the Parliament of the government of Trinidad & Tobago. (Note: CommonLII also has an archive of legislation for 1997-2016. This information is obtained from the Parliament website).
- Laws of Trinidad (Revised edition, 2015).
- Digital Legislative Library – Laws of Trinidad & Tobago available online (1838-2019).
- Hansard Reports (Official Reports) - full-text database covering 1987 to present, containing transcribed reports of what is said in the House and Senate.
The Office of Parliament also provides digital access to other publications such as:
- Standing Orders - Standing Orders are the rules that govern the proceedings in the House of Representatives.
- Strategic Plan of the Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago (2013-2018).
The House of Representatives, the elected Lower House, has 41 members, elected every five years. The Speaker of the House may or may not be an elected member of the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives may be dissolved prior to the five-year election date by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
- Sittings of the House of Representatives [1987 - current].
- Progress of Bills Introduced in the House of Representatives in the Current Session of Parliament - Includes various versions of each bill and committee report.
- Motions Introduced in the House of Representatives - Database contains full-text of House Debate and related Bills. Browsable by Title and Session.
The members of the Senate are appointed by the President. Of the 31 members, 16 are Government Senators and are appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister. Six (6) are Opposition Senators appointed on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition and nine (9) are Independent Senators. The President is charged with selecting and appointing senators who will be representative of Trinidad & Tobago civil society. The presiding officer is known as the President of the Senate.
- For the current session of Parliament, the full text of multiple versions of Bills and Committee Reports are available online from the Senate: Sittings of the Senate [1987 - current]
- Progress of Bills Introduced in the Senate in the Current Session of Parliament - Includes various versions of each bill and committee report.
- Motions Introduced in the Senate [1987-current]
The THA first met in 1768, but it was not until 1980 that the first Tobago House of Assembly Act was passed. This act grants the citizens of Tobago the right of internal self-governance. The new Tobago House of Assembly Act, passed on 1996, granted the THA greater autonomy in political, financial and social issues, but no lawmaking powers. The Presiding Officer is elected by the Assemblymen and presides over all Sittings of the Assembly. Local elections for the THA take place every 4 years.
- The THA - Official Website
- About the THA – describes the origins and nature of the THA.
- The Tobago House of Assembly Act, 1996 –from the Digital Legislative Library
- NALIS -provides further details about the THA
The Judicial branch is one of the three separate arms of the State. The head of the judicial branch is the Chief Justice, who has overall responsibility for the administration of justice in Trinidad & Tobago.
The highest court is the Privy Council in England. The Judicial Committee of The Privy Council (JCPC) is the court of final appeal for the UK overseas territories and Crown dependencies, and for those Commonwealth countries that have retained the appeal to Her Majesty in Council or, in the case of Republics, to the Judicial Committee.
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council Decided Cases:
- 2009 - Present
- 1809 - Present – BAILII
- Privy Council Judgments that were appealed from Trinidad & Tobago (1993 - present) and other Commonwealth Caricom Territories
While there has been much debate about cutting links with the Privy Council, on April 25, 2012, Prime Minister the Honourable Kamla Persad-Bissessar released a statement outlining Trinidad & Tobago’s relationship with the Privy Council and the Caribbean Court of Justice [see the official text of the speech].
On April 16, 2005, the The Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) was inaugurated at a ceremony in Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago (see the agreement establishing the CCJ). The CCJ has two jurisdictions: an original and an appellate jurisdiction. In its original jurisdiction, it interprets and applies the Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas (PDF) which established the Caribbean Community and is an international court with compulsory and exclusive jurisdiction in interpreting the Treaty of Chaguaramas. In its appellate jurisdiction, it hears appeals in both civil and criminal matters from those member states, which have ceased to allow appeals to the JCPC.
The CCJ is not part of the Judiciary of Trinidad & Tobago. Appeals from the Trinidad & Tobago Court of Appeal go to the Privy Council (JCPC) in England.
The Judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court of Judicature and the Lower Judiciary (the Magistracy). The Supreme Court of Judicature for Trinidad & Tobago consists of a High Court of Justice and a Court of Appeal. Appeals from the Magistracy and the High Court go to the Court of Appeal. The Magistracy and the High Court are courts of original jurisdiction.
The High Court is made up of three divisions: The Matrimonial Division (hears family matters where the partners are married), the Criminal Division (hears indictable criminal matters), and the Civil Division (hears matters involving sums $15,000 and over).
The Magistracy is divided geographically into thirteen districts. The Criminal Division exercises summary jurisdiction in criminal matters and hears preliminary inquiries in indictable matters. The Civil Division hears matters under $15,000.
The Court Library Services Unit pages on the official website for the Judiciary of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago provide information about:
- Structure of the Judiciary.
- Brief timeline of legal points of interest.
- List of Chief Justices of Trinidad & Tobago (1797- present),a digital collection of photos and information on judges, past and present including the historical Chief Justice Collection with Opening Speeches.
- Glimpses Into the Past - facts about the Trinidad & Tobago Judiciary and Legal Profession.
- Provided by the Court Library Services Unit - Recent Judgments are available for:
- Cases can be located by searching the Court Library Database. Once you find a catalogue record for the case, many decisions have a “full-text” link.
- Judgments from the High Court – Selected decisions from 1997-2016 are available at CommonLII. Decisions from 1997-2008 are archived at the Internet Archive. High Court decisions can also be searched at the Court Library Database.
- Judgments from the Court of Appeal – Selected decisions from 1996-2016 are available at CommonLII. Decisions from 1997-2008 are archived at the Internet Archive. High Court decisions can also be searched at the Court Library Database.
- Supreme Court Rules and Practice Directions.
- Previous iterations of Supreme Court Consolidated Orders and Rules are archived at the Internet Archive.
- Supreme Court of Judicature Act (See Amendments tab for 2010 Amendment)
- Supreme Court Forms – Civil and Probate. Daly’s Damages Digest – Archived by the Internet Archive.
The Court Library Services Unit has six branches. The main branch, The Supreme Court Library, Port-of-Spain, is housed on the third floor of the Hall of Justice in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. The Supreme Court Library has the most comprehensive collection of unreported decisions of the Supreme Court of Trinidad & Tobago. The main online Court Library research resources are now available at the Judiciary website.
One copy of every judgment received is placed in the Special Judgment Collection Alphabetical File, in the Port-of-Spain Supreme Court Library. In print, the library carries cases from the 1950’s to the present. All judgments received by the Unit since 1990 have been recorded in the online catalog. Links to some electronic copies of the decisions are available by searching the Library’s online case database using the same online catalog search interface
Research assistance requests are considered by the Court Law Library on a case-by-case basis, and some information can be provided via fax. Information that is already in electronic format may be sent via email. Judgments can be requested from the courts via email or fax.
The Court Library Services Unit’s Online Catalog contains records of books, articles, and judgments. More specifically, the online catalog contains:
- Books acquired from 2001 to the present. The catalogue will eventually reflect all the Unit's collections because retrospective cataloging is ongoing.
- Index/abstracts of written Judgments of the Supreme Court from 1990 to the present.
- Entries to the Trinidad & Tobago Law Reports Vol 1(1893-1910) - Vol XVI (1955-1956).
- Retrospective index/abstracts of some pre- 1990 Judgments.
- Articles relating to Commonwealth Caribbean jurisdictions.
- Selected indexing of Trinidad & Tobago Legislation.
The Industrial Court is a superior court similar in status to the High Court. It was established in 1965 by the Industrial Stabilisation Act. This act was then repealed and replaced by the 1972 Industrial Relations Act as amended). The purpose of the court is to settle unresolved disputes between employers and trade unions representing the workers.
- Past Judges.
- Judgments – Available in print at the Court Library. A searchable online Judgment Database provides information about judgments. Users must subscribe to get access to the current year’s judgments.
- Procedures for Initiating a Matter.
- Current Case List.
A tribunal to be known as the Environmental Commission was established by the Environmental Management Act of Trinidad & Tobago in 2000 for the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction conferred upon it by this Act or by any other written law. Environmental Management Act (Act No. 3 of 2000), Part VIII - Environmental Commission (Sections 81-88).
- The Environmental Commission, established in 2002 under the Environmental Management Act 2000, is the only environmental court in the Caribbean.
- Publications – There’s a minor coding error on this page, so even though the site seems to say there are, for instance, 0/5 documents, there are 5 documents.
- The Legislation and Judgments section is not useful because all of the links are broken, but you can still access the laws and cases from other sources discussed in this guide. See below for links to a sample list of environmental law cases.
- The Official Website for the Environmental Commission is currently being updated and in the meantime, if you want access to the judgments they are available at their library. To get judgments, please contact Erica Beache, Librarian for the Environmental Commission at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Between 1945 and 1962, the Constitution of Trinidad & Tobago underwent six reforms. The 1962 Constitution, drafted by Sir Ellis Clarke, is referred to as the Independence Constitution and is considered by the government of Trinidad & Tobago to be the first written Constitution. It was reformed in 1976 and became the Republican Constitution, which is still in force.
Concerned that the Constitution does not meet the political needs of the multicultural society of Trinidad & Tobago, the government has once again initiated constitutional reform that is expected to facilitate a more effective democratic system of government. As of January 2013, there was also talk of a constitutional amendment to grant increased autonomy for Tobago.
- The Constitution – Digital Legislative Library
- Amendments to the current (1976) Constitution – Available since 1998 at the Parliament website: Act No. 8 of 1981, Act No. 13 of 1982, Act No. 2 of 1988, Act No. 8 of 1988, Act No. 30 of 1994, Act No. 10 of 1995, Act No. 17 of 1995, Act No. 39 of 1996, Act No. 29 of 1999 (Nov. 25, 1999), Act No. 43 of 2000 (Sept. 25, 2000), Act No. 81 of 2000 (Oct. 20, 2000), Act No. 82 of 2000 (Oct. 20, 2000) , Act No. 89 of 2000 (Nov. 2, 2000), Act No. 1 of 2003 (Jan. 22, 2003) , Act No. 6 of 2006 (Apr. 13, 2006), Act No. 12 of 2007 (June 12, 2007).
- The 1962 Constitution
- The 1961 Constitution Order
- Constitutional Resources - The Office of the Parliament provides digital access to the constitutional resources deposited at the Parliament Library.
- The Report of the Wooding Commission on Constitutional Reform, 1974
- “Thinking Things Over - The Constitution Commission (1987) of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago”
- The Working Document on Constitutional Reform for Public Consultation (January 9, 2009)
- Draft Constitution of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago (2006)
- Principles of Fairness Draft Constitution (Third Edition 2006)
- Trinidad & Tobago Constitutional Law – Constitution and amendments available through the International Labour Organization’s NATLEX website.
- The Challenge of Constitutional Reform (2009) - An Examination of Trinidad & Tobago’s Constitution by Dr. Hamid Ghany, Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences at University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad.
- A Guide to the Constitution of Trinidad & Tobago - by the Trinidad & Tobago Humanist Association.
There are various collections (e.g. the Digital Library of the Caribbean) of historical archived Trinidad & Tobago legal documents including the following:
- Ordinances passed by the Legislative Council of Trinidad & Tobago (1912-1918)
- Port of Spain Gazette, 1907-1914
- Trinidad & Tobago revised ordinances, 1950
- The West Indies Gazette, 1958-1962 - Includes supplements consisting of bills, ordinances, statutory rules & orders
- Caribbean and North Atlantic Territories Gazette, 1959 - Caribbean and North Atlantic territories Trinidad & Tobago. The Trinidad & Tobago (Constitution) (Amendment) order in council, 1959.
- Trinidad & Tobago Gazette, 1969
The National Archives of Trinidad & Tobago (NATT) maintain several collections that may be of interest to legal scholars. Online, NATT provides a searchable catalog of records showing the available years and the location of each item. Some preliminary research assistance may be provided for foreign researchers, but full access to the collection requires a visit to the local reading room.
One NATT law collection is the Laws of Trinidad & Tobago (1884-1998) - This is a historical collection of the laws of Trinidad & Tobago. This collection also includes laws that were created with the intention of using them to govern the West Indian Federation of ten (10) islands of the region. This grouping was conceived in 1958 but never came to pass.
The NATT also houses:
- Council Papers (1977-1961)
- Historical High Court Judgments (1846 – 1987)
- Newspapers (1825-2007)
- Proclamations (1836 – 1957)
- Registry of Slaves (1813-1834)
- Trinidad Royal Gazette (1835 – 1962); Trinidad & Tobago Gazette (1962 – present).
Justis: CariLaw - Online subscription database containing the full text of more than 53,000 cases.
Trinidad & Tobago has an e-government portal called ttconnect with links to nearly every government office or government ministry available online including the official websites for Parliament, the Prime Minister, the President, and the Courts.The website for the Office of the President may also be of interest.
The most recent data available through Internet World Stats indicates that as of June 30, 2016, 77.2 % of the 1.2 million peoplein Trinidad & Tobago had access to the Internet. Trinidad & Tobago's e-government portal allows citizens to access a wide range of government services via a single government portal. Although many of the services are available online, the website carries detailed information on how to access government services via mail or in person.
Other important government links to laws and legal information include:
- Foreign Direct Investment Agency
- National Budget Statement
- Special Collection: Family Law: Domestic Violence - a digital collection of newspaper clippings on domestic violence in Trinidad & Tobago, maintained by the Court Library Services Unit (1993-2006).
- Consumer Affairs Division
- Freedom of Information Unit
- FOIA cases
There are several databases that contain laws on a certain topic for many countries. These include The World Intellectual Property Organization’s WIPO Lex database and the International Labour Organization’s database of labor laws. However, the Digital Legislative Library has current laws as well as prior versions and amendments and so the links below are to this database as it is likely to be updated more often than the WIPOLex and the ILO databases. The international databases should be considered a back-up plan if for some reason the Digital Legislative Library is unavailable.
Consumer Protection Law
- The Sale of Goods Act
- The Hire Purchase Act
- The Misrepresentation Act
- The Trade Descriptions Act
- The Consumer Protection and Safety Act
- The Unfair Contract Terms Act
- Environmental Management Authority (EMA) – Environmental Management Policies; Related Conventions & Treaties
Legislation, Regulations and Case Law
- ECOLEX is an Environmental law database that allows the user to search for treaties, legislation, cases and other documents related to Environmental law. It contains significant entries for Trinidad & Tobago.
- InforMEA is a UN database funded by the European Union, that provides access to Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEA) as well as national legislation and case law. This includes some legislation, regulations and cases from Trinidad & Tobago.
- The Republic of Trinidad & Tobago Environmental Management Authority (EMA) - Environmental Laws, Policies, and Annual Reports – describing the organizational structure of the EMA, the state of the environment, challenges, accomplishments and plans.
- Town and Country Planning Act
- The Environmental Commission of Trinidad & Tobago was established by the Environmental Management Act of Trinidad & Tobago in 2000.
Select Judgments from High Court
- Bhadose Sooknanan and Fisherman and Friends of the Sea vs The Environmental Management Authority and Ministry of Energy and Energy Affairs CV2014-00813, High Court
- Concerned Residents of Cunupia vs The Environmental Management Authority and RPN Enterprises Ltd CV2012-3024, High Court
- People United Respecting the Environment (PURE) and Rights Action Group (RAG) v Environmental Management Authority and ALUTRINT Ltd. - Trinidad & Tobago CV 2007 – 02263, High Court
Select Judgments from the Environmental Commission: For judgments, please contact Erica Beache, Librarian for the Environmental Commission at email@example.com.
- The Environmental Management Authority vs. Michael Trestrail, EAA No.002 of 2011, Environmental Commission
- Talisman (Trinidad) Petroleum Ltd. vs. The Environmental Management Authority, EA3 of 2002, Environmental Commission. A briefing of this judgment (and others) is provided by United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
- Michelle Dove vs. The Environmental Management Authority, EAP No. 003 of 2007, Environmental Commission
- South West Tobago Fisherman’s Association v. The Environmental Management Authority, EAP no. 4 of 2008/9
Select Judgments from Privy Council
- Fishermen and Friends of the Sea vs. the Environmental Management Authority and BP Trinidad & Tobago LLC, Privy Council Appeal No. 33 of 2005
Intellectual Property Law
- World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) maintains a collection of national IP laws at the WIPO Lex website (See WIPO Lex Trinidad & Tobago IP Law Collection. & WIPO’s Trinidad & Tobago Country Profile.)
- The Republic of Trinidad & Tobago, Intellectual Property Office has an IP Library with some online materials, including IP Manuals.
- Ministry of Legal Affairs IP website – provides details about the IP office and IP laws.
- TTconnect Intellectual Property Rights website – provides details about the IP office and IP laws.
- Historical information on Protecting Intellectual Property - information produced by the Office of the Attorney General and Ministry of Legal Affairs and provided by NALIS. This website was archived by the Internet Archive.
- Doing Business in Trinidad & Tobago, Intellectual Property - Hamel-Smith Law Firm
- Copyright Act (Chapter 82:80)
- Patents, Designs, Copyright and Trade Marks (Emergency) (Chap. 82:84)
- NATLEX - The International Labour Organization (ILO) maintains a database of labor laws for various countries, including Trinidad & Tobago. Browse Trinidad & Tobago labor laws/Search Trinidad & Tobago labor laws) This is not a full-text database, but many of the listings attempt to include links to the full-text of the act or treaty on the Trinidad & Tobago Parliament websitebut the links are broken and just go to the main page of the Parliament website. It is recommended that if you use this database to find labor laws, you then look them up yourself in the Digital Law Library.
- NORMLEX - is an ILO online collection bringing together information on international labor standards (such as ratification information, reporting requirements, comments of the ILO's supervisory bodies, etc.) as well as national labor and social security laws. Key documents, conventions, ratification and comparative data can be searched by country or region. The ILO has created a National Labour Profile for Trinidad & Tobago and separate Trinidad & Tobago Country Profile.
- Civil Service Act– with Amendments
Privacy & Data Protection Law
Trade & Business Law
- Integrated Database of Trade Disputes for Latin America and the Caribbean
- Doing Business in Trinidad & Tobago: Trading and Competition – Hamel-Smith
- Ease of Doing Business in Trinidad & Tobago - World Bank
- Trinidad & Tobago: Trade Information Database
- West Indian Reports - First published in 1958, this authoritative set of law reports includes cases decided in the High Courts and Courts of Appeal of the West Indian States, including Trinidad & Tobago, and Privy Council appeals. These reports contain Caribbean case law. 1958 to date are available on LexisNexis UK.
- The Caribbean Law Review - published by the University of the West Indies, Faculty of Law, Cave Hill, Barbados. Issues spanning 1991 – 2009 are available at the Internet Archive.
- West Indian Law Journal - published by the Council of Legal Education at the Norman Manley Law School. Issues spanning 1970 – 2013 are available at the Internet Archive.
The main publishers of legal books with relevance to Trinidad & Tobago law areThe Caribbean Law Publishing Co. Ltd. and Routledge Law Publishers. The Commonwealth Caribbean Law Seriescovers English speaking Caribbean nations including Trinidad & Tobago.
- Eddy D. Ventose, Commonwealth Caribbean Administrative Law (2012).
Business & Corporate Law
- Andrew Burgess, Commonwealth Caribbean Company Law (2013).
- Rajendra Ramlogan, Commonwealth Caribbean Business Law (3rd ed. 2015).
- Suzanne Ffolkes-Goldson, Commonwealth Caribbean Corporate Governance (2015).
- Gilbert Kodilinye, Vanessa Kodilinye, Commonwealth Caribbean Civil Procedure (4th ed. 2016).
Constitutional Law & Constitutional Reform
- Albert Fiadjoe, Commonwealth Caribbean Public Law (2008/2015).
- Kirk Peter Meighoo & Peter A. Jamadar, Democracy and Constitution Reform in Trinidad & Tobago (2008).
- Fred Phillips, Commonwealth Caribbean Constitutional Law (2002).
- Rajendra Ramlogan, Judicial Review in the Commonwealth Caribbean (2006/2016).
- Gilbert Kodilinye, Maria Kodilinye, Commonwealth Caribbean Contract Law (2013).
- Roger Ramgoolam, Commonwealth Caribbean Criminal Practice and Procedure (5th ed. 2019).
Employment and Labour Law
- Natalie G.S. Corthésy, Carla-Anne Harris-Roper, Commonwealth Caribbean Employment and Labour Law (2014)
- Winston Anderson, Principles of Caribbean Environmental Law (2012).
- Karen Tesheira, Commonwealth Caribbean Family Law (2016).
- Lesley A Walcott, Commonwealth Caribbean Insurance Law (2019).
- Sharon B Le Gall, Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge and Cultural Property Protection (2016)
Law of the Sea
- Kahlil Hassanali; United Nations. Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea.; Nippon Foundation of Japan Fellowship Programme, Examining the ocean and coastal governance framework in Trinidad & Tobago: transitioning towards integrated coastal zone management (December 2013) [Link to full-text online].
- Rose-Marie Belle Antoine, Commonwealth Caribbean Law and Legal Systems (2d ed.2008).
- Sherese Chee Mook, Sovereignty Deconstructed and Self-Definition Revisited: A Perspective on the Abolition or Retention of the Privy Council as the Final Court of Appeal for Trinidad & Tobago (2010).
- Rob McQueen & Wesley W. Pue, W. W. Misplaced Traditions: British Lawyers, Colonial Peoples (1999). Includes a chapter entitled “Context and Dominion: The Law in Independent Trinidad & Tobago” by Haraksingh, Kush. This Chapter is available on HeinOnline.
- Albert Fiadjoe, Alternative Dispute Resolution (2004).
Politics & Government
- Kirk Peter Meighoo, Politics in a Half-Made Society: Trinidad & Tobago, 1925-2001 (2003).
Real Property Law
- Gilbert Kodilinye, Commonwealth Caribbean Property Law (4th ed. 2014).
- Sampson Owusu, Commonwealth Caribbean Land Law (2006).
- Jason Haynes, J. Tyrone Marcus, Commonwealth Caribbean Sports Law (2018).
- Gilbert Kodilinye, Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law (5th ed. 2014).
- Americo Beviglia Zampetti & Junior Lodge, The CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement: A Practitioner’s Analysis (2011).
- Gilbert Kodilinye & Trevor A. Carmichael, Commonwealth Caribbean Law of Trusts (2013).
- Central Statistical Office (CSO)
- List of CSO statistical publications
- Trade statistics - CSO
- Business Statistics - CSO
- Economic Statistics - Central Bank
- Economic Statistics and Indicators - Economy Watch
- National Accounts & GDP - UN Statistics Division
- Labor statistics – NationMaster (multiple sources)
- Labor Force Annual Statistics – Central Bank of Trinidad
- Labor Force – CSO
- Population Statistics - CSO
- CARICOM statistics - Under the Statistics tab, there is a dropdown menu for publications that includes regional statistics for the Caribbean on trade, economic indicators, labor force, population, economic indicators, tourism, environmental health, gender, power and decision-making.
- Trinidad & Tobago National Commission for UNESCO (Also see UNESCO country profile: Trinidad and Tobago)
- United Nations Development Programme: Trinidad & Tobago
- UNdata: Trinidad & Tobago
- Embassy of the United States: Trinidad & Tobago
- Embassy of Trinidad & Tobago, Washington DC
NALIS provides library services including providing access to information on Trinidad & Tobago. NALIS has an online catalog and a series of subject guides on local topics related to the history, culture and government of Trinidad & Tobago.
NALIS of Trinidad & Tobago maintains a Digital Library that provides access to:
NALIS also provides access to:
- Newspaper Clippings
- Report of the Commission of Enquiry into the Functioning of the Elections and Boundaries Commission (2002) (Related newspaper articles) – Prior version of the NALIS Website as captured by the Internet Archive
- Rules and Regulations Governing the National Flag
- Regulations Governing the National Symbols of Trinidad & Tobago
The National Archives of Trinidad & Tobago (NATT) is the repository for permanent records and archives of the Government as well as historical records of national significance.
Taking over the work of the now defunct Government Information Service Limited (GISL), the Ministry of Public Administration and Communications provides news on the government.
- Press Releases from the Trinidad & Tobago government and from CARICOM.
- Full-text of speeches made by government officials
- Trinidad & Tobago Gazette (2000 – present).
Government News Sources
- Latest News aboutthe Office of the Parliament, Trinidad & Tobago
- Tobago House of Assembly News
- Office of the Financial Services Ombudsman News
- Caribbean Community (CARICOM) News
It is known in Trinidad & Tobago that the accuracy of the information in these newspapers is not guaranteed.
- CNC 3 from Trinidad & Tobago
- Caribbean Communications Network (CCN) TV6
- The Islamic Network
- Islamic Broadcasting Network (IBN) TV Channel 8
- Trinidad & Tobago Online Radio Stations - List maintained by Trinidad & Tobago News.
- Wired 
- Office of Disaster Preparedness TT
- Trinidad & Tobago News
- TT Parliament
- The Ministry of Health TT
- Sweet TNT Magazine
- Hugh Wooding Law School
- University of the West Indies, Faculty of Law, Cave Hill Campus
- University of the West Indies at Saint Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago - Faculty of Law
- The Commonwealth Caribbean's Council of Legal Education
- The Law Association of Trinidad & Tobago: Media Releases.
- Commonwealth Lawyer’s Association
- List of law Firms in Trinidad - Maintained by HG, browsable by practice area and by city.
- Yemisi Dina, UPDATE: Guide to Caribbean Law Research, GlobaLex (November/December 2018)
- Republic of Trinidad & Tobago Resources - Commonwealth Legal Information Institute (CLII)
- United States Law Library of Congress – Guide to Law Online – Trinidad & Tobago
- Commonwealth Foundation
- Fifth Summit of the Americas
- Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat
- Organization of American States
- Organization of Eastern Caribbean States
- Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court – Online access to Judgments and to Court rules
- Caribbean Court of Justice – Also see Caribbean Court of Justice: A Research Guide (2008 LLRX Guide by Yasmin Morais)
- The American and Caribbean Law Initiative – Stetson University
- ADR in Trinidad & Tobago (PDF)
- Legal Aid in Trinidad & Tobago (PDF)
- Jurisprudence in Trinidad & Tobago (PDF)