By Oswald Jansen
Update by Angélique Bessems
Mrs. Angélique Bessems holds a LL.M Master of Law Degree in Dutch law and is working for the Maastricht University Library as a specialist Legal Scientific Information & Skills Support. She is also an active member, secretary, of the Juridische Bibliothecarissen Overleg (JUBO), the Dutch Association of University Law Libraries.
Published January/February 2020
Table of Contents
- 1. The Dutch Legal System
- 2. Sources of law
- 3. Legal Resources and References
- 4. Law Schools and the Legal Profession
The Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) was founded in 1813. It was part of France from 1795 until 1813. Before 1795, the greater part of the current territory was governed by a confederation of sovereign provinces (Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden).
Since 1814 there has been a hereditary monarchy, occupied in turn by Kings William I, William II and William III, followed by the Princess Regent Emma and Queens Wilhelmina, Juliana, Beatrix and King Willem-Alexander.
Some former colonies (the Dutch Caribbean) are still part of the kingdom. From October 2010, the kingdom consists of four countries: Aruba, Curacao, St. Maarten and the Netherlands, and three public entities associated with the Netherlands: Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (BES islands). These BES islands are, in terms of legislation and practical functioning, much like Dutch municipalities. For more general information about the legal system of the Dutch Caribbean, see the Dutch Caribbean Legal Portal.
The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the monarch (king or queen), who must adhere to the Constitution. The Constitution lays down that the ministers, not the monarch, are responsible for government policy. The monarch is therefore not accountable to the parliament. The government of the Netherlands consists of the King and his ministries. The ministers in the government and the state secretaries form the Cabinet. The Cabinet governs the country and carries out policy. The Cabinet is regulated by Parliament.
The government is comprised of over 1,600 organizations and bodies, including 12 ministries, 12 Provinces and, as of January 2019, 355 municipalities (Dutch: gemeenten) plus 3 special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten). It also includes autonomous administrative authorities, such as police regions and chambers of commerce, the water authorities and public bodies for industry and the professions. At the same time, many organizations that we might assume form part of government are in private hands. They include health insurance funds, boards of private schools and benefit agencies such as the UWV (Employee Insurance Agency).
The Netherlands is a parliamentary democracy, and parliament therefore has the last word. The Dutch Parliament is called ‘the States General’. It consists of two chambers: the directly elected House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer) and indirectly elected Senate (Eerste Kamer). Together they constitute the legislative assembly.
The House of Representatives is the more powerful of the two. This is where government coalitions are formed and collapse, and where ministers must come to defend their policies. No minister or government can survive a vote of no confidence in the House of Representatives.
Parliamentary documents (Handelingen, Kamerstukken, en Kamervragen) are available as of 1-1-95 at Overheid.nl. Historical documents of the Dutch Parliament between 1814-1995 are digitally available and accessible through ‘Zoeken in historische publicaties’, formerly known as Staten-Generaal Digitaal, and part of Overheid.nl.
General information about the Dutch Judiciary and the Supreme Court of the Netherlands can be found on the website Rechtspraak.nl. The Dutch judicial system consists of the following organisations:
- District Courts (Rechtbanken): The Netherlands is divided into eleven districts, each with its own court.
- Courts of Appeal (Gerechtshoven): The eleven districts are divided into four areas of jurisdiction: The Hague and Amsterdam in the west, Arnhem-Leeuwarden in the east and north and ‘s-Hertogenbosch in the south.
As the highest court in the fields of civil, criminal and tax law, the Supreme Court (Hoge Raad) is responsible for hearing appeals in cassation and for a number of specific tasks which are charged by law. There are three special tribunals in the Netherlands that are competent in specific areas of administrative law:
Central Appeals Tribunal (Centrale Raad van Beroep) which is mainly active in legal areas pertaining to social security and the civil service.
Trade and Industry Appeals Tribunal (College van beroep voor het bedrijfsleven) also known as Administrative High Court for Trade and Industry, is a specialized court which rules on disputes in the area of social-economic administrative law. In addition, this appeals tribunal also rules on appeals for specific laws, such as the Competition Act and the Telecommunications Act.
Council of State Administrative Jurisdiction Division (Raad van State-Afdeling Bestuursrechtspraak) is the highest general administrative court in the Netherlands. It hears appeals lodged by members of the public or companies against decisions or orders given by municipal, provincial or central government. Disputes may also arise between two public authorities.
In the famous Costa-Enel case (6/64), the Court of Justice of the European Community ruled that European law is an integral part of the national legal system of the EC member countries and takes precedence over national law. Therefore, one cannot fully ascertain the applicable law without researching the relevant European law. The Supreme Court has accepted the supremacy of European law in 2004 when it handed down a judgment in a case concerning the impact of Regulation 3280/85/EEC on criminal law (HR 02-11-2004, ECLI:NL:HR:2004:AR1797, m.nt. E.A. Alkema). Since then, the autonomous implementation of European law has been the starting point for the Netherlands. [Altena, J.G.H., Het legaliteitsbeginsel en de doorwerking van Europees recht in het Nederlandse materiële strafrecht, 2016-09-22]. The Eur-Lex database contains, inter alia, all Community legislation in force.
Another judicial institution, which is increasingly influencing Dutch law, is the European Court of Human Rights, the judicial organ of the European Convention on Human Rights. More information can be found in James Hart’s The European Human Rights System and Sophie Lobey’s The Council of Europe on GlobaLex.
As to the effect of general public international law in the Dutch legal order one has to look at articles 93 and 94 of the Constitution. These articles provide for the direct effect (self-execution) of provisions of treaties and of resolutions of international organisations if they are binding on all persons by virtue of their contents. When the Dutch judge rules that such a provision has direct effect, a citizen can invoke the provision in his case and the provision will then prevail over conflicting Dutch law. The question of direct effect is well explained in:
- Bruno de Witte, 'Direct Effect, Primacy and the Nature of EU Law', in P. Craig and G. de Burca (eds), The Evolution of EU Law, 2nd ed., OUP 2011.
- Dorota Leczykiewicz, 'Effectiveness of EU Law before National Courts', in D. Chalmers and A. Arnull (eds), Oxford Handbook of European Union Law, OUP 2015.
The most important form of legislation is the legislation made by the central government in cooperation with the parliament: wetgeving in formele zin (acts of parliament).
The Acts of Parliament may delegate legislative power to lower public authorities, such as the Cabinet (the Queen and all Ministers, also called the ‘Crown’; Article 45 Con.), a Minister (Article 43 and 44 Con.), a State Secretary (Article 46 Con.) and the Mayor or Municipal Council. Laws issued by a Minister or State Secretary are called ‘algemene maatregel van bestuur’ (‘Orders in Council’; Article 89 Con.) or ministeriële regelingen (‘Ministerial Regulations’). Laws made by a province or municipality are called Verordeningen ('Provincial Ordinance' or 'Municipal Ordinance'), and those made by Water Boards are called Keuren.
Free Internet Services: Examples (in Dutch) of various forms of legislation can be found at Overheid.nl, the Dutch government's internet portal. Wet-en Regelgeving (Legal and Regulatory Framework) is the legal sub-site of this portal. It is managed by SDU Uitgevers, a private company, and falls under the responsibility of the finance ministry. The site Wet-en Regelgeving gives users access to consolidated texts of Dutch laws that have been in force or repealed since 1 May 2002. The consolidated texts available on Wet-en Regelgeving are not official texts. Only those texts published in official journals (Staatsblad for laws, Staatscourant for regulations) and by state authorities have official status. Publications from 1 January 1995 in the Staatsblad and the Staatscourant are available online. Before 1995, the Staatsblad can be found digitally via Delpher. Digital versions of the Staatscourant can, up to 1950, also be found on Delpher. Treaties, to which the Netherlands is a party, are officially published from 1951 in the Tractatenblad (Bulletin of Treaties).
Paid Subscriptions: The collected texts of legislation are also available in
- OpMaat (online database), published by SDU.
- Kluwer Navigator (online database), published by Kluwer.
- Legal Intelligence, published by Kluwer and Rechtsorde, published by SDU (legal search engines). They index both legal documents from Dutch publishers and freely available internet resources. Additional articles, books, commentaries, jurisprudence, legislation, treaties and official publications can be found at Kluwer, Sdu, Paris, Boom, rechtspraak.nl, overhead.nl, EUR-Lex, etc.
- The Civil Code of the Netherlands/transl. from the Dutch by Hans Warendorf, Richard Thomas and Ian Curry-Sumner, Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2013 (2nd ed), ISBN 9789041134127.
- The Dutch Copyright Act, including the Dutch Copyright Contract Act /ed. by Visser, Schaap & Kreijger. Amsterdam: DeLex, 2015, ISBN 9789086920563.
- Dutch Patents Act 2010. Amstelveen: DeLex, 2010, ISBN 978-90-8692-025-9.
- The Dutch penal code/transl. [from the Dutch] by Louise Rayar and Stafford Wadsworth; in collab. with Mona Cheung, et al.; rev. by Hans Lensing; introd. by Grat van den Heuvel and Hans Lensing, Littleton, Colorado: Rothman, 1997, ISBN 0-8377-0050-7.
- Integration at the border: the Dutch Act on integration abroad and international immigration law/Karin de Vries. Oxford: Hart, 2013 ISBN 9781849464109.
- New Dutch Insurance Contract Law, J.H. Wansink & J.G.C. Kamphuisen. deLex, 2011, ISBN 9789086920037.
English Translations (Internet)
- Constitution of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 2018.
- Criminal Code of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
- Dutch Civil Code.
- Code of Civil Procedure.
- General Administrative Law Act.
- Provinces Act 6-05-2014.
- Municipalities Act 12-11-2013.
- Telecommunications Act 12-08-2012.
- Legislationline Netherlands (OSCE)
- Mining Act (Mijnbouwwet), effective 1st January 2003 (as amended up to 1st January 2019).
Free Internet Services
- Rechtspraak.nl (selected full-text judgments in Dutch).
- Legal intelligence Rechtsorde provide access to freely available internet resources such as Rechtspraak.nl and to a selection of (case law) journals to which the university has subscribed.
- College voor de rechten van de mens highlights, monitors and protects human rights, promotes compliance of human rights (including equal treatment) in practice, policy and legislation, and raise awareness of human rights in the Netherlands. Judgments of this board can be found under the drop-down menu under Oordelen, only in Dutch.
- Domeinnaamjurisprudentie publishes Dutch judicial decisions and articles relating to domain names and .nl domain names in particular, only in Dutch.
- Autoriteit Consument & Markt (ACM) is an independent regulator that champions the rights of consumers and businesses. ACM is charged with competition oversight, sector-specific regulation of several sectors, and enforcement of consumer protection laws. Court rulings and decisions can be found under the drop-down menu under Publications.
- Netherlands Commercial Court is a specialised court for efficient dispute resolution of civil or commercial matters with an international aspect. Based in Amsterdam, the NCC operates under Dutch procedural law, which is highly regarded for its pragmatism and efficiency, while the working language of the NCC is English.
The main Dutch law reports are Nederlandse Jurisprudentie (NJ), Administratiefrechtelijke Beslissingen (AB), Kort Geding (KG) and Rechtspraak van de Week (RvdW). These are both available in print format and online published by Kluwer.
English translations of Dutch case law are scarce. There are a few periodicals, however, which publish English summaries of case law:
- Netherlands Yearbook of International Law ("Netherlands judicial decisions involving questions of public international law"). Most of these summaries are reproduced in the International Law Reports.
- Netherlands International Law Review ("Netherlands judicial decisions involving questions of private international law").
- Uniform Law Review ("International Transport Law Conventions: A Digest of Recent Decisions by Courts in the Netherlands", by R. Cleton).
- Electronic journal of comparative law 1997-2011, publishes articles relating to comparative private and public law, comparative legal aspects of information technology and the methodology of comparative law.
- Erasmus law review seeks to foster independent critical scholarship as relevant to the discipline of law.
- Tilburg Law Review, the Journal of International and European Law (TLR), is a peer-reviewed journal which promotes the legal analysis of current societal problems arising at the European and international level.
- Europe and the World: A law review, is a fully peer reviewed, open access journal primarily offering legal doctrinal and theoretical analyses, but also publishes multi-disciplinary work and political science and international relations contributions with an external perspective on the law of EU’s external relations.
- Utrecht Law Review, is an open-access peer-reviewed journal to offer an international platform for cross-border legal research.
- Family & Law is an online open access forum in the field of family law in Belgium and the Netherlands.
- Law and Method publishes articles about methodological issues concerning law as an academic discipline and its relation to other disciplines.
- Netherlands Administrative Law Library publishes articles in the field of administrative law both in Dutch and in English. This journal is no longer updated, from 2017.
- Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy is an international journal, devoted to the study of legal philosophy and jurisprudence.
- Delpher: In Delpher you can find millions of digital texts from Dutch papers, books, magazine, and radio bulletins that you can search word for word. The texts are from collections of divers academic organisations, libraries and heritage organisations.
- SSRN: This library contains abstracts and full text papers of published articles, book chapters and working papers. Most papers can be downloaded for free. It is not required to have a subscription or account to download papers.
- NARCIS provides access to scientific information, including (open access) publications from the repositories of all the Dutch universities, KNAW, NWO and a number of research institutes, datasets from some data archives as well as descriptions of research projects, researchers and research institutes.
- DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals contains information (and direct links to the full text) about more than 245 legal open access journals.
- Introduction to Dutch Law/ed. By J.M.J. Chorus. The Hague: Kluwer, 2016 (5th ed), ISBN 9789041166639.
- Understanding Dutch law, Sanne Taekema, Annie de Roo, Carinne Elion-Valter. Boomjuridisch, 2011 (second edition), ISBN 9789089744760
- Dutch law in English, A. dop. Wolters Kluwer, 2013 (2nd edition), ISBN 9789013111972.
- Netherlands Reports to the International Congress of Comparative Law:
- The Maastricht Collection. 4 vols. By Sascha Hardt, Nicole Kornet. Groningen: Europa Law Publishing 2019, ISBN: 9789089522115
- Understanding Dutch law. By Sanne Taekema Annie de Roo. Boom Juridische uitgevers, 2011, 2nd Revised edition, ISBN 9789089744760
- Dutch Law in Action. By Fred J. Bruinsma. ArsAequi Juridische uitgeverij 2003, 1e druk, ISBN 9789069164960.
- Dutch Civil Law: online information in English on the principles and provisions of Dutch Civil Law, the Dutch legal order and the rules of private international law of the Netherlands.
- Century of Dutch copyright law: Auteurswet 1912-2012/ed. By Bernt Hugenholtz. Amsterdam: DeLex, 2012, ISBN 9789086920389
- Intellectual property law in the Netherlands, P.L. Reeskamp. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002, ISBN: 9041118136
- Litigation in the Netherlands: civil procedure, arbitration and administrative litigation, Marieke van Hooijdonk and Peter Eijsvoogel. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2012 (2nd ed), ISBN 9789041141439
- The Annual Accounts in the Netherlands: a guide to Title 9 of the Netherlands Civil Code, Peter Thomson, Fred van der Giessen en Dingeman Manschot. Deventer: Kluwer, 2012, ISBN 9789013106954
- Litigation in the Netherlands; civil procedure, arbitration and administrative litigation, Marieke van Hooijdonk. Kluwer Law International, 2012 (second edition), ISBN 9789041141439.
- The development of European private law in a multilevel leal order, Esther van Schagen. Intersentia, 2 Ius Commune Europaeum. 2 016 (1ste edition), ISBN 9781780683676.
- Civil Procedure in EU Competition Cases before the English and Dutch Courts, Mirjan Freudenthal, George Cumming. WoltersKluwer, 2010, ISBN 9789041131928.
- Sukuk Structures: Legal Engineering Under Dutch Law. By Omar Salah. BoomJuridisch 2014, ISBN 9789462363922.
- Children and their parents, Machteld Vonk. Antwerp: Intersentia, 2007, ISBN 9789050957328
- Family law legislation of the Netherlands: a translation including Book 1 of the Dutch Civil Code, procedural and transitional provisions and private international law legislation, Ian Sumner and Hans Warendorf. Antwerp: Intersentia, 2003, ISBN 905953409
- Inheritance law legislation of the Netherlands: a translation of Book 4 of the Dutch Civil Code, Ian Sumner and Hans Warendorf. Antwerp: Intersentia, 2005, ISBN 9050954448
- Children and the law in the Netherlands A comparative introduction, Ido Weijers. Eleven International publishing, 2018 (2nd edition), ISBN 9789462368552.
- Divided parents, shared children: legal aspects of (residential) co-parenting in England, the Netherlands and Belgium, Natalie Nikolina. Intersentia, 2015 (1st edition), ISBN 9781780683416.
Law of Obligations
- Contract Law in the Netherlands, A.S. Hartkamp and M.M.M. Tillema. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2015 (2nd ed), ISBN 9789041161581
- The principles of European contract law and Dutch law: a commentary, D. Busch et al. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002, ISBN 9041117490
- Contract Law, Jan M Smits. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017 (2nd ed.), ISBN 9781785368769.
- Cases, Materials and Text on Property Law, Sjef van Erp, Bram Akkermans. Hart Publishing, 2012 (1ste edition), ISBN 9781841137506.
Private International Law
- Book 10 civil code: on the Dutch conflicts of law, M.H. ten Wolde e.a. Groningen: Hephaestus, 2011, ISBN 9789077096352
- Private International Law in the Netherlands, R. van Rooij and M.V. Polak. Deventer: Kluwer, 1987 (ISBN 90-411-0084-9) with update of 1995 (ISBN 90-6544-286-3)
- The Citizen in European Private Law, Caroline Cauffman, Jan M. Smits. Intersentia, 2016, ISBN 9781780687223.
- The Netherlands journal of private international law, Nederlands Internationaal Privaatrecht (NIPR), is a refereed journal that offers a forum for academic debate and informative contributions for practitioners on fundamental and topical issues in the area of private international law.
- Banking and securities regulation in the Netherlands, Bas Jennen and Niels van de Vijver. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2010, ISBN 9789041128638
- Comparative and international perspectives on bankruptcy law reform in the Netherlands/ed. By R.D. Vriesendorp et.al. Center for Company Law, 2001, ISBN 9054541091
- Corporate law and practice of the Netherlands/ed. By S.R. Schuit. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2013 (3rd ed) ISBN 9789041128645
- Corporate law in the Netherlands. By M H Muller. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2013, Edition: [3rd ed.], ISBN: 9789041128645
- Corporate law in the Netherlands. By M H Muller. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2013, Edition: [3rd ed.], ISBN: 9789041128645.
- Financial law in the Netherlands/ ed. by Marcel C.A. van den Nieuwenhuijzen. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2010. ISBN 9789041128577
- A guide to the NAI arbitration rules: including a commentary on Dutch arbitration law/ed. by Bommel van der Bend, Marnix Leijten, Marc Ynzonides. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2009, ISBN 9789041127341
- Netherlands insolvency law: the Netherlands Bankruptcy Act and the most important legal concepts, P.J.M. Declercq. The Hague: TMC Asser press, 2002, ISBN 9067041440
- New Dutch insurance contract law/official text in Dutch, transl. in English, French and German; introd. commentaries by J.H. Wansink, J.G.C. Kamphuisen, W.M.A. Kalkman. Amstelveen: deLex, 2006, ISBN 9086920039
- Reform of Dutch private company law, Maarten J. Kroeze et al. In: Private company law reform. The Hague: TMC Asser press, 2010, ISBN 9789067042512
- An introduction to Dutchtaxlaw 2010/ed. by Carl van Suchtelen. Amsterdam: Ernst & Young, 2010
- The Netherlands in International Tax Planning, Johann Müller. IBFD, 2008 (Second Revised Edition), ISBN 9789087220242.
- Competition law of the European Union and the Netherlands: an overview, T.R. Ottervanger and S.J. van der Voorde. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002, ISBN 9041118969
- Towards a European Unfair Competition Law: A Clash Between Legal Families: a Comparative Study of English, German and Dutch Law in Light of Existing European and International Legal Instruments. By De Vrey, Rogier W. Leiden [Netherlands]: Brill | Nijhoff. 2006, ISBN 9789004150409
- Dutch telecommunications law, Peter V. Eijsvoogel and Hendrik Jan de Ru. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2001, ISBN 9041114696
Constitutional and Administrative Law
- Constitutional law of the Netherlands: an introduction, Constantijn Kortmann and Paul Bovend’Eert. Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer Law International, 2013 (2nd rev. Ed.), ISBN 9789041140609
- The Kingdom of the Netherlands, Leonard F.M. Besselink; in: Constitutional law of the EU member states. Deventer: Kluwer, 2014, ISBN 9789013091762, pp. 1187-1241
- Nationality law of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in international perspective, G.R. de Groot and C. Bollen (2004)
- The Netherlands Constitution 1848-1998: historical reflections, J.W. Sap. Utrecht: Lemma, 2000 ISBN 9789051898729
- The Netherlands: fundamental structures of the constitution of the Netherlands by Leonard F.M. Besselink (2006)
- A survey of Dutch administrative law, Brouwer JG, Schilder AE. Ars Aequi Libri, 1998, ISBN 9069163020
- Constitutions Compared An Introduction to Comparative Constitutional Law, Aalt Willem Heringa, Philipp Kiiver. Intersentia, 2016 (4th Revised edition), ISBN 9781780683997.
- Euthanasia and Law in the Netherlands, Griffiths J, Weyers H and Bood A. Amsterdam University Press, 1998, ISBN 9789053562758
- The Dutch criminal justice system: organization and operation, Peter J.P. Tak. Nijmegen: Wolf Legal Publishers, 2008, ISBN 9789058503428
- Netherlands’ report for the International Association of Penal law on Ne bis in idem, A. Klip and H. van der Wilt (2004)
- Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union Volume 1 A Comparative Analysis, Katalin Ligeti. Hart Publishing, 2012 (1ste edition), ISBN 9781782250449.
- Force & Marriage The criminalisation of forced marriage in Dutch, english and international criminal law, Iris Haenen. Intersentia, 2014 (1ste edition), ISBN 9781780682525.
- The Netherlands in court: Essays in honour of Johan G. Lammers by Blokker, N., & Lammers, J. G. Leiden etc.: Nijhoff, 2006, ISBN 109004147050.
- Comparative concepts of criminal law, Johannes Keiler, David Roef. Intersentia, 2019 (3rd edition), ISBN 9781780686851.
- Dutch prisons, M. Boone, Martin Moerings. BJu Legal publishers, 2007, ISBN 9789054549048.
- Acting Together in Crime A Comparative Analysis of Joint Perpetration and Assistance to Criminal Offences under French, German, Austrian and Italian Criminal Law in Light of Five Dutch Supreme Court Cases, Laura Peters. Eleven International publishing, 2018 (1st edition), ISBN 9789462368538.
- Pre-Trial Detention in the Netherlands: Legal Principles Versus Practical Reality: Research Report, Crijns, J. H., Leeuw, B.J.G, Wermink, H.T. Eleven International Publishing, 2016, ISBN 9789462366879.
- Cybercrime Among Companies: Research Into Cybercrime Victimisation Among Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises and One-man Businesses in the Netherlands, Veenstra, Sander, Zuurveen, Renske, Stol, Wouter. Eleven International Publishing, 2016, ISBN 9789462366527.
- The Reform of the Dutch Code of Criminal Procedure in Comparative Perspective, Groenhuijsen, M. S., Kooijmans, T. Brill | Nijhoff, 2012, ISBN 9789004204935.
- The Containment of Organised Crime and Terrorism: Thirty-Five Years of Research on Police, Judicial and Administrative Cooperation, Fijnaut, Cyrille J. C. F. Brill | Nijhoff, 2016, ISBN 9789004281936.
- Six Centuries of Criminal Law: History of Criminal Law in the Southern Netherlands and Belgium (1400-2000), Monballyu, Jos. Brill | Nijhoff, 2014, ISBN 9789004269941.
Labor and Social Security Law
- Employment law and work councils of The Netherlands, Ferdinand B.J. Grapperhaus and Leonard G. Verburg The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2009, ISBN 9789041128584
- A critical perspective on the reform of Dutch social security law, Anja Eleveld. Leiden Universiy Press, 2013, ISBN 9789087281748.
- Dismissal Law in the Netherlands, de Blecourt, Mirjam. Eleven International Publishing, 2016, ISBN 9789462366503.
- Labour law in the Netherlands, A. Jacobs. The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2015 (2nd ed), ISBN 9789041158932
- European and Dutch Water law, H.F.M. van Rijswick and H.J.M. Havekes. Groningen: European Law Publishing, 2011, 9789089521071
- Judicial Review in Dutch Environmental Law: General Observations, Jurgen de Poorter, Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Saskia Lavrijssen. T.M.C. Asser Press, 2019, ISBN 9789462653061
- Judicial Review in Dutch Environmental Law: General Observations, Jurgen de Poorter, Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Saskia Lavrijssen. T.M.C. Asser Press, 2019, ISBN 9789462653061
- Medical Law in the Netherlands, Herman Nys. Kluwer law International, 2018, ISBN 9789403505404
- A Century of Dutch Copyright Law, Dirk Visser, Antoon Quaedvlieg, Bernt Hugenholtz. deLex, 2012, ISBN: 9789086920372.
In addition, both the “Index to Legal Periodicals” and the “Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals” (available in paper edition and online database) contain many references to journal articles dealing with Dutch legal issues. This is also the case for the Legal Journals Index (LJI), part of Westlaw's database. This index provides citations to articles in over 800 legal journals published in the United Kingdom and other European countries from 1986 to the present. The index covers topics pertaining to the laws of the European Union and its member states. Citations include abstracts and links to the full text of the article and referenced cases when available.
- Dutch Caribbean Legal Portal: news and general information about the legal system of the Dutch Caribbean, its institutions and its practitioners. This portal strives to be the complete database of legal news, contacts and documents for the Dutch Caribbean
- Recht.nl is a website for legal professionals in the Netherlands. Students and staff of universities of applied sciences and universities have access completely free of charge. The five most important parts of Recht.nl are: Legal News, Professional Literature, Jurisprudence, Vacaturebank and Agenda.
- Rechtennieuws.nl is an information portal aimed at (future) legal professionals. Legal news is classified in various areas of law. Rechtennieuws.nl is completely free and publicly accessible.
- Juridisch-economisch lexicon: The legal and economic lexicon/Aart van den End. Deventer: Kluwer, 2016 (6th, rev. edition), ISBN 9789013134810.
- Dutch legal terminology in English, Tony Foster. Deventer, Kluwer, 2009. ISBN 9789013064179
- Groot juridisch woordenboek: beschrijvende definities van termen binnen de Nederlandse rechtspraktijk; inclusief een Engelse vertaling van de termen en verwijzingen naar relevante jurisprudentie, Wasima Khan. Sdu Uitgevers, 2018, ISBN 9789012402170.
- Nederlandse rechtsbegrippen vertaald: Frans, Engels, Duits (Dutch legal terms translated: French, English, German)/ed. by J.H.M. van Erp., 3d ed. 's-Gravenhage: T.M.C. Asser Press, 2006, 3d ed., ISBN 9789067041935
- Le Docte, Edgard, Dictionnaire de termes juridiques en quatre langues = Viertalig juridisch woordenboek = Legal dictionary in four languages = Rechtswörterbuch in vier Sprachen. Antwerpen: Intersentia, 2011, ISBN 9789050951265
- Elsevier's Legal Dictionary: in English, German, French, Dutch, and Spanish, D.C. Van Hoof, D. Verbruggen and C.H. Stoll. Elsevier, 2003 (2. Impr.), ISBN 0444817859.
The Leidraad voor juridische auteurs 2016 contains guidelines on how to cite Dutch legislation, case law, parliamentary documents and literature.
- Amsterdam Law School University of Amsterdam
- Faculty of Law Free University of Amsterdam
- Faculty of Law University Groningen
- Leiden Law School Leiden University
- Faculty of Law University of Maastricht
- Faculty of Law Radboud University Nijmegen
- Erasmus School of Law Erasmus University Rotterdam
- Tilburg Law School Tilburg University
- Utrecht School of Law Utrecht University
- Open University Heerlen
- Council for the Judiciary (Raad voor de rechtspraak)
- Netherlands Bar Association (Nederlandse Orde van Advocaten) is the public law professional body for all advocates in the Netherlands
- Legal Aid Board (Raad voor Rechtsbijstand)
- Royal Dutch Association of Civil-law Notaries (Koninklijke Notariële Beroepsorganisatie)
- Royal Professional Organization of Judicial Officers in The Netherlands (Koninklijke Beroepsorganisatie van Gerechtsdeurwaarders)
- The Dutch Association for the Judiciary, the union of public prosecutors and judges in the Netherlands (NVvR Nederlandse Vereniging voor Rechtspraak)