A Guide to Legal Research in Bosnia and Herzegovina
by Mirela Rozajac
Mirela Rozajac graduated in comparative literature and library science at the Department of Comparative Literature and Library Science of Faculty of Philosophy in Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina). During her studies she worked in international civil sector for youth peace promotion and as national coordinator for B&H for the NGO "Campus 15-Jugend wagt den Frieden". In 2002 she got an award from the Ministry of Education dedicated to talented students.Since November 2003 she has started her work as an Expert Counselor in the Library of Law faculty in Sarajevo, but she is still closely connected to her engagement in the non-governmental sector. As Expert Counselor in the Library she edited in co-authorship the Bibliography of Law faculty of University in Sarajevo: monograph publications (1946-2003). In 2004 she was the scholarship holder of Stiftung für internationale rechtliche Zusammenarbeit which gave her the opportunity to attend lectures of legal German language at the Goethe Institute in Bonn.
Published December 2005
Table of Contents
1.3. Brčko District
3.1. State Court of B&H
3.3. Case materials
4.1. Law faculties
4.3. Law libraries
Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is a parliamentary republic in South-Eastern Europe, on Balkan Peninsula. Rich cultural and political history of B&H is interwoven with periods of its independence and being a part of the great empires. After the period of Bosnian kingdom, from 15th century to 19th century B&H became part of the Ottoman Empire, and during 1878-1914 it was annexed to Austro Hungarian Monarchy. After the Second World War, together with republics Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia and two Autonomous Provinces Kosovo and Vojvodina, Bosnia and Herzegovina became a socialistic republic. All these republics formed the Socialistic Federative Republic of Yugoslavia.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (shortly after two other republics, Slovenia and Croatia) declared its independence again in 1992 when it was confirmed as a sovereign and independent state by the United Nations. Unfortunately, independence meant awful war and destruction which lasted four years and which had ended with the Dayton Peace Accord agreed in Dayton, Ohio in 1995, and officially signed in Paris in 1995. This war, together with the genocide and the aggression, introduced a modern democratic world society and legal terms such as crimes against civilians, ethnical cleansing and massive rapes. (More about crimes committed in former Yugoslavia and case material at the web site of International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia. One of the most important trials is the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, ex president of Serbia (1989) and later Yugoslavia (1997). )
It is really difficult to give precise information about the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina, since last official counting was done in 1991 and the result was 4,377,033; estimations are that over 250,000 people were killed or died during the war. The situation becomes even more complicated when one considers the great number of refugees, immigrants and disappeared persons. However, estimations are that B&H' population counts about 4,025,476. Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs constitute population of B&H, and the official languages are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian. Currency is BAM / KM, Bosnian mark or convertible mark. The capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo.
The state organization of Bosnia and Herzegovina is extremely complex. It was decided according to the Dayton Peace Accord and it respects ethnical lines which were established during the war. Main part of this article are legal information sources brought on the whole state level, however, it is necessary for legal researcher to be introduced with other levels of administration, since many laws are brought on entities levels or cantonal levels before they are even discussed within state parliament. This of course brings huge legal discrepancy into Bosnian legal system.
Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of the two entities and districts, Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine - F BiH (Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Republika Srpska - RS (Republic of Srpska) and District Brčko.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is a compound entity, divided into 10 cantons.
There is The Constitution of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina which proscribes that legislative authority in F BiH is Parliament consisted by The House of Representatives and the House of People. Laws and decisions of Parliament of F BiH as well as the text of federal Constitution one can find on official web site of the Parliament of F BiH, or in the Official gazette Sluzbene novine Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine which is published by Sluzbeni list BiH. Text of the Federal constitution is published in Sluzbene novine F BiH 1/94. The executive authority of FBiH is the President, the Vice-President and Ministers.
Republic of Srpska (RS) is the second entity. It also has a Constitution of Republic of Srpska. Legislative authority in Republic of Srpska is the National Assembly. Laws and regulations brought by National Assembly are published in the official gazette Sluzbeni glasnik Republike Srpske; also helpful would be the official site of the National Assembly. Executive authority in the Republic of Srpska is the Government of RS, which is constituted by a President, Vice president and ministers.
As it is already mentioned, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into ten administrative units, cantons. All cantons have their constitutions, based on federal constitution, legislative and executive authority. Cantonal laws are published in the Official gazettes of each canton.
Entities and cantons have their own judiciary authorities.
Brčko District is a special administrative unit, according to the final award of the Arbitration tribunal for Dispute over the Inter-Entity Boundary Line in Brčko Area. It is not part of the entities and it is subordinated only to state Bosnia and Herzegovina which is stated in the Statute of the Brčko District of Bosnia and Herzegovina (English version of the statute available here) This Statute regulates legislative, executive and judicial authorities of the District. Laws of Brčko District have to be harmonized with laws of the state. Most of laws and regulations of Brčko District one could find on District's web page, or in the official gazette published by Assembly of Brčko District - Sluzbeni glasnik Brčko Distrikta.
Before the 1992-1995 war, B&H was not organized in previously described manner, which means that in past ten years state had to accept and to apply an administrative apparatus very different from what we could consider as its tradition. B&H presents real rareness in constitutional-legal frame, while it has 13 valid constitutions (cantons, entities, state).
Besides the general text, composed of 11 articles, The General Peace Agreement for Bosnia and Herzegovina (Dayton Peace Accord) contains 11 annexes, by which the basic principles of the various aspects of the legal and state system of Bosnia and Herzegovina were founded.
The bases for the new constitutional and general legal and state system of Bosnia and Herzegovina were established by the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Therefore, the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina has a wide range of authorities given to the entities, and still leaving to the institutions of Bosnia and Herzegovina the authorities of the vital importance for the functioning of an internationally recognized state. The Constitutions of the entities have to be adopted in accordance with this Constitution, and also the system of the government at the level of the state of Bosnia and Herzegovina according to the competencies stated by this constitution. Regarding the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is interesting to mention that it is the case of so called "Octroyed Constitution" because no parliament declared itself about it, nor have its citizens did so by any means of personal declaration.
The Parliamentary assembly of B&H has two chambers: the House of Peoples and the House of Representatives. It is a legislative authority whose legislative decisions require the both chambers approval. All laws brought by parliamentary assembly of B&H are published in the official gazette Sluzbeni glasnik Bosne i Hercegovine, while international agreements are published in the official gazette Sluzbeni glasnik Bosne i Hercegovine - međunarodni ugovori. Subscriptions to these official gazettes go via Sluzbeni list B&H.
One can find laws and decisions which are adopted in parliamentary procedure on Parliament's web site, but this part of the site is only in constitutional languages of B&H.
It is of great importance for legal researcher to know that laws and regulations of different law branches one can't find in organized codes, as it is possible in other European countries (Austria, Germany, France, Switzerland etc.). There have been a few collections of B&H laws published as special publications. But they are not consolidated codes and one can never use these completely, because of potential amendments (the last one was published in 1999).
One has to have in mind that basic texts of many B&H laws go back in the period of Socialistic Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, while it was part of Yugoslavia, and they were amended in nowadays period of the Republic Bosnia and Herzegovina as independent country. Basically, to find a certain law or regulation and to follow its basic text and levels on which it has been brought (state, entities, cantons) one can use the annual official publication Pravni vodič (Legal guide). Pravni vodič is a register of laws and regulations which contains an index with subject terms in alphabetical order. After one finds a wanted term, one gets all the information needed about laws and regulations regarding it. Pravni vodič is published by Sluzbeni list B&H as well.
The presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of three members from three constitutional nations: one Bosniak and one Croat, each directly elected from the territory of the Federation and one Serb directly elected from the territory of the Republic of Srpska. From 1996 to 1998, Alija Izetbegovic carried out the duties of the Chair of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 1998, in accordance with the Constitution and Rules of Procedure, every eight months the Chair of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina rotates. Since June 2005 Chair of Presidency is Ivo Miro Jovic. But whole presidency's mandatory lasts four years (during which they have rotations every eight months). One can find more information about the Presidency in English here.
The Presidency nominates the Chair of the Council of Ministers, who takes office upon the approval of the House of Representatives. The Chair nominates a Foreign Minister, a Minister for Foreign trade and other Ministers who take office upon the approval of the House of Representatives. Together the chair and the Ministries constitute the Council of Ministries with responsibility for carrying out the policies and decisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the fields such as foreign affairs, monetary policies, and international and inter-entity criminal law enforcement. All further information about the Council of Ministers can be found on its official web site.
One of the most relevant and at the same time ambivalent institutions in the B&H political and administrative organization is a High Representative. High Representative is a person designated to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the Peace Agreement on behalf of the international community. He is also tasked with coordinating the activities of the civilian organizations and agencies operating in the Bosnia and Herzegovina. The mandate of the High Representative is set out in Annex 10 of Dayton Peace Agreement. It declares the High Representative the final authority in theatre to interpret the agreement on the civilian implementation of the peace settlement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC), a group of 55 countries and international organizations that sponsor and direct the peace implementation process, has subsequently elaborated on his mandate. The Steering Board of the PIC nominates the High Representative. The United Nations Security Council, which approved the Dayton Peace Agreement and the deployment of international troops in Bosnia and Herzegovina, then endorses the nomination. Current High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina is Paddy Ashdown.
All previously said on High Representative are official explanations of his service as they are written in Annex 10 of Dayton Peace Agreement and officially declared from the Office of High Representative, but designation of High Representative has many interpretations, not only within current local government and public, but international as well. Designation of High Representative caused interpretation of a country as a protectorate of international community, of course not de jure, but de facto. The main reasons for this are Decisions of High Representative, which are brought to solve different kind of issues and among them legislative as well. In case that parliamentary of B&H from many different reasons can't enact certain law, the High Representative will enact it through his decisions, for example: Decision Enacting the Law on Amendments to the Law on the Sales Tax on Products and Services, or Decision Enacting the Law on the Temporary Prohibition of Disposal of State Property of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are no many scholar papers devoted to the role of High representative, at least not in local languages. In case, one would like to gain more information on OHR, their web site is recommended. It is also possible to find some laws in English, but information is not updated from November 2004, which means that this information is rather old and one should try to find amendments. The best way to do that is through official gazettes which are in local languages. However, a good online source of all High Representative's decisions is the above mentioned web site.
There are courts of different jurisdictions in B&H. The least complicated way to explain them is, maybe, through following scheme:
Bosnia and Herzegovina:
1) Court of B&H (the highest judicial instance)
2) Constitutional court of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina:
1) Supreme Court of F B&H
2) Cantonal Courts
3) Municipality Courts
Republic of Srpska:
1) Supreme Court of RS
2) District Courts
3) Basic courts
Both entities have Constitutional Courts.
Brčko District :
1) Appeals Court
2) Basic Court
The higher instance of Appeals Court of Brčko District is the Court of B&H.
According to the Decision imposing the Law on the State Court of B&H brought by Wolfgang Petritsch (High Representative in period 1999-2002), the Law on the State Court of B&H was enacted and issued in the Official gazette of B&H No. 29 / 00. Three amendments were brought on this law (OG B&H : 15/02, 24/02, 3/03). The Court of B&H has a general department, criminal department, administrative department and appellative department. It is the highest judiciary instance in the State. Appeals on decisions of any above mentioned courts and decision of last judicial instance of District Brčko can be filed to this court.
From the historical background of The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina comes from its first establishement on 15 February 1964. Todays, The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Annex 4. of Dayton Peace Agreement) elaborates in its Preamble certain basic normative principles, such as the respect for human dignity, liberty and equality; the respect for peace, justice, tolerance, and reconciliation; and the respect for democratic governmental institutions and fair procedures, all of which being together representative of the best means of producing peaceful relations within a pluralistic society. Besides, Article II not only contains a comprehensive catalogue of human rights and fundamental freedoms, but also declares the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and its Protocols to be directly applicable in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Moreover, it is provided that the Convention shall also have priority over all other laws.
It is clear that Constitutional court of B&H should protect constitutionality of the state and human rights and fundamental freedoms of not only citizens of B&H, but citizens of any other nations. For appeal to Constitutional court of B&H is not necessary that appealent is B&H's citizen. More general information and information about organization and decisions of the constitutional court can be found on its web site.
One can freely say that, not only electronic collection of B&H case materials, but printed one as well, do not exist. Most of the courts publish bulletins of their court praxis in which one can find, not all, but most of the cases and decisions. That is the case with the Constitutional Court of B&H, Supreme Court of F B&H, and the Court of Canton Sarajevo. Soon one will also be able to find case materials on the web site of the Constitutional Court of RS. Besides the web sites of single courts, one can find reports on case materials in the following journals:
Law schools in B&H last four years. After finishing law school one gets a university degree and the title of "Graduate lawyer". In case a graduate wants to deal with legal practice, he has to do one year of internship after which follows the bar examination. After the bar examination and two years in legal practice, a lawyer has to register in a Register book in the Lawyers Association of F B&H or Lawyers Association of RS in order to work as an independent lawyer. Judges and prosecutors have to fulfill previously mentioned conditions regarding the educational part, but the nomination is done by the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of B&H- HJPC (except for Constitutional Courts).The official website of High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of B&H is http://www.hjpc.ba.
Almost every bigger city in Bosnia and Herzegovina has a law school which was not the case before 1992. There are law schools in: Sarajevo, Zenica, Tuzla, Bihać, Mostar ("Univerzitet Dzemal Bijedić), Mostar (Sveučiliste u Mostaru), Banja Luka, Eastern Sarajevo (Pale). The law school of Sarajevo, the capital city, has the greatest tradition and represents one of the oldest faculties in the country whose noble work couldn't stop even aggressor's shells between 1992-1995. The Law School in Sarajevo was founded on August 20th 1946. From that period to nowadays it offers, not only undergraduate studies, but postgraduate, specialized and doctoral studies as well.
(Building of University and Law School in Sarajevo)
According to the reform of high education and postulates of Bologna Declaration the Law School in Sarajevo adopted the new curriculum. The Law School has five departments:
Each department offers obligatory and elective subjects. In order to accommodate the law students with legal practice and not only theory, students have the opportunity to participate in legal clinics and workshops. In the frame of its publishing activities the Law School or the Law Faculty from Sarajevo publishes textbooks, legal books, collection of papers (mainly based on round tables with actual legal topics) and two periodical publications:
We are proud to announce that starting with the issue of 2005 the Yearbook of Law faculty from Sarajevo is going to be indexed by the Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals. For more information on Law faculty in Sarajevo, please check www.pfsa.unsa.ba.
There are two Centers for Judicial and Prosecutorial Training in B&H, one is in Sarajevo for F B&H and second one is in the Banja Luka for RS. The object of the Centers is to ensure, under the supervision of the High Judicial and Prosecutorial Council of Bosnia and Herzegovina that training programmes for judges and prosecutors are designed and implemented in the light of requirements of open-mindedness, competence and impartiality, which are bound up with exercise of judicial and prosecutorial duties. Main duties of Centers are:
Centers are obligated to create and implement advanced training for judges and prosecutors each calendar year.
For every librarian who loves his/her profession and feels a great bond to the library as a temple of human knowledge and prosperity, this part of paper should be the saddest one. War in the 1990s brought something what none of the wars before, even World Wars, brought to libraries - library science and librarianship. It was the complete destruction of buildings and awful pyres whose innocent victims, beside people, were books, manuscripts and funds in general. In June 1992, the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina was one of the first buildings attacked with shells and fire which as a result brought devastation of our national and cultural heritage, our history and literacy.
(The National library burning)
The same destiny caught, among many others, the Library of Oriental Institute and the one of the oldest libraries in the country, Gazi Husrev Bey's Library (1537). These libraries were not only temples of word, but architecture as well. The National and University Library was settled in the building of old city hall which has been built in the period 1892 - 1894, and officially given for use in 1896. It is difficult to give precise information on what we managed to save from our collections in article of this kind, but the truth is that the complete information infrastructure was destroyed. Today, in parallel with the reconstruction and the recovering, B&H information and library system is based on application of COBISS (Co-operative Online Bibliographic System & Services). This system is used in Slovenia, B&H, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro. In case you would like to get an on-line introduction to libraries which are in this system and their funds, please see the virtual library of B&H. Unfortunately, most of our libraries didn't automatize their work due to financial and above explained reasons.
Law libraries or archives one can find as parts of some courts, and mostly they offer case material and laws.
More detailed information on specialized law libraries will be devoted to the Library of Law faculty in Sarajevo, because it is the richest law library in the country and third due to the richness of its fund if one includes all libraries in counting (public, university, special, etc.), and the Library of Center for Human Rights of University in Sarajevo.
1) Library of Law Faculty from Sarajevo was founded as the integral part of Law Faculty in1946. It has 250 000 units of monograph publications and 2200 titles of periodical publications. Almost all funds were saved from war destructions and one can find there all laws going back to laws of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Until 2003 all items were processed manually, but in previous years we started to use the software ProCite 5 in order to create Bibliography of Law faculty in Sarajevo. In that time, since nothing was decided about software on the University level and in order to improve our services we continued to use this software to improve our services and make information retrieval more successful. In 2004 as a part of Faculty, The Library of the Seminar for Legal History was established. Collection of this library is a gift of PhD Mustafa Imamović, full professor at Law faculty in Sarajevo. This Library counts 1218 titles of monograph publications. Since 2004 all libraries of faculties of University in Sarajevo are subscribed to EBSCO data base and from the beginning of this year to the Emerald data base as well. Soon after war we did our best to reestablish our old national and international contacts and to establish new ones, mainly regarding interlibrary loan and exchange. The number of institutions with which we have this cooperation is 63 and we hope we will extend it more in the future. Unfortunately, the library still doesn't have OPAC, but accession lists, bibliography and much other information is available here.
2) The Center for Human Rights of the University from Sarajevo was founded with the basic idea to contribute to the implementation of internationally proscribed human rights through advising, information retrieval on documents and scholar papers, researches and education. On-line access to Fund of the Library of Center for Human Rights is provided through http://library.foi.hr . One of the most important projects recently done by the Center for Human Rights and NGO Infohouse with the help of numerous donors and friends is called The Gate - Virtual gate in the world of human rights. The main aim of this project is the creation of a comprehensive and reliable electronic archive of documents and information on human rights condition in B&H. One can find here instruments regarding human rights (state laws, entities laws, regional and international laws), including official documents of United nations and Council of Europe, subject and personal bibliographies, human rights in medias, B&H in medias in period 1992-2005 etc. All these very useful and needed information for everybody, from citizen to legal researcher, one can find on www.ljudskaprava.ba .
There are no large legal publishers in B&H. Legal publications or publications whose main subject is law are mainly published by Law faculties, institutions or even authors. Thanks to the kindness of Chief of ISBN Center B&H within National and University Library of B&H, Ms. Nevenka Hajdarovi˙, to this article is attached information on B&H publishers which publish issues whose subject is law.
The National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka Bosne i Hercegovine
Centar za ISBN Bosne i Hercegovine
71000 Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 8b
Tel/Fax: ++ 387 33 212 435, e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
Bosnia and Herzegovina (9958)
Nedeljka Čabrinovića 2, 78000 Banja Luka, T: (051)311120, 311121, Fax: (051)311126
Put Famosa 38, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (061)173780, T/Fax: (033)515050
Grbavička bb, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (061)207076
Branislava Đurđeva 8, 71000 Sarajevo
Bosanski kulturni centar
Branilaca Sarajeva 24, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)441798
Mehmed pase Sokolovića 24, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)212147, T/Fax: (033)200967
Radićeva 4, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)716450, 716451, (061)214268
Muhameda Hadzijahića 45, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)208693, 664757
Centar za ljudska prava Univerziteta u Sarajevu
Zmaja od Bosne 8, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)668251
Centar za promociju civilnog drustva
Nikole Kasikovića 7, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)213278
Hamze Hume 8, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)206963, 206962, (061)133260
Obala Kulina bana 22/II, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)472385, Fax: (033)472385, 667255
Mehmedalije Tarabara 20, 72000 Zenica, T: (032)401213, 401570, Fax: (032)418447
Ekonomski fakultet Sveučilista
USRC "Midhat Hujdur Hujka", 88000 Mostar, T/Fax: (036)570731, 570032
Fakultet kriminalističkih nauka Univerziteta u Sarajevu
Zmaja od Bosne 8, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)445452, 445453, Fax: (033)665461
Fakultet političkih nauka
Skenderija 72, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)618578, Fax: (033)666884
Mula-Mustafe Baseskije 11, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033) 532358, 210334, T/Fax: (033)210714, 204676
Federalno ministarstvo pravde
Valtera Perića 15, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)213151, Fax: (033)656743
Envera Sehovića 15, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)618184, 654859
Fondacija Heinrich Böll, Regionalni ured Sarajevo
Čekalusa 42, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)260450, Fax: (033)260460
Envera Sehovića 17a, Blazujski drum 2, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)657130, T/Fax: (033)408482,
Partizanski put bb, 75300 Lukavac, T/Fax: (035)567521
Helsinski komitet za ljudska prava u Bosni i Hercegovini
Ante Fiamenga 14b, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)230809, 230811
Alipasina 4, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)663954
Muhameda ef. Pandze 395, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)206012, T/Fax: (033)201842
Institucija ombudsmana Federacije Bosne i Hercegovine
Valtera Perića 15, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)211392, 211393, Fax: (033)653461
Institut za istoriju
Alipasina 9, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)471667, 209364
Institut za istrazivanje zločina protiv čovječnosti i međunarodnog prava
Gajev trg 4, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)264280, 207301, Fax: (033)212746
Luja Pastera 6, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)459167, (061)138089
Branka Majstorovića 3, 78000 Banja Luka, T/Fax: (051)218828, 203396
Visnjik 30, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)219040
El-Kalem, Rijaset Islamske zajednice BiH
Zelenih beretki 17, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)532255, 533000, Fax: (033)441800
Branilaca grada 34, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)443039, T/Fax: (033)412981
Ćemalusa 8, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)269600, (061)308850, T/Fax: (033)221728
Grbavička 78, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)613484
Hamdije Kresevljakovića 33, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)260391, T/Fax: (033)260390, 260392
Masinski fakultet Sarajevo
Vilsonovo setaliste 9, 71000Sarajevo, T: (033)656562, 653157, Fax: (033)653055
Media plan - Drustvo za obnovu i razvoj medija
Patriotske lige 30, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)206542, 213078, 213251
Ministarstvo pravde i uprave Kantona Sarajevo
R. Dz. Čausevića 1, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)663361, Fax: (033) 653754
Ministarstvo pravde Tuzlanskog kantona
Dzafer mahala 51, 75000 Tuzla, T: (035)251016, 251022, Fax: (035)251021
Turalibegova 39, 75000 Tuzla, T: (035)235463, 235494, Fax: (035)235464
Mula Mustafe Baseskije 64, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)446790
Office of Public Affairs Embassy of the United States of America, Sarajevo
Alipasina 43, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)445700, 619592, Fax: (033)619593
Otokara Kersovanija 78, 75000 Tuzla, T/Fax: (035)216097
M. Tita 38b/I, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)667791
Bobare 22, 74260 Tesanj, T/Fax: (032)661571, 661572, 661573, 660807, 660808
Obala Kulina bana 4, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)668426, 213758, Fax: (033)667667
S. Principa 29, 75000 Tuzla, T: (035)212897
Pravni centar Fonda otvoreno drustvo Bosne i Hercegovine
Obala Kulina bana 7, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)668687, Fax: (033)668683
Pravni fakultet Sveučilista u Mostaru
Matice hrvatske bb, 88000 Mostar, T/Fax: (036)322586
Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Bihaću
Mehe Hadziabdića bb, 77000 Bihać, T/Fax: (037)310990
Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu
Obala Kulina bana 7, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)537266, Fax: (033)206355
Rudarska 61, 75000 Tuzla, T/Fax: (035)282000, 283218, Fax: (035)311210
Privredna komora Bosne i Hercegovine
Branislava Đurđeva 10, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)663370, Fax: (033)663632
Dzemala Bijedića 185, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)456877, 546667
Lubina 5, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (061)100415, T/Fax: (033) 202314
B. Mutevelića 67, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)617255
Hamdije Čemerlića 35, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax (033)659946, 659938
Alipasina 41, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)664771
Samostalni sindikat sluzbenika i namjestenika organa uprave pravosuđa i sluzbi za upravu u Federaciji Bosni i Hercegovini
Obala Kulina bana 1, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)207024
Obala Kulina bana 4, 71000 Sarajevo T/Fax: (033)667735, 217182, 217183, 217170
Zelenih beretki 16, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)264361, T/Fax: (033)264360
Put za Opine 40, 88000 Mostar, T: (061)137085, T/Fax: (036)577481,
Sluzbeni list BiH
Magribija 3 , 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)663471, 207682, 651257, Fax: (033)663470
Studentska stamparija Univerziteta
Obala Kulina bana 7, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)526138, T/Fax: (033)211375
Sveučiliste u Mostaru
Trg Hrvatskih velikana 1, 88000 Mostar, T: (036)310378, Fax: (036)320365
Muhameda Kantardzića 3, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)443419, 664535, Fax: (033)443435
Soukbunar 12, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)220111, 210520, 218340, Fax: (033)668856
Gornjevakufska 13, 71270 Fojnica, T: (030)837014, (061)154573, Fax: (030)837223
Univerzitet "Dzemal Bijedić"
Trg 14. februara, 88000 Mostar, T: (036)571265
Univerzitet u Bihaću
Kulina bana 2/II, 77000 Bihać, T/Fax: (037)322022
Univerzitet u Sarajevu
Obala Kulina bana 7/II, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)668250, Fax: (033)663393
Univerzitet u Tuzli
Muharema Fizovića Fiska 6, 75000 Tuzla, T: (035)252058, Fax: (035)251405
U.S.C." M.H. Hujka" M. Tita bb, 88000 Mostar
Ustavni sud Bosne i Hercegovine
Dzemaludina Čausevića 6, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)251222, T/Fax: (033)663784
Vijeće Kongresa bosnjačkih intelektualaca
Valtera Perića 13, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)445451, 472560, 210982
Musala 1, 71000 Sarajevo, T: (033)663720, T/Fax: (033)668226
Trg heroja 14, 71000 Sarajevo, T/Fax: (033)610370
Zavičajni muzej Travnik
Mehmed-pase Kukavice 1, 72270 Travnik, T: (030)814140
Hrvatske mladezi bb, 88000 Mostar, T: (036)328411, 328331, Fax: (036)320239
There is nothing simple about B&H, even for people who have spent their whole living there. It is a small and beautiful country with a complicated background, too complicated that people usually give up trying to understand it. It has always been a spot where cultural, religious, ethnical differences met and recognized it as their only homeland. To mention that the medieval Bosnia didn't have a death penalty (it was shortly introduced only within SFRY), and our women got the right to vote in the beginning of twentieth century well before many developed democracies. The other side of the medal was, as pointed out in the beginning of this paper, that for too long we were under the regime of more powerful empires-states.
The aggression in 1992-1995 brought B&H back to the point where it has never been before. Now, ten years after war we are trying to recover and catch the step with the rest of the world regarding information science and librarianship, but everything goes too slow, mostly because today our values are turned up side down and because we have politicians who are not aware of the importance of a good, well organized information system.