UPDATE: Sustainable Development Law (SDL) Research Guide

 

By Gary Yessin

Update by Kristina Alayan

 

Gary Yessin had been the Reference Librarian at Florida A&M University College of Law in Orlando, Florida.  He has a J.D. from Stanford Law School, an M.S. in Library and Information Studies from Florida State University, and a B.A. in English (Phi Beta Kappa) from the University of Florida. 

 

Kristina Alayan is the Foreign & International Law Reference Librarian and Lecturing Fellow at the J. Michael Goodson Law Library at Duke Law. 

 

Published February 2014

See the Archive Version !

 

Table of Contents

1.      Introduction

2.      Searching Library Catalogs & Selected Monographs

2.1. Searching Library Catalogs

2.2.   Selected Monographs

3.      Treaties and Agreements

4.      Serials

5.      Academic Programs

6.      Research Guides

7.      Organizations

8.      Abbreviations

 

1.      Introduction

Historically, sustainable development law has often focused on environmental issues in developed countries.  Indeed, sustainable development was recognized long before the 1972 Stockholm UN Conference on the Human Environment (culminating in the Stockholm Declaration). Scholars, citizens, and government officials have debated the tension between the earth’s natural resources and the needs of both current and future generations. More recently, the field of Sustainable Development Law (SDL) has shifted to an integration of international economic, social, and environmental law. Human rights advocates hope that this more integrated approach will allow SDL to respond more nimbly to chronic, complex issues – like poverty.  “The link between poverty and environmental degradation is well recognized and constitutes, unfortunately, a vicious cycle: poverty leads to environmental degradation which, in turn, leads to more poverty which leads to even more environmental degradation” (p. 314-5, Segger and Khalfan, 2004). Still, one of the major issues in this area is whether "sustainable development" is law, soft law, or policy.  

 

Sustainable development law: principles, practices, and prospects (Segger and Khalfan, 2004) provides the best introduction to the emerging field of Sustainable Development Law (see below).  This guide will provide an extended introduction to the topic in an effort to aid legal researchers, but it is not intended to be comprehensive.  Researchers will likely find the interdisciplinary nature of this field to be challenging. SDL can be found in traditional primary law, as well as soft law. As this field evolves, policy and scholarly work will continue to move the discussion and legal developments forward.

 

2.      Searching Library Catalogs & Selected Monographs

 

2.1.      Searching Library Catalogs

Subject searches allow for more focused catalog searching with generally fewer, higher value results.  Some recommended starting points include the following:

 

·       Sustainable development -- Law and legislation

·       Sustainable development -- Law and legislation – [country]

·       Sustainable development -- International cooperation

 

·       Environmental law, International

·       Environmental protection -- International cooperation

·       Sustainable development

·       Sustainable development -- Environmental aspects

·       Sustainable development -- Environmental aspects – [country]

 

As Mary Rumsey noted in her GlobaLex Basic Guide to Researching Foreign Law , “Not every country will have materials indexed under every subject heading.”  As a result, researchers may need to expand their search using a broader keyword searches.  These searches may also be useful for highly specialized and developing areas of law. 

 

2.2.      S elected Monographs

 

·        Sustainable development, international criminal justice, and treaty implementation . Jodoin, Sebastien, and Segger, Marie-Claire Cordonier. Cambridge University Press, 2013; 367 p. See Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        This book includes contributions from both academics and practitioners examining the cross-section between international criminal law and SDL.

 

·        Natural Resources and the Green Economy: Redefining the Challenges for People, States and Corporations . Blanco, Elena, and Razzaque Jona. Martinus Nijhoff, 2012; 275 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        This edited compilation explores “the link between investment, trade and natural resource managements in the context of the growing economic inequalities between states” (publisher).

 

·        Environmental Law and Sustainability after Rio . Benidickson, Jamie, et al. Edward Elgar, 2011; 413 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        Academics from around the world examine the development of environmental law and sustainability since the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro.

 

·        The Evolution of Sustainable Development in International Law: Inception, Meaning and Status . Schrijver, Nico. Martinus Nijhoff, 2008; 265 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        This is the second volume in the Hague Academy of International Law Pocket Book series and contains the text of Professor Shrijver’s Hague Academy course.  The book examines the history of sustainable development, and assesses the extent to which relevant fields of international law are responding to these growing demands. 

 

·        Environmental Law for Sustainability: A Reader . Richardson, Benjamin J., and Wood, Stepan. Hart, 2006; 487 p. Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        This interdisciplinary reader includes original essays from both international and comparative perspectives on the law in sustainable development.  Topics covered range from predictions and developments to risk assessment, self-regulation and challenges for developing countries.

 

·        International law and policy of sustainable development . French, Duncan. Manchester University Press, 2005; 218 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        In addition to environmental and economic concerns, the book considers the politics of sustainable development and legal implications. Relevant legal instruments are critically examined.  The author concludes with challenges for future implementation.

 

·        Sustainable development in world trade law . Gehring, Markus W., and Segger, Marie-Claire Cordonier. Aspen Publishers, 2005; 735 p.  See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        In this collection of papers, sponsored by the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law, the authors review developments in WTO negotiations and WTO Appellate Body decisions from a SDL perspective.

 

·        Sustainable justice:  reconciling economic, social, and environmental law . Segger, Marie-Claire Cordonier, and Weeramantry, C. G. Martinus Nijhoff, 2005; 598 p.  See Table of Contents and other publisher information here

 

·        This edited collection includes a Preface by Harold Koh, and contributions from judges, academics, and stakeholders.  Chapters cover issues of implementation, courts and tribunals, recommendations for the future, as well as specific examples of and concerns related to SDL.   

 

·        International law and sustainable development:  principles and practice . Schrijver, Nico, and Weiss, Friedl. Martinus Nijhoff, 2004; 714 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here

 

·        The efforts of policymakers and interest groups to invoke and rely upon international law to further the goals of sustainable development are assembled and explored in this book.  It includes examples of the practice of states and of relevant international organizations. 

 

·        Sustainable development law:  principles, practices, and prospects . Segger, Marie-Claire Cordonier, and Khalfan, Ashfaq. Oxford University Press, 2004; 464 p.  See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .  Also available as an eBook.

 

·        Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger is a leading figure in the field of SDL.  Not only is she a prolific author, but she has provided legal advice on the implementation of international treaties on sustainable development to the United Nations and governments around the world.  The Foreword by H.E. Judge Christopher G. Weeramantry, Former Vice-President of the International Court of Justice, contains the 1987 Brundtland Report definition of sustainable development, which is revisited throughout the text: "development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs" (ix).

 

·        The first chapter discusses the origins of the Sustainable Development concept, and the next one is dedicated to the "Results of the 2002 World Summit for Sustainable Development ," reporting that there were 45,000 participants, including over 100 heads of state, in Johannesburg.  The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development , a three page document with six sections, reaffirms a commitment to sustainable development and building a humane, equitable and caring global society.  It emphasizes the three pillars of sustainable development at all levels and a common resolve to eradicate poverty, change consumption and production patterns, and protect and manage the natural resource base. Later, the book summarizes the 62 pages of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation , as well as the New Delhi Declaration of Principles http://cisdl.org/tribunals/pdf/NewDelhiDeclaration.pdf

 

 

·        The final section of this book, focused on 'the prospects' for sustainable development law, provides proposals for a future legal research agenda.  In essence, it proposes "further directions for legal research by those interested in advancing the understanding, development and implementation of international sustainable development law" (p. 278). It concludes by adding that “sustainable development law is both an emerging body of legal principles and instruments, as well as an 'interstitial norm,' a concept that serves to reconcile conflicting environmental, social and economic development norms in international law, in the interest of present and future generations" (p. 365). 

 

·        Regulating international business:  beyond liberalization . Picciotto, Sol., and Mayne, Ruth. St. Martin's Press, 1999; 277 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        This book proposes a new regulatory framework for international business aimed at reducing poverty and promoting sustainable developments. 

 

·        International Economic Law with a Human Face . Weiss, Friedl, and Denters, Erik. Kluwer Law International, 1998; 566 p. See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        Scholars from around the world examine a variety of aspects of international economic law and relevant state practice.  Three main topics are covered in the twenty-seven chapters of this book: 1) Towards a new human and economic order, 2) Trade, environmental protection and resource management, and 3) Investment and finance.

 

·        International Protection of the Environment: Conservation in Sustainable Development . Burhenne, Wolfgang E., and Robinson, Nicholas A. Thomson Reuters/West, 1995- loose-leaf See the Table of Contents and other publisher information here .

 

·        This multi-volume set is updated on a quarterly basis. Materials include both relevant primary international legal instruments, as well as soft law.  Recent additions address energy and polar regions, which were not included in the Rio conference.

 

·        Sustainable Development and Good Governance . Ginther, Konrad. Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995; 483 p. The Table of Contents is reproduced below as it is not available online.

 

Contents [Essays]:

·        Sustainable development as a matter of good governance: an introductory view

·        Evolving principles of sustainable development and good governance

·        Sustainable development: some critical thoughts in the light of the Rio Conference

·        The road to sustainable development: evolution of the concept of development in the UN

·        Reflections on the term 'sustainable development' and its institutional implications

·        The dynamics of sovereignty in a changing world

·        How to manage sustainable development?

·        Governance and sustainable development in Africa

·        Implementation of international sustainability imperatives at a national level

·        Good governance through popular participation in sustainable development

·        Sustainable development and good governance: development and evolution of  constitutional orders

·        Constitutional orders and sustainable development: the Southern African experience and  prospects

·        Procedural aspects of international law in the field of sustainable development: citizens' rights

·        The right of participation in development projects

·        Popular participation: a precondition for sustainable development planning. The experiences in Uganda

·        The right to self-determination from a sustainable development perspective

·        European Community development cooperation, human rights, democracy and good governance: at odds or at ease with each other?

·        Implications of the principle of sustainable development, human rights and good governance for the GATT/WTO

·        Conditionality, human rights and good governance: a dialogue of unequal partners

·        Good governance and development cooperation: towards a global approach

·        Common but differentiated state responsibility in international environmental law: from Stockholm (1972) to Rio (1992)

·        Good governance, accountability, and official development cooperation: analyzing OECD-demands at the example of the IBRD

·        Setting off distributory shortcomings

·        Sustainable development and good governance: the transition to a steady-state economy

·        The GATT 1994: environmental sustainability of trade or environmental protection sustainable by trade?

·        Combating corruption: a measure for shaping decision making in order to achieve sustainable development

·        Sustainable development, human rights and good governance - a case study of India's Narmada Dam

·        Sustainable development as a matter of good governance - the case of the Amazon forest in Brazil

 

3.      Treaties and Agreements

(From "Table of major treaties and other documents,"

International law and policy of sustainable development , French, 2005)

 

1945:

·        Charter of the United Nations , 1 UNTS xiv: 68

·        Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund, 2 UNTS 39: 39, 196

·        Articles of Agreement of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2 UNTS 134: 184

 

1946:

·        International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling, 161 UNTS 72: 38, 60, 126, 127

 

1947:

·        General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade ('GATT 1947'), 55 UNTS 194

 

1948:

·        Universal Declaration of Human Rights , GA Res. 217 A, 10 December 1948: 71, 73, 156, 209-210, 311

 

1957:

·        Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community ('Treaty of Rome'), 298 UNTS 11: 39, 42, 56

 

1958:

·        Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas, 559 UNTS 285: 38

 

1960:

·        Founding Convention of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development ('OECD Convention'), 888 UNTS 179: 39

 

1966:

·        International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights , 6 ILM (1967) 360: 65

 

1969:

·        Convention on the Law of Treaties ('1969 Vienna Convention'), 8 ILM (1969) 679: 44

 

1972:

·        Declaration of the UN Conference on the Human Environment ('Stockholm Declaration'), UN Doc. A/CONF/48/14/REV.1 (1972): 47, 52, 55, 58, 64, 88, 135, 170, 182

 

1973:

·        Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), 993 UNTS 243: 119, 125, 127, 140

 

1974:

·        Declaration on the Establishment of a New International Economic Order , GA Res. 3201 (S-VI), 1 May 1974: 28, 60

 

1982:

·        United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), 21 ILM (1982) 1261: 38

 

1986:

·        UN Declaration on the Right to Development , GA Res. 41/128, 4 December 1986: 14, 62

 

1990:

·        Agreement establishing the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 29 ILM (1990) 1077: 41, 182, 210

 

1992:

·        Treaty on European Union ('Maastricht Treaty'), 31 ILM (1992) 247: 39, 42

·        North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 32 ILM (1993) 289 and 605: 42, 183, 206

·        Convention on Biological Diversity ('Biodiversity Convention'), 31 ILM (1992) 822: 8, 17, 38-39, 56, 57, 59, 66, 115, 130-132, 134-138, 141-142, 146-149, 158, 207

·        UN Framework Convention on Climate Change ('Climate Change Convention'), 31 ILM (1992) 849: 8, 17, 30, 41, 52, 56, 57, 59, 60, 62, 66, 76-77, 80-82, 92-93, 95-96, 98, 140

·        Declaration on Environment and Development ('Rio Declaration') , UN Doc. A/CONF.151/26/REV.1, Vol. 1, 12 August 1992: 18, 29, 31, 41, 46, 47, 52, 54-55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 62, 64, 66, 68, 88-89, 93, 173-174

·        Agenda 21 , UN Doc. A/CONF.151/26/REV.1, Vol. 1, 12 August 1992: 18, 19, 22, 31, 32, 53, 56, 122, 173, 175-176

·        Establishment of the Commission on Sustainable Development, GA Res. 47/191, 29 January 1993: 19

 

1994:

·        Agreement establishing the World Trade Organization ('Marrakech Agreement'), 33 ILM (1994) 15: 42, 44, 199, 201

·        Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), 33 ILM (1194) 81: 138, 199

·        UN Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa ('Desertification Convention'), 33 ILM (1994) 1328: 42, 57, 68, 120, 140

 

1997:

·        Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change ('Kyoto Protocol'), 37 ILM (1998) 22: 43, 70, 77-80, 81, 82, 96, 104-105

 

2000:

·        Millennium Declaration , GA Res. 55/2, 18 September 2000: 15, 176

 

2001:

·        Doha Ministerial Declaration, WT/MIN(01)/DEC/1, 20 November 2001: 163, 200, 201, 205-207, 210

 

2002:

·        Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development , UN Doc. A/CONF.199/20 (2002): 20

·        Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development , UN Doc. A/CONF.199/20 (2002): 20-21, 22-24, 27, 32, 63, 64, 115, 123, 138, 140, 154-155, 176-179, 181-182

 

4.      Serials

·        Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Law : University of Missouri School of Law

·        Legal Aspects of Sustainable Development Series : M. Nijhoff

·        McGill International Journal of Sustainable Development Law & Policy : McGill University, Faculty of Law

·        Sustainable Development Law & Policy Journal : American University, Washington College of Law

·        Treaty Implementation for Sustainable Development Series :  Cambridge University Press 

·        Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development (1992 – 2004): 

Fridtjof Nansens Institutt

 

5.      Academic Programs

·        University of Washington School of Law: Law of Sustainable International Development Graduate Program . The Sustainable International Development LL.M. program is the first graduate program at a U.S. law school to focus on international development law.

 

6.     Organizations

 

·        Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)

 

·        Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL)

"The mission of the Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL) is to promote sustainable societies and the protection of ecosystems by advancing the under-standing, development and implementation of international sustainable development law.

 

The CISDL is engaged in six primary areas of sustainable development law research, each of which is led by a CISDL Lead Counsel based at a developing or developed country law faculty or international organization.

 

·        Trade, Investment & Competition ;

·        Biodiversity & Biosafety

·        Health & Hazards

·        Climate Change

·        Human Rights & Poverty Eradication

·        Natural Resources

 

·        Global Development Initiative - Carter Center

 

·        International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

 

·        International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

 

·        International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

·        IISD Linkages provides information for upcoming international meetings related to the environment, sustainability and development

 

·        International Law on Sustainable Development Committee (2003 – 2012)

 

United Nations

·        UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

·        UN Development Programme (UNDP)

·        UN Division for Sustainable Development (DSD)

·        UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

·        UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

 

·        World Bank - Topics in Development

·        Climate Change

 

To find additional organizations, Christof Galli’s NGO and IGO Research Guides.  Both guides include a custom search engine.  In addition, the NGO Research Guide includes a searchable database with nearly 700 NGOs including relevant contact information, websites, and affiliations.  Users can filter results by subject, region, and type.

 

7.     Research Guides

Many research guides are available for the broader topic of International Environmental Law, and often include a handful of resources dedicated to SDL. Online research guides dedicated to SDL are beginning to become more readily available, though they often have a domestic focus.  Karina Condra’s Sustainable Development and International Law guide is designed to support a course taught at the Sturm College of Law.  The wide variety of issues and integrated nature of SDL is reflected in the numerous tabs, headings, and subheadings.  Resources are organized by type (e.g., Secondary Sources, Reference Materials, Statistics), as well as by organization (e.g., United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization), and subject (e.g., Indigenous Peoples).

 

The American Society of International Law’s Electronic Information System for International Law ( EISIL ) research tool provides access to primary legal materials, authoritative websites and relevant research guides organized by subcategory.  EISIL includes a subcategory on Sustainable Development .  Related subcategories include Biodiversity and Protection of the Environment , and Trade & Environment .

 

8.    Abbreviations

ACP                          African, Caribbean and Pacific group of States

ASEAN                                   Association of South East Asian Nations

CBD                          1992 Convention on Biological Diversity

CDF                           Comprehensive Development Framework

CISDL                      Centre for International Sustainable Development Law

COMESA               Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

CSD                           Commission on Sustainable Development

EBRD                      European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

EC                              European Community

ECOWAS              Economic Community of West African States

EIA                           Environmental Impact Assessment

EU                             European Union

FAO                          Food and Agriculture Organization

G7                              Group of 7:  Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States

G77                           Group of 77:  non-aligned movement of developing States (often G77/China)

GATT                       General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP                          Gross Domestic Product

GNP                         Gross National Product

HDI                           Human Development Index

HIPC                        Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative

IBRD                       International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ICESCR                                    International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICJ                             International Court of Justice

ICSID                       International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes

ICTSD                      International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development

IDA                           International Development Association

IFC                            International Finance Corporation

IFI                             International Financial Institution

ILA                           International Law Association

ILO                            International Labor Organization

IMF                           International Monetary Fund

LDCs                        Least Developed Countries

MDB                         Multilateral Development Bank

MDGs                      Millennium Development Goals

MNE                        Multinational Enterprise

NAFTA                                    North American Free Trade Agreement

NEPAD                                   New Partnership for Africa's Development

NGOs                      Non-Governmental Organizations

NIEO                       New International Economic Order

OECD                       Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

OPEC                       Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

PRGF                      Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

PRSP                      Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

R&D                         Research and Development

SAP                          Structural Adjustment Programme

SIA                           Sustainability Impact Assessment

TRIPS                     1994 Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UDHR                     Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UN                            United Nations

UNCED                                    1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCTAD              United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP                     United Nations Development Programme

UNEP                     United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO               United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNTS                      United Nations Treaty Series

WCED                     World Commission on Environment and Development

WHO                        World Health Organization

WIPO                      World Intellectual Property Organization

WSSD                      World Summit on Sustainable Development

WTO                         World Trade Organization

WWF                       World Wide Fund for Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)