Research Guide on the Trading Systems in the
Asian-Pacific Region: APEC, ASEAN and their Members
by Chenglin Liu
Liu is the Foreign and International Librarian at the O’Quinn Law
Library at the University of Houston Law Center, where he also teaches Chinese
Law. Chenglin Liu received his
Masters of Law from Dalian University of Technology (China) in 1993, an LL.M in
European Law from Lund University (Sweden) in 1999, an LL.M in U.S. Law from Washington
University in St. Louis in 2000 and a MIS from University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign in 2002. He will be getting a J.S.D. (Doctor of Judicial
Science) from Washington University in St. Louis in 2005. Among his recent publications,
Mr. Liu’s book Chinese Law on SARS was published by W.S. Hein (New
Published April 2005
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Table of Contents
Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, United States, and Vietnam.
This research guide provides basic information about the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and their member economies. The first section of the guide includes online resources about the two organizations and a selected bibliography for further research on the history and future trends of the economic cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region. The second section provides online information and bibliographies on trade and investment in individual member economies.
This research guide was adapted from the author's presentation at the American Association of Law Libraries (AALL) 97th Annual Conference in Boston, July 2004.
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
APEC was established in 1989. The objectives of APEC are to eliminate trade and investment barriers in the Asia-Pacific region. Currently, APEC consists of 21 member economies: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, United States, and Vietnam. APEC maintains a Secretariat in Singapore funded with by annual contributions from the member economies.
APEC operates on "the basis of non-binding commitments, open dialogue and equal respect for the views of all participating economies."[i] Unlike other regional economic organizations, APEC does not have a binding treaty that sets forth an institutional framework for economic integration. However, the influence of APEC on the Asia-Pacific region and world economy should not be underestimated. APEC member economies, which cover 2.6 billion people or 30% of the world population, account for approximately 60% of the world Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and nearly 72% of world economic growth.[ii] APEC has greatly contributed to the liberalization of world trade and investment. The frequent meetings of the leaders of its members and the exchange of trade information within APEC have facilitated mutual understandings between the least developed nations and the developed nations.[iii] Since the September 11th attacks, APEC members have also actively participated in the anti-terrorism efforts.[iv]
The Associations of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
ASEAN was established in 1967 by five nations: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. In the 1980's and 1990's, five other nations joined ASEAN: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), and Vietnam. Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei Darussalam and Vietnam are also members of APEC. The goals of ASEAN are to accelerate the regional economic growth, facilitate social and culture development, and pursue regional peace, stability and rule of law.[v]
ASEAN is a treaty based organization.[vi] Compared with APEC, ASEAN is a much smaller and weaker entity.[vii] However, in recent years, ASEAN played an important role in advocating the interests of the least developed nations in Southeast Asia, especially after the failure of the round trade talks in the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Seattle. By establishing external relations with the developed economies and other regional trade organizations, ASEAN has been active in promoting interregional dialogue and cooperation.[viii]
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation - APEC's official website.
APEC member economies: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, United States, and Vietnam.
- The easy way to find tariff schedules, concessions, prohibitions, and much more information for the APEC member economies.
Terrorism Task Force
(CTTF) The CTTF assists economies in identifying and assess counter-terrorism
needs, co-ordinates capacity building and technical assistance programs, cooperates
with international and regional organisations and facilitates cooperation
between APEC fora on counter-terrorism issues.
- Bogor Goals 1994
- Osaka Action 1995
- Shanghai Accord 2001
- Los Cabos Statement: Fighting Terrorism and Promoting Growth 2002
- More leader's declarations
- APEC Tariff - The Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Tariff Database provides tariff information for the APEC member economies including: tariff schedules, concessions, prohibitions, and more...
- APEC Study Centers - Links to the universities in the Asian-Pacific region, focusing on academic research on APEC.
- APEC Summit: Regionalizing the War on Terror
ASEAN Secretariat - This is the official site of ASEAN.
Annual Reports since 1980 (full text)
ASEAN Free Trade Area - ASEAN Member Countries have made significant progress in the lowering of intra-regional tariffs through the Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT). Among other important documents, this site provides Non-Tariff Measures Database
US-ASEAN Business Council - Its objective is to improve the business environment for American companies and expand the U.S. competitive position in the Southeast Asian region. This site provides updated information on trade in ASEAN member countries.
US-ASEAN Joint Declaration on Combating Terrorism - In this declaration, the ASEAN members pledged to fight terrorism in Southeast Asian.
- Asian Trade Promotion forum - A portal of 21 trade promotion organizations in Asia with useful information for promoting trade in the Asian region.
- Asia-Europe Meeting - Objective of the meeting is to strengthen the linkage between Asia and Europe. For the background of the forum, see here.
- Euro-Asian Trade Bridge - Provides E-business solutions and trade services in Asia and Europe.
- Asian Trade Online - Provides trade and investment opportunities in Asian countries.
- Asia Times Online - Covers geopolitical, political, economic and business issues in the Asian-Pacific region.
- Economic, Manufacturing, Finance, and Business in Asia - Provides comprehensive trade and investment information on Asian countries.
- US Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics by Countries - This site provides updated trade statistics of all countries.
Lusan Chua, Amanda R. Evansburg, Mark J. Fiore, Vanessa Kaye Watson, K. Brooke Welch, Phyllis Eremitaggio. Asian Group Endorses Optical Disc Regulation Intellectual Property & Technology Law Journal Jan 2004 v16 i1 p18(1).
Thomas C. Fischer. A commentary on regional institutions in the Pacific Rim: do APEC and ASEAN still matter? Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law Spring 2003 v13 i2 p337(44).
Ramkishen S. Rajan, Rahul
Sen. Liberalisation of Financial Services in Southeast Asian Univer the ASEAN
Framework Agreemment on Services (AFAS) Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation
March 2003 v18 i3 p132-135.
Edwin van der Bruggen. Salient features of the ASEAN model tax treaty. (Association of South-East Asian Nations) (Statistical Data Included) Tax Notes International March 18, 2002 v25 i11 p1227-1236.
George O. White III. Foreigners beware? Investing in a jungle with many predators: the ASEAN investment area. (effect of Asian financial crisis) Texas International Law Journal Winter 2002 v37 i1 p157-176
George O. White III. From snowplows to siopao - trying to compete in a global marketplace: the ASEAN free trade area. (Association of South East Asian Nations)
Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law Fall 2000 v8 i1 p177-199.
Pearlie M.C. Koh. Enhancing economic co-operation: a regional arbitration centre for ASEAN? (Association of Southeast Asia Nations) International and Comparative Law Quarterly April 2000 v49 i2 p390-412
Mya Than; Carolyn L Gates ASEAN enlargement: impacts and implications. Singapore : Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2001. xv, 378 p.
Colin Ong. The ASEAN Free
Trade Area and the necessity for the creation of a legal mechanism for
resolving private disputes of an international nature. Journal of Business
Law March 1998 p213-216.
Jack I. Garvey. AFTA after NAFTA: regional trade blocs and the propagation of environmental and labor standards. (ASEAN Free Trade Agreement, North American Free Trade Agreement) Berkeley Journal of International Law Fall 1997 v15 n2 p245-274.
Kreinin, M.E. and
Plummer, Michael. Economic integration and Asia: the dynamics of regionalism
in Europe, North America and the Asia-Pacific. Cheltenham, U.K. ;
Northampton, Mass., USA : E. Elgar Pub., 2000. vii, 216 p.
Parlie M.C. Koh. Foreign judgments in ASEAN - a proposal. International and Comparative Law Quarterly Oct 1996 v45 n4 p844-860.
Ann Marie Sabath. International business etiquette. what you need to know to conduct business abroad with charm and savvy Asia & the Pacific Rim : N.Y. : ASJA Press, 2002. 223 p.
Asia-Pacific Region: APEC and ASEAN. (Annual Review of Significant
Developments: 1995) International Lawyer Summer 1996 v30 n2
Horacio A. Grigera Naon. Sovereignty and regionalism. (Symposium: Free Trade Areas: The Challenge and Promise of Fair vs. Free Trade) Law and Policy in International Business Summer 1996 v27 n4 p1073-1180.
Jeffrey A. Kaplan. ASEAN's rubicon: a dispute settlement mechanism for AFTA. (Association of South East Asian Nations Free Trade Area). UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal Spring 1996 v14 n2 p147-195.
Harold Dichter. Legal implications of an Asia-Pacific economic grouping. University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Business Law Spring 1995 v16 n1 p99-154.
Yoji Akashi: An ASEAN Perspective on APEC (1997)
Kiminami; Intra-Asia trade and foreign direct investment (1999)
Mary Y. Pierson. East
Asia - regional economic integration and implications for the United States. Law
and Policy in International Business Spring 1994 v25 n3 p1161-1185.
Sherry M. Stephenson. ASEAN and the multilateral trading system. (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) (Silver Anniversary Essays) Law and Policy in International Business Winter 1994 v25 n2 p439-448.
Deborah A. Haas. (Note) And Comment: Out of Other’s Shadows: ASEAN Moves Toward Greater Regional Cooperation in the Face of the EC and NAFTA, 9 Am. U.J. Int'l L. & Pol'y 809.
Lorraine C. Cardenas;
Arpaporn Buranakanits. The Role of APEC in the Achievement of Regional
Cooperation in Southeast Asia, (1999) 5 Ann. Surv. Int'l & Comp. L. 49.
Ernesto M. Hizon. Virtual Reality and Reality: The East Asian NICs AND THE Global Trading System, (1999) 5 Ann. Surv. Int'l & Comp. L. 81.
Copyright (c) 1996 Northwestern School of Law Journal of International Law & Business, Winter, , 26028 words, Merit E. Janow. Symposium – Institutions for International Economic Integration: Assessing APEC's Role in Economic Integration in the Asia-Pacific Region. (1997) 17 NW. J. INT'L L. & BUS. 947.
Guide to the Investment Regimes of the APEC Member Economies (5th Edition), July 2003 (728 p. full text) This is a large document in PDF format. It will take a few minutes to download.
Christoph Antons. Law and development in East and Southeast Asia. London ; New York : RoutledgeCurzon : IIAS, 2003. 387 p.
Peter Drysdale. The new economy in East Asia and the Pacific. London; New York : Routledge, 2004. xvii, 326 p.
Ahmad, Dzulkarnain. ASEAN+3: The Institutionalization of Asia Values. Monterrey, California : Springfield, Va. : Naval Postgraduate School, 2003. xiv, 79 p
Antons, Christoph (ed.). Law and Development in East and Southeast Asia. New York : RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. xi, 387 p.
ASEAN. Towards a Single Economic Space. Jakarta : ASEAN Secretariat, 2003. 8 p.
Baker & Mckenzie. Asia Pacific Legal Developments Bulletin. Sydney, N.S.W. ; Los Angeles, California : Baker & Mckenzie, 1993-. Serial Publication : Periodical : Quarterly (every 3 months) v.
Bishop, Bernie. Liberalising Foreign Direct Investment Policies in the APEC Region. [U.K] : Ashgate, 2001. ix, 199 p.
Buchanan, Mark Allen. The Asia-Pacific Region and the Expanding Borders of the WTO: Implications, Challenges and Opportunities. Victoria, B.C. : Centre for Asia-Pacific Initiatives, University of Victoria, 1996, ii, 217 p.
Centre for Strategic and International Studies. Towards an ASEAN strategy of Globalization. Jakarta : Centre for Strategic and International Studies, 2001. iv, 158 p.
Chae Wook; Han, Hong-yol. Impact of China’s Accession into the WTO and Policy Implication for Asia-Pacific Developing Economies. Seoul Korea : Korea Institute for International Economy Policy, 2001. 73 p.
Davidson, Paul J. ASEAN: The Evolving Legal Framework for Economic Cooperation. Singapore : Times Academic Press, 2002. viii, 288 p.
Davidson, Paul J. Trading Arrangements in the Pacific Rim: ASEAN and APEC. New York : Oceana Publications, 1995-. V. <1-2> (looseleaf).
DeRosa, Dean A. Regional Trading Arrangements among Developing Countries: the ASEAN Example. Washington D.C. : International Food Policy Research Institute, 1995. viii, 129 p.
Downing, Sandra L. (ed.) Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC): Current Issues and Background. New York : Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2003. ix, 193 p.
Drysdale, Peter and Ishigaki, Kenichi. East Asian Trade and Financial Integration: new issues. Australia : Asia Pacific Press at the Australian National University, 2002. xv. 240.
Freeman, Nick J; Bartels, Frank L. The future of foreign investment in Southeast Asia. New York : RoutledgeCurzon 2004, xii, 288 p.
Fukase, Emiko; Martin, Will. Free Trade Area Membership as a Stepping Stone to Development: The Case of ASEAN. Washington D.C. : World Bank, 2001. viii, 172 p.
Lincoln, Edward J. East Asian Economic Regionalism. New York : Council on Foreign Relations; Washington D.C. : Brookings Institution Press, 2004. vii, 292 p.
Martin, Will; Pangestu, Mari. Options for Global Trade Reform. Cambridge, UK; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003. xvii, 202 p.
Montan, Nils Victor. Trademark Anticounterfeiting in Asia and the Pacific Rim. New York : International Trademark Association, 2001. xvi, 576 p.
Nanto, Dick Kazuyuki. Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), Free Trade, and the 2003 Summit in Bangkok, Thailand. [Washington D.C.] : Derwood, MD : Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress : Distributed by Penny Hill Press, 2003. Internet Resources.
Nesadurai, Helen Sharmini. Globalisation, Domestic Politics, and Regionalism: the ASEAN Free Trade Area. London; New York : Routledge, 2003. xiv, 226 p.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Regulatory Reform in the Global Economy: Asian and Latin America Perspectives, 1998. 141 p.
Pennsylvania Bar Institute. Successfully Doing Business in Asia. [Mechanicsburg, Pa.] : Pennsylvania Bar Institute, 2000. xi, 189 p.
Pryles, Michael (ed.). Dispute Resolution in Asia. 2nd ed. The Hague, London, New York : Kluwer, 2002. xxx, 410 p.
Ravenhill, John. APEC and the Construction of Pacific Rim Regionaliam. U.K. : Cambridge University Press, 2001. xii, 294 p.
Saunders, Cheryl; Triggs, Gillian D. Trade and Cooperation with the European Union in the New Millennium. The Hague ; London : Kluwer Law International, 2002. xvii, 202 p.
Srinivasan, T N. Post-Uruguay Round Issues for Asian Developing Countries. New Haven, CT. : Yale University, Economic Growth Center, 1997. 43 p.
Tomasic, Roman (ed.). Company Law in East Asia. [U.S.] Bookfield : Ashgate, 1999. viii, 708 p.
United Nations. Implications of General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) for Asia-Pacific Economies: Report, studies and papers presented at a seminar held in Bangkok, 25-26 May 1998. New York : United Nations, 1998. vii, 176 p.
Wesley, Michael. The Regional Organizations of the Asia-Pacific. [UK] : Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. xiv, 247 p.
Whiting, Van R. Regionalization in the World Economy: NAFTA, the Americas and Asia Pacific. New Delhi : Macmillan India Ltd, 1996. xii, 301 p.
Yamazawa, Ippei. Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) challenges and tasks for the twenty-first century. London; New York : Routledge, 2000. xviii, 332 p.
Yeung, May T; Perdikis, Nicholas; William A Kerr. Regional Trading Blocs in the Global Economy: The EU and ASEAN. Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA : E. Elgar, 1999. xi, 163 p.
Ash Ahmad; P Someshwar Rao. Foreign direct investment and APEC economic integration. Ottawa, Ont. : Industry Canada, 1996. iii, 112, iv, 114 p.
- Australian Government Information
- Australian Courts & Legislation
- Australia APEC Study Center - Since 1998 the Centre has been operated solely by Monash University. The primary objectives of the Center are to inform the Australian community of the economic development and relations in the Asian Pacific region, and serve as a liaison between academic, government and private sectors in dealing with issues regarding APEC. The Center's website provides valuable sources for studies of APEC.
- Issues Papers of the Australian APEC Study Centre
- Contributions from the Australian APEC Study Centre
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and Australia - This site is hosted by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. It provides basic information about trade relations between Australia and APEC.
- APEC Tariff Database for Australia
Ferguson A B. Enterprising Australia: planning, preparing and profiting from trade and investment : a short report on the proceedings of the inquiry. Canberra : The Committee, 2002. ix, 42 p. available at: http://www.aph.gov.au/house/committee/jfadt/Enterprise/EARptIndx.htm
Australia.Strengthening economic legal infrastructure in APEC: supporting trade, investment and economic development. Canberra : APEC and Regional Trade Policy Branch, Dept. of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Commonwealth of Australia, 2002. 25 p.
Bijit Bora. Foreign direct investment: research issues. London ; New York : Routledge, 2002 . xiii, 354 p.
Australia. Doing business online with government : a guide for suppliers to trade electronically with Commonwealth Government agencies. Canberra : National Office for the Information Economy, 2002. iv, 44 p.
LLP. Doing business and investing in Australia .
New York : PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2001. 342 p.
Paul U. Ali, Martin Gold.
Investing for good - the cost of ethical investment. (Australia). Company
and Securities Law Journal August 2002 v20 i5 p307-312.
Julian Donnan. Debentures, derivatives and managed investment schemes - the characterisation and regulation of investment instruments. (Australia). Journal of Banking and Finance Law and Practice March 2002 v13 i1 p28-35
Dimity Kingsford Smith. Decentered regulation in online investment. (Australia). Company and Securities Law Journal Nov 2001 v19 i8 p532-549.
Paul von Nessen. Securities regulation for interests in managed investment schemes. (Australia) Australian Journal of Corporate Law Dec 1999 v11 i1 p63-88
Franz J. Ranero. Constitutional amendments in managed investment schemes. (Australia) Corporate and Business Law Journal Dec 1999 v11 i2 p287-322.
John Abrahamson. Investment in Australia and state transaction taxes - stamp duty. Tax Notes International Sept 21, 1998 v17 n12 p897-903.
Stephen J. Gates. Regional financial centre. (proposed bill amending investment law)(Australia) Journal of Banking and Finance Law and Practice Sept 1998 v9 i3 p204-207.
Grant Richardson, Helen
Anderson. The deductibility of interest: an Asia-Pacific regional comparison. The
International Tax Journal Summer 1997 v23 n3 p6-24.
Andrew Lazar. Classification of United States business entities and the impact on Australia.
Australian Tax Review Sept 1996 v25 n3 p153-155
- The official website of the Brunei Government
- System of Government
- His Majesty Crown Prince
- Cabinet & Ministers
- National Development Plan
- Constitution of Brunei
- Brunei and ASEAN - From US-ASEAN Business Council website.
Ann Black. Alternative dispute resolution in Brunei Darussalam: the blending of imported and traditional processes. (Special Issue: International Dispute Resolution) Bond Law Review Dec 2001 v13 i2 p305-334.
Andrew D. Mitchell.
Chinese walls in Brunei: Prince Jefri Bolkiah v. KPMG. (United Kingdom)
University of New South Wales Law Journal Winter 1999 v22 i1 p243-255
Philip Podzebenko. Redefining accessory liability: Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd v. Tan. (United Kingdom) Sydney Law Review June 1996 v18 n2 p234-248.
Graham Ferris. The advice of the Privy Council in Royal Brunei Airlines Sdn Bhd v. Tan. (United Kingdom) Law Teacher Winter 1996 v30 n1 p111-120.
Ernst & Young. Doing
business in Brunei Darussalam.
New York, N.Y. : Ernst & Young 1996-. Serial Publication v.
Darussalam, business in perspective.
Bandar Seri Begawan : Economic Development Board, Ministry of Finance, Brunei Darussalam, 1989. 52 p.
KPMG Peat Marwick. Investment in Brunei Darussalam. [Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam] : KPMG, 1987. 40 p.
- The Kingdom of Cambodia's Homepage
- Country Background
- Political And Administrative Structure
- Taxation System
- Investing in Cambodia
- Cambodia and ASEAN - From Cambodian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation website. It provide trade and investment information in Cambodian. All the texts are in English.
- Cambodia Country Profile and Trade Information - Provided by US-ASEAN business council.
Regionalism and the quest for security: ASEAN and the Cambodian conflict.
(Keeping the Peace: Conflict Resolution in the Twenty-First Century) Journal
of International Affairs Winter 1993 v46 n2 p439-467
Bretton G. Sciaroni. New investment law creates favorable framework. (Cambodia)
East Asian Executive Reports July 15, 1994 v16 n7 p7(2).
Robin Davies. Cambodia and the GATT. Journal of World Trade (Law-Economics-Public Policy) Oct 1992 v26 n5 p93-98.
Neill T. Macpherson.
Cambodia: foreign investment law. International Business Lawyer
July-August 1991 v19 n7 p351(3).
H. Lawrence Serra. Foreign investment law. (Cambodia) East Asian Executive Reports Sept 15, 1990 v12 n9 p10(2).
Peter Dale Scott Drugs, oil, and war: the United States in Afghanistan, Colombia, and Indochina. Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. xix, 225 p.
Kanokpan Lao-Araya. How can Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam cope with revenue lost due to AFTA tariff reductions? Manila : Asian Development Bank, 2002.
Trade Centre UNCTAD/WTO. Kingdom of Cambodia :
demand survey on automotive components. [Phnom Penh : Ministry of Commerce], 2002. 71 p.
- Interactive Map of Canada - From Canadian Government Websites.
- Basic Facts about Canada - This official page from Canadian Government Site provides basic facts about Canada such as national symbol, history and people, economy, climate and more.
- Canadian Government at a Glance - This is a sub-page of the official site from the Canadian government. Since the political structure is different from that of the United State, this page provides an overview of major governmental institutions.
- How Canadians Govern Themselves? - A page from Canadian Library of Parliament explains Canadian political structure.
- Government of Canada - This comprehensive site hosted by Canadian Government provides direct links to the primary Web sites of Government of Canada departments and agencies.
Canada and APEC
- CANADA-APEC - From the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade website. It provides updated information about Canada's involvement in APEC.
- APEC Working for Canadians
- Canada's Involvement in APEC
- Canada's Objectives in APEC
- Government Departments' Work on APEC
- Canada's Individual Action Plan in APEC
- Paul Bowles: Canada and APEC: Why We’re in, Why it Matters. (1997)
- APEC Study Centre in Canada - The Centre is involved in research and dialogue on the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation forum and on priority issues for Canada's involvement in the regional grouping.
- APEC profile--from Canadian's perspective - Provided by Canada's national public broadcaster.
- APEC: E-com Legal Guide to Canada - A practical first level legal guide to electronic commerce in the APEC member economies, contributed by Baker & McKenzie and other leading law firms in the region.
- APEC Workshop, Toronto, Canada - (1999) contains Issues and Trends Reports on APEC member economies.
- APEC Tariff Database for Canada - Includes tariff schedules, concessions, prohibitions, and much more useful information on trade and investment in Canada.
Price, Waterhouse & Co.; Price Waterhouse. Doing business in Canada. [United States] : Price Waterhouse, 1975-1997. v.
Heather Gibb. Canadian perspectives on labour mobility in APEC. [Ottawa] : North-South Institute, 1997. 105 p.
- APEC Chile 2004
- Chile: APEC Host for 2004 - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
- Chile and APEC
- APEC Virtual Center - Chile
Juan Luis Ossa. Royalty
payments on mining in Chile and Peru. (includes text in Spanish)(Mining Law
& Investment in Latin America) Mineral Law Series: Rocky Mountain
Mineral Law Foundation April 28, 2003 v2003 i2 pCH2(24).
Samuel Lira Ovalle. Dispute resolution arbitration and mediation - Chile. (includes text in Spanish)(Mining Law & Investment in Latin America). Mineral Law Series: Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation April 28, 2003 v2003 i2 pCH4C(25).
Rodrigo Valenzuela. Taxation of the mining industry in Chile: an update. (Mining Law & Investment in Latin America). Mineral Law Series: Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation April 28, 2003 v2003 i2 pCH7A(10).
Sergio Sapag, Daniel Vanrell, Manuel F. Solano, Paulo Espindula. Chile's new holding company regime expected to boost foreign investment. Tax Notes International Jan 27, 2003 v29 i4 p348-350.
Jennifer Anne Scott. Environmental watchdogs take a bite out of Chilean foreign investment: mandatory environmental impact statements may affect foreign investment in Chile. The Transnational Lawyer Spring 1998 v11 n1 p245-275.
Alberto Gonzalez-Pita, Adriana Koeck de Schmidt. Chile's concessions law facilitates investments; permitting private sector to bid on projects is heart of effort to rebuild national infrastructure. (International Law) J. The National Law Journal Dec 23, 1996 v19 n17 pC2 col 4 (8 col in).
Steven G. Fishbach. "The quiet revolution": trade and investment liberalization in Chile and Jamaica. (Project: Privatization: The Global Scale-Back of Government Involvement in National Economies) Administrative Law Review Fall 1996 v48 n4 p527-543.
Eduardo A. Wiesner. ANCOM: a new attitude toward foreign investment? (Andean Common Market) (Bolivia, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador and Chile) University of Miami Inter-American Law Review Spring-Summer 1993 v24 n3 p435-465
Leon Larrain. Chile proposes amendments to foreign investment statute. Tax Notes International Jan 11, 1993 v6 n2 p73-74.
Ernst & Young. Doing business in Chile. Santiago, Chile : Ernst & Young, 2001. 52 p.
Rafael Hernández Mayoral; George A Baptista; Frederick E Jenney; Jacqueline I Cisneros. Impediments to risk capital in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador and Mexico (Obstáculos para las inversíones de capital de riesgo en Argentina, Brasil, Chile, El Salvador y México). Washington, DC : Inter-American Development Bank, Multilateral Investment Fund, 2001.19 p.
- China.org.cn - China's Official Gateway to News & Information - Provides up-to-date news about China, with searchable texts of government position papers and a wealth of basic information about Chinese history, politics, economics and culture. This authorized government portal site to China is published under the auspices of the China International Publishing Group and the State Council Information Office in Beijing.
- China in Brief
- State Structure
- Legislative System
- Who's Who in China's Leadership
Information on Trade with China
- The U.S. China Business Council - The Council, founded in 1973, is a private, non-profit, non-partisan, member-supported organization. It is the principal organization of US corporations engaged in business relations with China.
- China Statistics and Analysis - Includes statistics and analysis of China's Economy, Foreign Investment in China, and U.S.-China Trade.
- China Trade - Via Hong Kong Trade Development Council. This site provides business news, law and regulations, and important statistics.
- Law and Regulations in English - Provided by ChinaToday.com.
Chenglin Liu. Chinese Law on Trade, Investment and Intellectual Property Rights: A Bibliography of Selected English-Language Materials. International Journal of Legal Information Vol. 32 No. 1. Spring 2004. p 1-33.
- Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of People's Republic of China
- Legal System
- Hong Kong Legislative Council
Trade and Investment in Hong Kong
Relevant Government Departments & Agencies:
Hong Kong and APEC
- Hong Kong APEC Study Centre - This site is sponsored by Faculty of Business, City University of Hong Kong. It provides economic data, meeting summaries and links to other APEC websites provide useful information among APEC economies.
- APEC Tariff Database for Hong Kong, China
Andrew Halkyard. Hong Kong Estate Duty: A Blueprint for Reform? 2000, 30 Hong Kong L.J. 47.
A. DeMella. Note: In re Extradition of Lui Kin-Hong: Examining the effects of
Hong Kong’s Reversion to the People’s Republic of China on United States-United
Kingdom Treaty Obligations, (1997) 47 Am. U.L. Rev. 187.
Akash Sachdeva. Brand new day. (new trademark laws in Hong Kong). Trademark World May 2003 i157 p65(1).
Cally Jordan. Doing business in Hong Kong from 1 July. New Zealand Law Journal. Jan 1997 p9-14.
Elizabeth A.R. Yee. Hong Kong and China in 1997: an examination of possible legal and economic implications for United States businesses. Santa Clara Law Review Spring 1996 v36 n2 p595-647.
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in Hong Kong. [United States] : PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2001-. Serial Publication Internet Resource v.
Insight Information Inc. Doing business in China and Hong Kong post "1997." Toronto, Ont.: Insight Press, 1997, 517 p.
- Indonesia Government Website
- Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia
- APEC Tariff Database for Indonesia
Lepi T. Tarmidi, APEC AFTER TEN YEAR: A VIEW FROM INDONESIA
Book online: Indonesia, ASEAN, and the Third Indochina War
Assafa Endeshaw. Regulating e-commerce in Indonesia: lessons from ASEAN and beyond. (Association of South East Asian Nations) Computer Law & Security Report Sept-Oct 2002 v18 i5 p352-355.
Dewi Fortuna Anwar. Indonesia in ASEAN: foreign policy and regionalism. New York : Singapore : St. Martin's Press ; Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1994. 334 p.
Munmun Majumdar. Indonesia: primus inter pares in ASEAN. New Delhi : Rajat, 2003 1st ed. xx, 154 p.
Anthony L Smith. Strategic centrality: Indonesia's changing role in ASEAN. Pasir Panjang, Singapore : Regional Strategic and Political Studies Programme, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2000. 88 p.
- Fundamental Structure of the Government of Japan - From the Prime Minister of Japan’s official website, provides a brief introduction to the Structure of Japanese Government.
- The National Administrative Organization in Japan
- Organization Charts - These charts give a clear idea how the theory of separation of powers works in Japan.
- The Constitution of Japan - Full text of the Constitution from Prime Minister of Japan’s official website.
- Prime Minister of Japan and his Cabinet
- Supreme Court
- - In principle, "STATISTICS" updates all statistical data the same month, or the month after; it is updated to deliver the most up-to-date statistical data in English ahead of all other sources.
Japan and APEC
- Japan and APEC - From the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
- APEC Tariff Database for Japan
Pekkanen, S.M. Japan's
legal actions in the GATT/WTO system. Journal of World Intellectual Property.
5, no.4, p. 565-589 2002.
Goto, H. 2000's amendments to Japanese Trademark Law for entry into the Madrid Agreement Protocol. Nihon University Comparative Law. 2001, no.18, p. 19-47 2001.
Linarelli, J. The role of dispute settlement in world trade law: some lessons from the Kodak-Fuji dispute. Law and Policy in International Business. 31, no.2, p. 263-372 1999-2000.
Southwick, J.D. Addressing market access barriers in Japan through the WTO: a survey of typical Japan market access issues and the possibility to address them through WTO dispute resolution procedures. Law and Policy in International Business. 31, no.3, p. 923-976 1999-2000.
Yamane, H. Restrictive practices and market access in Japan: has the JFTC been effective in eliminating barriers in distribution? World Competition Law and Economics Review. 22, no.2, p. 1-39 1999.
Nambu, T. Regulatory influences on the decision to introduce pharmaceutical products in Japan . Journal of World Intellectual Property. 1, no.5, p. 763-799 1998.
Takigawa, T. The impact of the WTO Telecommunications Agreement on U.S. and Japanese telecommunications regulations. Journal of World Trade. 32, no.6, p. 33-55 1998.
Saito, A. The WTO Agreement and the relevant Japanese domestic laws. Journal of World Trade. 30, no.3, p. 87-108 1996.
Hamabe, Y. The JFCN Treaty preemption of U.S. anti-discrimination laws in executive positions: analysis in international contexts. Law and Policy in International Business. 27, no.1, p. 67-135 1995-1996.
Heath, C. Sellout of foreign trademark rights in Japan?: the ''type Chanel no.5'' decision. International Review of Industrial Property & Copyright Law. 26, no.4, p. 509-526 1995.
Kitami, T. A new approach to resolve the Unite States-Japan trade imbalance: from the perspective of economic integration in the Asia-Pacific region. World Competition Law and Economics Review. 19, no.1, p. 25-52 1995.
Veronica Taylor. Harmonising competition law within APEC: US-Japan disputes on vertical restraints. (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) Australian Journal of Corporate Law Sept 1995 v5 n3 p379-389.
Margo Grimm. Japan and
ASEAN: a new interdependence. (includes related article on Japanese financial
assistance to ASEAN nations) East Asian Executive Reports April 15, 1992
v14 n4 p11(6).
Yun Sai-Ree. Regulation
of business combination under the antimonopoly regulation and Fair Trade Act
with emphasis on the case law / Yun Sai-Ree. Journal of Korean Law. 2, no.1, p.
Shin Yukyun. Protection and border enforcement of trademarks in Korea: aiming high, but still to be pursued. Journal of World Intellectual Property. 3, no.2, p. 249-264 2000.
Kim, B.-I. The protection of trade secrets in Korea. International Review of Industrial Property & Copyright Law. 30, no.4, p. 403-419 1999.
Lee Yong-Shik. [WTO, 1995] Review of the first WTO panel case on the agreement on safeguards: Korea -- definitive safeguard measure on imports of certain daily products and its implications for the application of the agreement. Journal of World Trade. 33, no.6, p. 27-46 1999.
Kim, S. North Korea's foreign trade with the world between 1980 and 1994. World Competition Law and Economics Review. 19, no.4, p. 69-80 1996.
Lee, H.D. Solving trade regulatory problems in Korea: a three-step approach. East Asian Executive Reports. 18, no.11, p. 8-19 1996.
Byington, L.M. The effects of the Korean labor movement on the economy of the Republic of Korea and on U.S. investment in the Republic of Korea / L.M. Byington. Washington Journal of International Law and Economics (continuation of: Journal of International Law and Economics). 24, no.1, p. 149-193 1990.
Bellis, J.-F. European Community trade policies vis-à-vis Korea and Taiwan in the eighties: a comparative perspective. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 11, no.2, p. 509-524 1989-1990.
Bello, J.H. [GATT, 1947] The GATT Uruguay Round: its significance for U.S. bilateral trade with Korea and Taiwan. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 11, no.2, p. 307-325 1989-1990.
Kim, J.-K. The impact of U.S. trade law actions on government policy decisions in Korea / J.-K. Kim. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 11, no.2, p. 410-422 1989-1990.
Laverty, D.A. Regulation and liberalization of imports and foreign investment and the role of trade actions in the Republic of Korea. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 11, no.2, p. 423-451 1989-1990.
Stoltenberg, C.D. U.S.-Korea and U.S.-Taiwan trade law issues in comparative perspective. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 11, no.2, p. 273-278 1989-1990.
Wheeler, J.W. Comparative development strategies of South Korea and Taiwan as reflected in their respective international trade policies / J.W. Wheeler. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 11, no.2, p. 472-508 1989-1990.
Chang, S.-K. Trademark prosecution practice in South Korea. International Review of Industrial Property & Copyright Law. 19, no.3, p. 302-318 1988.
Simon, D.L. Effects of the U.S. Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 on U.S. trade with the Republic of China (Taiwan), Korea and the Chinese mainland. Chinese Yearbook of International Law and Affairs. 8, no.1988-89, p. 77-93 1988-1989.
Aurora Law Offices.; Bae, Kim & Lee. Doing business with Korea. Hong Kong : Asia Law & Practice, 2003. 156 p.
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in the Republic of Korea. [New York] : PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2001-. Serial Publication v.
- Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) (National Bank of Malaysia)
Michael B. Likosky. Infrastructure for commerce. (Malaysia). Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business Fall 2001 v22 i1 p1-34.
Stephen J. Frenkel, David Peetz. Globalization and industrial relations in East Asia: a three-country comparison. (Symposium on Regional Studies of Comparative International Industrial Relations) Industrial Relations July 1998 v37 n3 p282-310.
Ambiga Sreenevasan, David Oh Kit Yan. Entertainers and restraint of trade clauses in Malaysia: a commentary on Polygram Records Sdn Bhd v. The Search. Entertainment Law Review April-May 1996 v7 n3 p123-124.
Asia's newest growth
triangle: Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia.
East Asian Executive Reports July 15, 1995 v17 n7 p6(3).
Price Waterhouse (Firm). Doing business in Malaysia. [New York] : Price Waterhouse, 1996. 249 p.
Price Waterhouse (Firm).
Doing business in Malaysia. [New York] : Price, Waterhouse & Co., 1977-.
Serial Publication v.
Matthew S. Perlman.
Supreme Court holds that state statute barring state agency award of contracts
to companies doing business with Burma is preempted by federal law. The
International Construction Law Review Oct 2000 v17 i4 p673-674.
Mark V. Tushnet. Globalization and federalism in a post-Printz world. (Massachusetts law barring state business with Burma)(Symposium: 1999-2000 Supreme Court Review) Tulsa Law Journal Fall 2000 v36 i1 p11-41.
Robert Stumberg. No business in Burma; Supreme Court shouldn't overrule Congress' decision to allow state purchasing sanctions. Legal Times March 20, 2000 v23 i12 p58 col 1 (35 col in)
Matthew Schaefer. Lessons from the dispute over the Massachusetts Act regulating state contracts with countries doing business with Burma (Myanmar). Badia Fiesolana : European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, 2002. 39 p.
H C Matthew Sim. Myanmar on my mind: a guide to living and doing business in Myanmar. Singapore : Times Books International, 2001. 157 p.
United Nations. The private sector and ASEAN business opportunities : Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Viet Nam / [Bangkok] : United Nations, 2000. xiii, 146 p.
commerce, economy. [Washington, D.C.] : Library of Congress, 2002-Computer
Jorge A Vargas. Mexican
law a treatise for legal practioners and international investors : guide to
electronic resources for Mexican law. [San Diego, Calif. : Jorge A. Vargas]
2001-. English Internet Resource Serial Publication, available at: http://www.mexlaw.com/guide.html
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in Mexico. [New York] : PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2001-. English Serial Publication v.
- New Zealand central & local government
- APEC Tariff Database for New Zealand
- New Zealand APEC Study Centre home page
- New Zealand Economy Report - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Scott Abel. Re Brumark
Investments Ltd. - the final word on charges over book debts? (New Zealand).
Journal of Banking and Finance Law and Practice Dec 1999 v10 i4 p337-342.
Peter Fitzsimons. Investment statements: simplified disclosure documents for public offerings. (New Zealand) Company and Securities Law Journal March 1999 v17 i2 p132-136.
Andrew M.C. Smith. Tax
relief for conduit investment through New Zealand. Tax Notes International June
15, 1998 v16 n24 p1885-1897.
Izabela Kawa, Mark A. Fox. Outcomes of foreign investment in New Zealand. Company and Securities Law Journal Oct 1997 v15 n7 p439-446.
Luke R. Nottage. Trade law harmonisation in the Asia-Pacific region; a realist's view from New Zealand - and a way forward? New Zealand Law Journal Sept 1995 p295-300.
C M V Plunket; D J
Patterson, Business operations in New Zealand. [Washington, D.C.] : Tax
Management Inc., 2003- [2003 ed.]. English Book Serial Publication v.
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in New Zealand. [New York] : PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2002-. Serial Publication v.
- Papua New Guinea Government Online
- National Parliament
- Prime Minister's Office
- National Statistical Office (NSO)
- Investment Promotion Authority
- APEC Tariff Database for Papua New Guinea
Owen Cox. Fair trading in
Papua New Guinea. Australian Law Journal Jan 2001 v75 i1 p53-66.
Jon H. Goldstein. The prospects for using market incentives to conserve biological diversity. Environmental Law Spring 1991 v21 n3 p985-1014.
- Ministerio de Justicia del Peru
- Ministerio Público - Fiscalia de la Nación
- PERU- APEC
- PERU: Main Aspects of the Foreign Investment Promotion Law
- APEC Tariff Database for Peru (temporarily unavailable)
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in Peru. New York : PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2003. 136 p.
- The Official Government Portal of the Republic of the Philippines
- Office of the President
- National Economic and Development Authority
- Department of Foreign Affairs
- Department of Trade and Industry
- Supreme Court of the Philippines
- Philippine APEC Study Center Network
Ray C. Espinosa. The
further liberalization of foreign exchange control regulations in the
Philippines. International Lawyer Fall 1993 v27 n3 p771-774
David G. Scalise, Patricia J. De Guzman. Foreign investment in the Philippines. George Washington Journal of International Law and Economics Fall 1995 v29 n1 p145-195
Handbook on doing BOT
business in the Philippines. Manila, Philippines : Office of the President, BOT
Center, 2000. 57 p.
Maria Lourdes Aranal-Sereno. Doing business in the Philippines : gearing for 21st century challenges. Diliman, Quezon City : Institute of International Legal Studies, University of the Philippines Law Center, 2000. 250 p.
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in the Philippines. New York : PriceWaterhouseCoopers, 2002. 258 p.
Sycip, Gorres, Velayo
& Co. Doing business in the Philippines. [Manila] : SGV & Co., 2000.64
PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP. Doing business and investing in the Philippines. [United States] : PriceWaterhouseCoopers LLP, 2002-. Serial Publication v.
- Russian Government Online (In Russian)
Igor Motsnyi. No soft
option: Russia's new legal regime for protection of computer programs.
(Software Protection Act). Copyright World June 2003 i131 p14-16
Kara Josephberg, Jane Pollack, Jenna Victoriano, Oriyan Gitig, Alexandra D. van Nes, Scott N. Wagner. Russia revises patent law. Intellectual Property & Technology Law Journal May 2003 v15 i5 p21(2).
Joel M. McDonald, Oleg Y. Konnov. Russia moves to destination-basis taxation for Commonwealth of Independent States trade. Tax Notes International Nov 6, 2000 v21 i19 p2101-2105.
Dmitri Melnik, Alexei
Ryabov, Andrew Shact. Forms of conducting business in Russia: U.S. tax-planning
opportunities. Tax Notes International Sept 6, 1999 v19 i10 p915-929.
Viktor P. Zvekov. The new civil code of the Russian Federation and private international law. (Russian Law Reform). McGill Law Journal August 1999 v44 i2 p525-537.
Brandon Bennett. Secured financing in Russia: risks, legal incentives, and policy concerns. Texas Law Review May 1999 v77 i6 p1443-1483.
John Clark. Restraints by regional and local governments on competition: lessons from transition countries. (Russia and Eastern Europe)(Symposium: Second Annual American Competition and Trade Round Table). Brooklyn Journal of International Law March 1999 v25 i2 p363-372.
William J. Kovatch Jr. Joining the club: assessing Russia's application for accession to the World Trade Organization. Temple Law Review Winter 1998 v71 i4 p995-1043.
Charles E. Roh Jr., John C. Kingery, Greg Mastel, James D. Southwick. Future challenges: the proposed accession of China, Russia, and others; presentation summary and comments. (Symposium on the First Three Years of the WTO Dispute Settlement System), International Lawyer Fall 1998 v32 i3 p883-900.
Marat Terterov. Doing
business with Russia's electrical energy sector. London and Sterling, VA. :
Kogan Page, 2004. English Book p.
Soiuz iuristov (Russia). Investment climate in Russia in the light of the banking reform and legal disputes resolution. American Chamber of Commerce in Russia.; Russian-American Banking Law Working Group.; Moscow : [s.n.], 2002. English Book 190 p.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. The investment environment in the Russian Federation: laws, policies and institutions. Paris, France : Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2001. 199 p. ; 23 cm.
- Singapore Government Online
- Ministry of Law
- Ministry of National Development
- Ministry of Trade and Industry
- International Enterprise Singapore
- US - Singapore Trade
- Singapore: Trade and Economic Profile
LLP. Doing business and investing in Singapore. [United States] : PricewaterhouseCoopers,
1999-. English Serial Publication v.
Tianwah Goh; Kheng Chuan Goh. Handbook for businessmen. Singapore : Rank Books, 2002 Rev. ed. 253 p.
World Trade Press. Singapore business. San Rafael, Calif., USA : World Trade Press, 1994-. English Serial Publication v.
George T L Shenoy; See Kiat Toh. Legal aspects of doing business in Singapore. Singapore ; Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley Pub. Co.,1996. xxxiii, 403 p.
Allen & Gledhill. Doing business in Singapore. Yonkers, N.Y. : Juris Pub.,1999-. 1 v.
Singapore, GATT; World Trade Organization. Trade policy review. Geneva : General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1992-. Serial Publication v.
K.-C. Liu. Unfair competition law in Taiwan. International Review of Industrial Property & Copyright Law. 30, no.4, p. 377-402 1999.
Telecommunications law reform in the ROC. Chinese Yearbook of International Law
and Affairs. 1996-97, no.15, p. 61-84 1996-1997.
Ma Ying-Jeou. The ROC (Taiwan)'s entry into the WTO: progress, problems and prospects. Chinese Yearbook of International Law and Affairs. 1996-97, no.15, p. 32-60 1996-1997.
Shih Wen-Chen. Multilateralism and the case of Taiwan in the trade environment nexus: the potential conflict between CITES and GATT/WTO. Journal of World Trade. 30, no.3, p. 109-139 1996.
Young, L.W. Taiwan and WTO membership: IPR laws now almost completely comply with TRIPs requirements. East Asian Executive Reports. 18, no.6, p. 15-20 1996.
- Royal Thai Government
- Department of Export Promotion -- Thailand
- Thailand: Trade and Economic Profile
- Thailand Trade Information Links
[WTO-TRIPs, 1995] TRIPs and the specialised Intellectual Property Court in
Thailand . International Review of Industrial Property & Copyright Law. 30,
no.4, p. 360-376 1999.
McDorman, T.L. U.S.-Thailand trade disputes: applying section 301 to cigarettes and intellectual property. Michigan Journal of International Law (formerly: Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies). 14, no.1, p. 90-119 1992.
Srisanit, A. Thailand's trade and laws in the new Asia-Pacific country. Chulalongkorn Law Review. p. 164-172 1989-1990.
Yoonaidharma, S. [GATT, 1947] Thailand's experience in international trade law and GATT / S. Yoonaidharma. Malaya Law Review. 31, no.2, p. 335-343 1989.
U.S. and International Trade
- U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) - The USTR was created by Congress in the Trade Expansion Act of 1962. It was authorized to set and administer overall trade policy. As a chief trade negotiator, USTR represents the United States in the major international trade organizations.
- U.S. International Trade Administration (ITA) - As a lead unit for trade in the Department of Commerce, the ITA promotes U.S. exports of manufactured goods, nonagricultural commodities and services. ITA provides U.S. business with information on market access to the international market and protects U.S. business from dumped and subsidized imports.
- U.S. Import Administration (IA) - IA enforces laws and agreements to prevent unfairly traded imports and to protect jobs and the competitive strength of American industry. Here is the overview of the IA. The latest investigations of alleged foreign trade are available in phf files from "Newest Items" in the right hand column. Programs and services provided by the IA are in the left-hand column. The document library is a good source for finding documents regarding imports.
- Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States
- U.S. Market Access and Compliance
- U.S. Trade Agreements - Includes active, binding agreements between the United States and its trading partners covering manufactured products and services (excluding agriculture agreements). An excellent source for searching treaties and agreements!
- U.S. Country Market Search - The WTO Trade Policy Review Summaries are fully searchable market access reports with information on foreign trade policies and regulations. Links are also provided to the National Trade Estimate Report on Foreign Trade Barriers and to ITA’s Country Market Research Library. The TCC also provides suppliers information on Global Procurement Opportunities.
- U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) - The ITC was established by Congress in 1916 as the U.S. Tariff Commission. The Trade Act of 1974 renamed it as the U.S. International Trade Commission. It has broad investigative powers on trade issues and serves as a national resource where trade data is gathered and analyzed. The ITC provides both the President and Congress with trade information on which U.S. trade policy is based.
- USITC Rules of Practice and Procedure (pdf)
- Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Orders
- International Economic Review IER - The IER keeps track of significant developments in international economics and trade. It provides technical information and advice on international trade matters to policy makers.
- U.S. Court of International Trade (CIT) - CIT was established in 1980 as the successor to the Court of Customs. It provides judicial review of any final determinations by the ITA and ITC. (Folsom, International Trade and Investment in a nutshell 2ed. West Group 2000 p.147.)For more explanation of the CIT and its publications please see LLRX Research Guide on CIT.
- U.S. Export/Import Bank – The Ex-Im Bank was created in 1934 to aid in financing and to facilitate U.S. exports.
U.S. and APEC
- The United States and APEC - From US State Department website; provides updated information on the relations between the U.S. and APEC.
U.S. and ASEAN
- U.S. -ASEAN - US-ASEAN Business Council's website provides updated information on trade and investment information ASEAN countries.
Christine Haight Farley. Conflicts between U.S. law and international treaties concerning geographical indications. (Intellectual Property on the Pacific Rim: Asia, Latin America and the United States) Whittier Law Review Fall 2000 v22 i1 p73-88.
Heidi S. Gruner. The export of U.S. tobacco products to developing countries and previously closed markets. Law and Policy in International Business Fall 1996 v28 n1 p217-254.
Paul C.B. Liu. U.S. industry's influence on intellectual property negotiations and Special 301 actions. (trade law)(Special Issue: Intellectual Property in East Asia). UCLA Pacific Basin Law Journal Fall 1994 v13 n1 p87-117.
Ravi Arvind Palat.
Capitalist restructuring and the Pacific Rim. London ; New York : RoutledgeCurzon,
2004. Internet Resource xiv, 275 p. Table of contents available at: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/ecip047/2003016720.html
K. S. Nathan, M. Pathmanathan. Trilateralism in Asia : problems and prospects in U.S. - Japan - ASEAN relations. Kuala Lumpur : Antara Book Co.,1986 xviii,205p.
Edward J Lincoln. Taking APEC seriously: [why ignoring APEC hurts U.S. interests]. Washington, DC : Brookings Institution, 2001. Internet Resource 7,  p. available at: http://www.brookings.edu/comm/policybriefs/pb92.htm
Roger Buckley. The United States in the Asia-Pacific since 1945. New York : Cambridge University Press,2002. x, 258 p.
Committee for Economic Development. U.S. economic policy toward the Asia-Pacific region : a statement. New York : Committee for Economic Development,1997, English Book viii, 39 p.
Won Kwang Paik. United
States trade relations with the newly industrializing countries in the Pacific
basin. New York : Garland, 1997. xv, 163 p.
- Ministry of Trade
- Legislations (English)
- Trade Agreements (English)
- The US-Vietnam Trade Agreement By Tai Van Ta
- Vietnam in ASEAN : Toward Cooperation for Mutual Benefits
Duy Khien Nguyen. Doing business in Vietnam: essential information and guide to successful strategies. [Hanoi] : Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 2002 3rd ed. 203 p.
Ernst & Young. Doing business in Vietnam. Ho Chi Min City, Vietnam : Ernst & Young, 1999. 94 p.
Vietnam's antitrust legislation and subscription to e-ASEAN: an end to the bamboo firewall over Internet regulations? (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Robert Neil Wilkey. The John Marshall Journal of Computer & Information Law Summer 2002 v20 i4 p631-656.
Amalia R. Walton, Comment: Catfish Wars: Vietnam’s Fight for Free Trade in the US Court of International Trade, 2004, 13 Pac. Rim L. & Pol'y 471.
Norman Brown IV. NOTE: The Long Road to Reform: An Analysis of Foreign Investment Reform in Vietnam, 2002, 25 B.C. Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 97.
Duc V. Trang, Eightennth
Annual International Law Symposium “Doing Business in Vietnam:
Law/Economy/Politics” Article the Practice of Law and Foreign Investment in
Vietnam, 2001, 22 Whittier L. Rev. 1067.
Susan R. Mendelsohn, Huy Hoang Nguyen, Net Le. Foreign direct investments in Vietnam: investment procedures and the impact of the U.S.-Vietnam trade agreement. (Statistical Data Included). International Quarterly July 2002 v14 i3 p359-436.
Justin M. Pearson. The U.S./Vietnam bilateral trade agreement: another step in the right direction. University of Miami Business Law Review Spring 2002 v10 i2 p431-450.
Fred Burke, Nguyen Lan Phuong. Mark The U.S.-Vietnam trade agreement and its effect on Vietnam's tax system. (Statistical Data Included). Tax Notes International Jan 21, 2002 v25 i3 p202-204.
Pham Nghiem Xuan Bac, Dang The Duc. The US-Vietnam Trade Agreement and its impact on Vietnam's IP system focus on trademarks. Trademark World Oct 2000 i131 p25(5)
Pham Nghiem Bac, Dang The Duc. US - Vietnam trade agreement and it impacts on the intellectual property system in Vietnam. Copyright World Sept 2000 i103 p22-24.
Thuy Le Tran. Vietnam: can an effective arbitration system exist? Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Journal Jan 1998 v20 n2 p361-387.
[iii] Thomas C. Fischer. A commentary on regional institutions in the Pacific Rim: do APEC and ASEAN still mater? 13 Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, (Spring 2003) 337, at 363.
[iv] See Amr Gohar. APEC: Terrorism takes over economics agenda. available at: http://www.siyassa.org.eg/esiyassa/AHRAM/2002/1/1/REPO12.HTM
[vii] See George Siors, Fostering a proper ASEAN perspective. available at: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?eo20011231a1.htm
[viii] See, Supra note 3.