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Trinidad and Tobago Law and Legal Research

By Catherine A. Deane and Vincent Moyer

Catherine A. Deane received her primary and secondary education in Trinidad. She has a B.A. in Cultural Anthropology with a Certificate in Latin American Studies from Princeton University, an M.A. in Cultural Anthropology and a J.D. with a Certificate in International and Comparative Law from the University of Tulsa in Oklahoma. She will receive her M.L.I.S. degree from San Jose State University, School of Library and Information Science in May 2010. She is the assistant to the Foreign, Comparative and International Law Librarian at the University of California Hastings College of the Law.

Vincent Moyer (J.D., M.S.) is the Foreign, Comparative and International Law Librarian at the University of California Hastings College of the Law in San Francisco, California.

Published November 2009
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Table of Contents

1. Background and History

                  1.1. Political and Legal History Resources
                  1.2. Basic Country Information Sources

2. Government Structure

3. Executive Branch: The Prime Minister and the Cabinet

3.1. Executive Branch: Legal Information

4. Legislative Branch: Parliament – The House of Representatives and the Senate

4.1. About the Legislative Branch
                     4.1.1. Legislative Process: Making Laws
               4.2. About Parliament
                     4.2.1. Parliament: Legal information
               4.3. About the House of Representatives
                             4.3.1. House of Representatives: Legal Information
               4.4. About the Senate
                        4.4.1. The Senate: Legal Information

5. The Tobago House of Assembly

6. Judicial Branch
               6.1. About the Judicial Branch
               6.2. Judicial Branch: Legal Information
                      6.2.1. About the Court Library Services Unit
               6.3. The Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago
                            6.3.1. About the Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago
                            6.3.2. The Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago: Legal Information

7. Constitution

8. Online Legal Information Sources
                8.1. Paid Subscription Database
                8.2. Government Information Online
                8.3. Legal Information by Subject

9. Print Sources of Legal Information
                9.1. Law Journals
                9.2. Books

10. Sources of General Information
               10.1. Statistics and Government Information
               10.2. The National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS)
               10.3. The National Archives of Trinidad and Tobago (NATT)
               10.4. The Government Information Service Limited (GISL)
              10.5. Newspapers
              10.6. Government News Sources
              10.7. Other News Sources
              10.7.1. Trinidad and Tobago Online TV and Radio
              10.7.2. News Sources on Twitter

11. Other Resources
               11.1. Legal Education & Legal Profession
               11.2. Trinidad and Tobago Legal Resource Guides

12. Additional Caribbean Legal Information

13. References and Selected Bibliography

 

1. Background and History

The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, formerly a British colony, is now an independent member of the British Commonwealth. This Caribbean twin island Nation, was originally discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1498 and occupied briefly by the Spanish until it was captured in 1797 by the British, who brought African slaves to Trinidad and later invited Indian indentured laborers to the island.

The British ruled Trinidad and Tobago under the Crown Colony System from 1831-1925. Under this system, a Governor advised by a resident legislative council ruled the island for the British government. By 1956, Trinidad and Tobago had established a form of self-government under colonial rule, but it was not until 1976, that Trinidad and Tobago became a self-governing republic.

1.1. Political and Legal History Resources    

·       History of Parliament  

·       Local Government    

·       History of the Capital City - Port-of-Spain   

·       The Port-of-Spain Corporation

·       Port-of-Spain  

·       History of Standing Committees 

1.2. Basic Country Information Sources

·       Country Profile: Trinidad and Tobago   - BBC News

·       Country Study: Commonwealth of Caribbean Islands: Chapter 3 Trinidad and Tobago Library of Congress - Federal Research Division (2006)

·       World Factbook: The Caribbean (Trinidad & Tobago)  - Prepared by the CIA (U.S.)

·       Country Profile: The Caribbean and Trinidad & Tobago  - Prepared by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office (U.K.)

·       UN data Trinidad and Tobago  - Country profile statistics

·       Country Statistics from Reuters

2. Government Structure

The current government structure of Trinidad and Tobago is a parliamentary democracy consisting of the executive branch, made up of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, and the legislative branch, made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The members of the House of Representatives and the Senate elect the President of Trinidad and Tobago.

Tobago has a separate elected House of Assembly that is responsible for the administration of the island.

National elections occur every five years.

The Judicial branch is a separate branch, led by the Chief Justice. The Trinidad and Tobago Judiciary is made up of the Lower Judiciary (the Magistracy) and the Higher Judiciary (The Supreme Court). The Supreme Court is made up of the High Court and the Court of Appeal. The highest court is the Privy Council in England.

·       Basic Information on the System of Government in Trinidad and Tobago provided by the government of Trinidad and Tobago

·       Diagram of Government Organization Structure  produced by the National Library and Information System Authority

·       Organizational Structure of the Government

3. Executive Branch: The Prime Minister and the Cabinet

The executive branch includes the Cabinet, Ministries and Departments of government, statutory authorities and governmental institutions. The Prime Minister is a member of the Cabinet.

 

After an election, the President appoints as Prime Minister the member of the House of Representatives who commands the support of the majority of members of that House.  On the advice of the Prime Minister, the President appoints members of the House of Representatives and the Senate to the Cabinet.

The Cabinet controls the government of Trinidad and Tobago and is responsible to Parliament. They implement the laws passed by Parliament.

·       Office of the Prime Minister - official website

·       The Role of the Cabinet  according to the official website of the Office of the Prime Minister.

3.1. Executive Branch: Legal Information

·       Initiatives

·       Ministerial List

·       Ministry of Foreign Affairs

·       Ministry of Legal Affairs - Includes Laws of Trinidad (Revised edition, 2004)

4. Legislative Branch: Parliament – The House of Representatives and the Senate

4.1. About the Legislative Branch

The Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago is the legislative branch of the Government. The President, the House of Representatives and the Senate make up Parliament. The President is the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.

 

4.1.1. Legislative Process: Making Laws

A Bill may be initiated in either the House or the Senate. The Bill must pass through both the House and the Senate and must be presented to the President for approval. The President’s assent converts the bill into an Act of the Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

The Process of Lawmaking  - Detailed description prepared by the Parliament Secretariat.

4.2. About Parliament

Although technically the Parliament consists of three parts, the President, the House of Representatives and the Senate, Parliament is still referred to as bicameral because it is divided into the Lower House, known as the House of Representatives, and the Upper House, known as the Senate. The House of Representatives is made up of 41 elected representatives; the members of the Senate are appointed by the President.

 

The Parliament has the power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of Trinidad and Tobago in accordance with the Constitution.

·       Parliament of the government of Trinidad and Tobago

·       The Parliament Channel - Streaming video

·       Glossary of Parliamentary Terms

4.2.1. Parliament: Legal information

·       Bills - Full-text database of bills browsable by session or alphabetically by name. Also includes information on the members of parliament involved in debating the bills.

·       Acts of Parliament - Full-text database containing Acts of Parliament from 1998 to present hosted by the official website for the Parliament of the government of Trinidad & Tobago.

·       Laws of Trinidad (Revised edition, 2004)

The Office of the Parliament also provides online access to some information regarding what occurred during sittings of the House of Representatives and the Senate  between 1990 and the present.

·       Hansard Reports  (Official Reports)

·       Full-text database covering 1987 to present, containing transcribed reports of what is said in the House and Senate.

The Office of Parliament also provides digital access to other legal publications such as:

·       Standing Orders - Standing Orders are the rules that govern the proceedings in the House of Representatives

·       80th Report of the Salaries Review Commission  

·       Report of the Standing Orders Committee of the House of Representatives

4.3. About the House of Representatives

The House of Representatives, the elected Lower House, has 41 members, elected every five years. The Speaker of the House may or may not be an elected member of the House of Representatives. The House of Representatives may be dissolved prior to the five year election date by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.

·       House of Representatives - Information on the House of Representatives, from the National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS) website .

4.3.1. House of Representatives: Legal Information

For the current session of Parliament, the full-text of multiple versions of Bills and Committee Reports are available online from the House of Representatives:

·       Sittings of the House of Representatives [1990-2009]

·       Progress of Bills Introduced in the House of Representatives in the Current Session of Parliament - Includes various versions of each bill and committee report.

·       Motions Introduced in the House of Representatives - Database contains full-text of House Debate and related Bills. Browsable by Title and Session.

4.4. About the Senate

The members of the Senate are appointed by the President. Of the 31 members, 16 are Government Senators and are appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister. Six (6) are Opposition Senators appointed on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition and nine (9) are Independent Senators.  The President is charged with selecting and appointing senators who will be representative of Trinidad and Tobago civil society. The presiding officer is known as the President of the Senate.

 

4.4.1. The Senate: Legal Information

For the current session of Parliament, the full-text of multiple versions of Bills and Committee Reports are available online from the Senate:

·       Sittings of the Senate [1990-2009]

·       Progress of Bills Introduced in the Senate in the Current Session of Parliament - Includes various versions of each bill and committee report.

·       Motions Introduced in the Senate during the 2nd Session of the 9th Republican Parliament

5. The Tobago House of Assembly (THA)

The Tobago House of Assembly (THA) first met in 1768, but it was not until 1980 that the first Tobago House of Assembly Act was passed. This Act grants the citizens of Tobago the right of internal self-governance. The new Tobago House of Assembly Act, passed on 1996, granted the THA greater autonomy in political, financial and social issues, but no lawmaking powers. The THA is led by the Chief Secretary and Secretary of Public Administration Planning, Energy, State Lands and Information, currently The Honorable Orville Delano London, and reports directly to the Minister of Tobago Affairs. Local elections for the THA take place every 4 years.

 

The National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS)  provides further details about the THA

·       The Tobago House of Assembly -Official Website

·       About the Tobago House of Assembly - describes the origins and nature of the THA in greater detail.

·       Tobago House of Assembly Divisions - Provides links to and information about the divisions of the Tobago House of Assembly, including, Office of the Chief Secretary, Finance, Enterprise Development and Cooperatives

·       The Tobago House of Assembly Act, 1996  provided by NALIS.

6. Judicial Branch

6.1. About the Judicial Branch

The Judicial branch is one of the three separate arms of the State. The head of the judicial branch is the Chief Justice, who has overall responsibility for the administration of justice in Trinidad and Tobago.

The highest court is the Privy Council in England. The Caribbean Court of Justice is not part of the Judiciary of Trinidad and Tobago. Appeals from the Trinidad and Tobago Court of Appeal go to the Privy Council in England.

The Judiciary is composed of the Supreme Court of Judicature and the Lower Judiciary (the Magistracy).

The Supreme Court of Judicature for Trinidad and Tobago consists of a High Court of Justice and a Court of Appeal.  Appeals from the Magistracy and the High Court go to the Court of Appeal. The Magistracy and the High Court are courts of original jurisdiction.

The High Court is made up of three divisions: the Matrimonial Division (hears family matters where the partners are married), the Criminal Division (hears indictable criminal matters), and the Civil Division (hears matters involving sums $15,000 and over).

The Magistracy is divided geographically into thirteen districts. The Criminal Division exercises summary jurisdiction in criminal matters and hears preliminary inquiries in indictable matters. The Civil Division hears matters under $15,000.

·       Structure of the Judiciary

·       Brief timeline of legal points of interest

·       List of Chief Justices of Trinidad and Tobago

6.2. Judicial Branch: Legal Information

·       Judgments from the High Court

·       Judgments from the Court of Appeal

·       Consolidated Orders and Rules

·       Practice Directions

·       Daly’s Damages Digest

·       The Court Library Services unit website also provides access to: Practice Directions and Guides and Rules of Court

·       Judicial Review Act (2000)

6.2.1. About the Court Library Services Unit

The Court Library Services Unit has six branches. The main branch, The Supreme Court Library, Port-of-Spain, is housed on the third floor of the Hall of Justice in Port-of-Spain, Trinidad. The Supreme Court Library has the most comprehensive collection of unreported decisions of the Supreme Court of Trinidad and Tobago.

 

One copy of every judgment received is placed in the Special Judgment Collection Alphabetical File , in the Port-of-Spain Supreme Court Library. In print, the library carries cases from the 1950’s to the present. All judgments received by the Unit since 1990 have been recorded in the online catalog. Links to some electronic copies of the decisions are available.

Research assistance requests are considered by the Court Law Library on a case by case basis, and some information can be provided via fax. Information that is already in electronic format may be sent via email. Judgments can be requested from the courts via email or fax.

The Court Library Services Unit - This official website provides access to:

·       The Court Library Services Unit’s Online Catalog contains records of books, articles, and judgments. More specifically, the online catalog contains:

o   Books acquired from 2001 to the present. The catalogue will eventually reflect all the Unit's collections because retrospective cataloging is ongoing.

o   Index/abstracts of written Judgments of the Supreme Court from 1990 to the present.

o   Retrospective index/abstracts of some pre- 1990 Judgments.

o   Articles relating to Commonwealth Caribbean jurisdictions.

o   Selected indexing of Trinidad and Tobago Legislation.

·       The Court Library Services Unit Official Website also provides access to:

o   The Trinidad and Tobago Judiciary - a digital collection of photos and information on judges, past and present.

o   List of legal links - Links to law related official government pages

o   List of government links - links to select government websites

o   Library research tools

6.3. The Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago

6.3.1. About the Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago

The Industrial Court is a superior court similar in status to the High Court. It was established in 1965 by the Industrial Stabilisation Act. This act was then repealed and replaced by  the 1972 Industrial Relations Act.

The purpose of the court is to settle unresolved disputes between employers and trade unions representing the workers.

See the official court website for further information about the court such as:

·       Jurisdiction

·       Divisions of the Court

·       Past Judges

6.3.2. The Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago: Legal Information

The Industrial Court of Trinidad and Tobago - The official website also provides access to:

·       Judgments

·       Procedures for Initiating a Matter

·       Current Case List

·       A list of court documents that can be requested by members of the public.

7. Constitution

Between 1945 and 1962, the Constitution of Trinidad and Tobago underwent six reforms. The 1962 Constitution, drafted by Sir Ellis Clarke is referred to as the Independence Constitution and is considered by the Government of Trinidad and Tobago to be the first written Constitution. It was reformed in 1976 and became the Republican Constitution which is still in force.

Concerned that the Constitution does not meet the political needs of the multicultural society of Trinidad and Tobago, the government has once again initiated a Constitutional reform that is expected to facilitate a more effective democratic system of government.

·       Annotated Constitution - This is a product of NALIS, and it is intended to explain to the constituents of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the meaning of the constitution. It briefly describes the content and purpose of the constitution.

·       The Constitution- Prepared by the Parliament Department (2003).

·       The Constitution [pdf]

·       The Constitution [html]

·       The 1961 Constitution

·       The Constitution - Contained in the Report of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Conference, June 1962. 

·       The Report of the Wooding Commission on Constitutional Reform, 1974

·       “Thinking Things Over - The Constitution Commission (1987) of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago”

·       Trinidad and Tobago Constitutional Law – available through the International Labour Organization’s NATLEX website.

·       The Working Document on Constitutional Reform for Public Consultation

·       Draft Constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago (2006)

·       Principles of Fairness Draft Constitution

·       Constitutional Resources - The official website of the Office of the Parliament provides increasing digital access to the constitutional resources deposited at the Parliament Library.

·       Subject guide on the Constitution  from the National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS).

8. Online Legal Information Sources

8.1. Paid Subscription Database

Carilaw - Online subscription database containing the full text of about 20,000 cases with head notes. For other cases, only head notes are available, but the full-text can be requested. Also contains West Indian unreported judgments and a selection of legislation, initially in areas of commercial law, and treaties.

 

8.2. Government Information Online

Trinidad and Tobago has an e-government portal called ttconnect.

The most recent data available through Internet World Stats indicates that, 17.3% of the 1.2 million people in Trinidad and Tobago have access to the internet. Trinidad and Tobago's e-government portal allows citizens to access a wide range of government services via a single government portal. Although none of the services are available online, the website carries detailed information on how to access government services via mail or in person.

Although there is an e-government portal, and all laws can be found online through the Ministry of Legal Affairs official website , select individual government ministries, agencies and divisions have their own websites . Some of these websites provide separate access to individual Acts or other relevant information.

·       A Guide to the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

·       Judicial Review Act [pdf]

·       The  Constitution [pdf]

·       Environmental Laws, Policies and Guides - Full-text documents maintained by the Environmental Management Authority (EMA) of Trinidad and Tobago

·       Special Collection: Family Law: Domestic Violence - a digital collection of newspaper clippings on domestic violence in Trinidad and Tobago, maintained by the Court Library Services Unit.

·       Links to the following informational pages are provided by the Consumer Affairs Division of the Ministry of Legal Affairs:

o   Consumer Policy for Trinidad and Tobago

o   Draft Policy Paper - Consumer Protection in the 21st Century [pdf] (On the Ministry of Legal Affairs website)

o   Consumer Protection Laws - Trade and Commerce

8.3. Legal Information by Subject

There are several databases that contain laws on a certain topic for many countries. These include WIPO’s CLEA database and the International Labour Organization’s database of labor laws. The websites listed below contain laws for Trinidad and Tobago about intellectual property, labor relations, trade relations, and environmental issues.

·       World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)'s  Collection of Laws for Electronic Access (CLEA)  is a searchable database that allows the user to search for different types of Intellectual property laws in Trinidad and Tobago. Many of the more recent intellectual property oriented laws are available with full text.

o   The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Intellectual Property Office

o   Copyright Music Organisation of Trinidad and Tobago (COTT)  - This is a non-profit organization that administers copyright licenses to performance artists. The website provides guidance as to whether or not a license is needed, explains what music piracy is, and provides information on license fees/tariffs.

o   Protecting Intellectual Property - information produced by the Office of the Attorney General and Ministry of Legal Affairs and provided by NALIS.

·       NATLEX - The International Labour Organization (ILO) maintains a database of labor laws for various countries, including Trinidad and Tobago. This is not a full-text database, but some of the listings include links to the full-text of the act or treaty. For example, NATLEX links to available full-text acts from the Trinidad & Tobago Parliament website .

·       Integrated Database of Trade Disputes for Latin America and the Caribbean

·       ECOLEX is an Environmental law database that allows the user to search for treaties, legislation, and other documents related to Environmental law. It contains significant entries for Trinidad and Tobago .

9. Print Sources of Legal Information

9.1. Law Journals

·       West Indian Reports - First published in 1958, this authoritative set of law reports includes cases decided in the High Courts and Courts of Appeal of the West Indian States, including Trinidad and Tobago, and Privy Council appeals. These reports contain Caribbean case law.

·       The Caribbean Law Review - The Caribbean Law Review is published by the University of the West Indies, Faculty of Law, Cave Hill, Barbados.

·       West Indian Law Journal - The West Indian Law Journal is published by the Council of Legal Education at the Norman Manley Law School.

9.2. Law Books         

The main publishers of legal books with relevance to Trinidad and Tobago law are The Caribbean Law Publishing Co. Ltd. and Cavendish Publishing Limited. The Commonwealth Caribbean Law Series covers English speaking Caribbean nations including Trinidad and Tobago.

The official Ian Randall Publishers website has a section with books on Caribbean Law topics. 

10. Sources of General Information

10.1. Statistics and Government Information

·       Central Statistical Office (CSO)

·       List of Statistical publications available through the CSO

·       Trade, Travel & Economic Indicators Statistics - Full-text statistics and analysis

·       Business Survey and National Income Statistics

·       Energy Statistics for Trinidad and Tobago - The Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries collects and compiles a wide range of statistics and reports on the quantities and value of natural gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG) and petrochemicals produced, sold and exported in Trinidad and Tobago.

·       Continuous Sample Survey of Population (CSSP) and Household details  - Information on employment, unemployment and other labor force characteristics.

·       Agriculture Statistics

·       Financial Statistics

·       CARICOM statistics - Under the Publications tab, regional statistics for the Caribbean on trade, the environment, population, economic indicators, gender, power and decision-making.

10.2. The National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS)

The National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS), provides library services including providing access to information on Trinidad and Tobago. NALIS has an online catalog and a series of subject guides on local topics related to the history, culture and government of Trinidad and Tobago.

The National Library and Information System Authority (NALIS) of Trinidad and Tobago maintains a web site with digital access to collections of cultural information and artifacts and digital access to an index of Caribbean journal articles.

NALIS also provides access to the full-text of select Acts and other government publications including:

·       Education Act

·       Emancipation Act

·       Freedom of Information Act

·       Securities Industry Act

·       Civil Service Act and Regulations

·       Civil Service Amendments

·       Copyright Act, 1997

·       Town and Country Planning Act, 1969

·       Report of the Commission of Enquiry into the Functioning of the Elections and Boundaries Commission

·       Report of the Commission of Enquiry into the Functioning of the Elections and Boundaries Commission and related Newspaper articles

·       Regulations Governing the National Emblems of Trinidad and Tobago

·       Rules and Regulations Governing the National Flag

·       Online Articles about the Protective Services

10.3. The National Archives of Trinidad and Tobago (NATT)

The National Archives of Trinidad and Tobago (NATT) maintains the following collections that may be of interest to legal scholars. Online, NATT provides access to the records showing the available years and the location of the item. Some preliminary research assistance may be provided for foreign researchers, but full access to the collection requires a visit to the local reading room.

NATT Collection- NATT maintains online a searchable catalog of their collections.

One such collection is: Laws of Trinidad and Tobago (and the West Indies) - This is a historical collection of the laws of Trinidad and Tobago. The earliest laws in this collection are for Trinidad in 1884. This collection also includes laws that were intended to govern the West Indian Federation of ten (10) islands of the region. This grouping was conceived in 1958 but never came to pass.

10.4. The Government Information Service Limited (GISL)

Established in 2006 as a state owned limited liability company, the Government Information Service Limited (GISL) is intended to facilitate distance learning, to educate the public, and to produce and provide government information. It is also meant to facilitate communication within and between government agencies and to disseminate information to the public.

The Official GISL website provides online access to information such as:

·       Full-text of speeches made by government officials  - Organized by date (June 2008 - present).

·       Online access to news stories related to the government

·       Press Releases from the Trinidad and Tobago government and from CARICOM

10.5. Newspapers

It is known in Trinidad and Tobago, that the accuracy of the information in these newspapers is not guaranteed.

·       Trinidad and Tobago Express

·       The Guardian

·       T & T Newsday

·       Tobago News

·       C News

·       Trinidad and Tobago News - Clearinghouse for articles from all the above newspapers

·       Trinidad and Tobago News Special Files - Archive of news articles on important issues in Trinidad and Tobago recent history (1970's -present)

·       Trinidad and Tobago News Blog

10.6. Government News Sources

·       Latest News about the Office of the Parliament, Trinidad and Tobago

·       Government in the News  - Provided by The Government Information Service Limited (GISL)

·       Tobago House of Assembly News

·       News from the Office of the Financial Services Ombudsman

·       Caribbean Community (CARICOM) News

10.7. Other News Sources

 

10.7.1 Trinidad and Tobago Online TV and Radio

Several Trinidad and Tobago television stations are viewable online including:

·       Gayelle TV

·       ieTV (That is TV)

·       Synergy TV

·       World Indian Network TV

·       CNC 3 from Trinidad & Tobago

·       Caribbean Communications Network (CCN) TV6

·       Tobago Channel 5

·       The Islamic Network

·       IBN TV Channel 8

·       Trinidad and Tobago Online Radio Stations- List of links maintained by Trinidad and Tobago news.

10.7.2. News Sources on Twitter

·       Trinidad and Tobago news

·       C News

·       TT Parliament

·       Tobago Channel 5

·       Office of Disaster Preparedness TT

·       The Ministry of Health TT

11. Other Resources

11.1. Legal Education & Legal Profession

·       Hugh Wooding Law School

o   Hugh Wooding Law School Library

·       University of the West Indies, Faculty of Law, Cave Hill Campus

·       The Commonwealth Caribbean's Council of Legal Education

·       The Law Association of Trinidad and Tobago

o   The Lawyer Journal - Newsletter

o   Reports

o   Press Releases

·       Commonwealth Lawyer’s Association

·       List of law Firms in Trinidad - Maintained by HeirosGamos, browsable by type of law and by city.

11.2. Trinidad and Tobago Legal Resource Guides

·       Trinidad and Tobago law resource page - maintained by Washburn University School of Law

·       UPDATE: Guide to Caribbean Law Research - Globalex Guide by Yemisi Dina

·       Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Resources- Commonwealth Legal Information Institute (CLII)

12. Additional Caribbean Legal Information

·       Commonwealth Government and Democracy Associations

·       Fifth Summit of the Americas

·       Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat website with a link to CARICOM laws

·       Organization of American States

·       Organization of Eastern Caribbean States

·       Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court

·       Caribbean Court of Justice

o   Caribbean Court of Justice: A Research Guide - LLRX Guide by Yasmin Morais

·       The American and Caribbean Law Initiative

o   The American and Caribbean Law Initiative Annotated Bibliography - valuable for its identification and description of print legal resources for the English Speaking Caribbean, it contains resources up to 2007.

13. References and Selected Bibliography

Antoine, R. M. B. (1999). Commonwealth Caribbean Law and Legal Systems. Commonwealth Caribbean Law Series. London: Cavendish Pub.

Durrant, F. (2006). The World Wide Web Enhancing E-government in the Caribbean: An Assessment of Government Portals or Gateway Websites. IFLA Journal. 32(3), 240.

Fiadjoe, A. K. (1999). Commonwealth Caribbean Public Law. Commonwealth Caribbean Law Series. London: Cavendish Pub.

Haraksingh, Kush. (1999). “Context and Dominion: The Law in Independent Trinidad and Tobago” in Misplaced Traditions: British Lawyers, Colonial Peoples. Annandale, NSW, Aus, Federation Press

McQueen, R., & Pue, W. W. (1999). Misplaced Traditions: British Lawyers, Colonial Peoples. Annandale, NSW, Aus, Federation Press

Meighoo, K. P. (2003). Politics in a Half-Made Society: Trinidad and Tobago, 1925-2001. Kingston: Ian Randle Pub.

Meighoo, K. P., & Jamadar, P. A. (2008). Democracy and Constitution Reform in Trinidad and Tobago. Kingston: Ian Randle Pub.

Phillips, F. (2002). Commonwealth Caribbean Constitutional Law. Commonwealth Caribbean Law Series. London: Cavendish Pub.

Robinson, T. (2007). A Caribbean Common Law. Race & Class. 49(2), 118-124.

Ryan, S. (1972). Race and Nationalism in Trinidad and Tobago: A Study of Decolonization in a Multiracial Society. Toronto: University of Toronto Press

Seetahal, D. S. (2001). Commonwealth Caribbean Criminal Practice and Procedure. Commonwealth Caribbean Law Series. London: Cavendish Pub.

Official Website of the Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Official Website of the National Library and Information System Authority of Trinidad and Tobago